Tuesday, January 1, 2013

British & Irish Women Writers of Fiction 1910-1960 (Ea - Fi)

For more information about this list, please see the introduction, linked below. 

You can download the entire list in a single PDF. Clicking on the link below will open a Google Docs page displaying the entire list in PDF. To save a copy of the PDF, just click on the little down arrow in the upper left. You can also print the list from the Google Docs page, but be warned that it now weighs in at 501 pages!


[Current total: 2,263 writers]

UPDATED 5/7/2022


E. S. B.
          see BAKER, EMILY [SARAH]

EAST, ALDGATE (1880 - 1946)
(pseudonym of Amy Adelaide Ebdell, née Skellam)
Author of a single novel, Darrimore (1939).

(married name Ivens)
1920s – 1930s
Author of two novels—Tantalus (1923), about "a clergyman's love-affair with the French governess of his sister-in-law's children" (Spectator) and Bid Time Return (1934), which sounds like a somewhat Brontëan romance, She also wrote a memoir, You Asked Me Why (1936), and a gardening book with the evocative title, Gay Gardening: A Book of Tips for Amateur Gardeners (1932).

EASTON, GRACE M[ARY]. (23 Sept 1895 - 1980)
(née ?????)
Daughter and wife of missionaries in China, and author of one Christian-themed girls' school story, The School on the Hill (1940), appropriately and uniquely set in a school for children of missionaries. She also published one additional children's book, Merry-All-the-Time (1936).

EASTWAYS, W. W. (dates unknown)
1930s – 1940s
Untraced (probably pseudonymous) author of three school stories which take place at a single school over the course of almost a decade—Greycourt (1939), The Girls of Greycourt (1944), and Christine of the Fourth (1949).

1900s – 1910s
Co-author, with her sister Beatrice HERON-MAXWELL, of two romance-themed novels, A Woman's Soul (1900) and The Fifth Wheel (1916).

EASTWOOD, HELEN (17 Jul 1892 - 1984)
(née Baker, aka Olive Baxter, aka Fay Ramsay)
Author of well over 100 novels under her own name and her pseudonyms, mostly romantic suspense. Crime Fiction IV suggests that her more straightforward mystery/thrillers include Beloved Intruder (1949), Fugitive Wife (1960), and The Ghostly Melody (1977). Among her other titles are To Be Worthy of Shadows (1938), Green Eyes for Torture (1939), Synthetic Halo (1940), Ken's Watery Shroud (1942), Destiny for Jill (1961), and Sweet Trespasser (1978).

Ebel, Suzanne
          see GOODWIN,

ECKERSLEY, DAISY (9 Aug 1917 - 1986)
(née Mudge, but may have been changed to Brown in her childhood)
Wife of designer and artist Tom Eckersley and mother of three more illustrators and/or designers, Richard, Paul, and Anthony Eckersley. She published a single children's book illustrated by her husband, Cat o' Nine Lives (1946). Many of the illustrations are posted

ECKERSON, OLIVE (23 Feb 1901 – 24 Feb 1985)
(née Taylor)
1950s – 1960s
Author of two historical novels—My Lord Essex (1955), about Queen Elizabeth I's romance with the Earl of Essex, and The Golden Yoke: A Novel of the Wars of the Roses (1962).

EDEN, MARION (dates unknown)
Untraced author of two girls' school stories—Success for Jane (1936) and Felgarth's Last Year (1938)—the first of which Sims and Clare described as "rambling, repetitive, and pretentious."

Edgar, Josephine
          see EDGAR, MARY

EDGAR, MARY (27 Dec 1907 – 2 Mar 1991)
(married name Mussi, aka Mary Howard, aka Josephine Edgar)
1930s – 1990s
Author of romantic ane historical novels spanning more than sixty years, most of them under her Howard pseudonym. Titles include Windier Skies (1930), Partners for Playtime (1938), Devil in My Heart (1941), Have Courage, My Heart (1943), Sixpence in Her Shoe (1950), The House of Lies (1960), The Bachelor Girls (1968), and A Dark and Alien Rose (1991).

EDGE, K[ATHLEEN]. M[ARY]. (23 May 1878 – 11 Aug 1946)
(married name Caulfield)
1900s – 1910s
Author of four novels, three of which—Ahana (1902), The After Cost (1904), and The Shuttles of the Loom (1909)—display her knowledge of India, where she lived with her father and then her husband. The fourth, Through the Cloudy Porch (1912), is set in South Africa. OCEF describes Shuttles as about "a strong silent man who falls in love and dies in a cholera epidemic," while her last novel is about a woman who discovers her terrible husband is really her half-brother.

EDGINTON, MAY (20 Dec 1883 – 17 Jun 1957)
(pseudonym of Helen Marion Edginton, aka H. M. Edginton, married name Baily)
1900s – 1950s
Playwright and popular author of more than 50 romantic novels. Oh! James! (1914) was adapted for stage and screen as “No, No, Nanette”. The Sin of Eve (1913) deals with a suffragist who leaves the cause to get married. Married Life, or, The True Romance (1917) is about an unhappy wife who finds new freedom and power while her husband is away on a business trip. Woman of the Family (1935) is about a secretary who, tired of being underpaid, becomes a dance club hostess. Other titles include The Weight Carriers (1908), Ladies Only (1922), The Child in Their Midst (1924), The Peach's Progress (1927), The Women Who Squandered Men (1927), Call Her Fanny (1930), Dance of Youth (1932), Emergency Wife (1937), Wedding Day (1939), The Harvest Is Mine (1944), The Tall Man (1950), and Two Lost Sheep (1955).

EDISFORD, ROSEMARY (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single novel (or possibly biography, depending which review you consult), A Picnic in the Shade (1958), about an eccentric family in a country home. A contemporary review says she was living at Kidmore End in South Oxfordshire, but I’ve not been able to locate any records for her, suggesting that the name is a pseudonym. If the family home she wrote about was in Kidmore End, it might well have been
Kidmore House?

EDMISTON, [HELEN] JEAN [MARY] (9 Aug 1913 – 22 Feb 2008)
(aka Helen Robertson)
1950s – 1960s
Author of four mystery novels under her pseudonym—The Winged Witnesses (1955), Venice of the Black Sea (1956), set in Clapham in East London, The Crystal-Gazers (1957), about the murder of an alchemist and the theft of a valuable jewel, and the most acclaimed, The Chinese Goose (1960, aka Swan Song), about a young woman who drowned following an attack by swans, of all things—I wrote a bit about that one here. She also wrote one additional novel, The Shake-Up (1962) under her real name.

EDMONDSTON, MARY E[LIZABETH]. (24 Nov 1916 – 6 Aug 2013)
1940s – 1950s
Author of three children’s titles—Adventure in the North (1944), Strangers in the Islands (1948), and Secret in the Sand (1953)—all or most set in Shetland. Although Mary was born and lived in England, her family had close connections to Shetland. Adventure in the North seems to be set just before WWII and feature children bringing down a gang of Nazi spies.

EDWARDS, DOROTHY (1903 – 6 Jan 1934)
Welsh writer whose career—including only one story collection, Rhapsody (1927), and one novel, Winter Sonata (1928) (both reprinted by Virago in the 1980s)—was tragically cut short by suicide.

Edwards, June
          see FORRESTER, HELEN

EDWARDS, LILIAS (dates unknown)
1950s – 1970s
Children's author whose works include Hiking Holiday (1955), about two teenage girls hiking and hosteling, and its sequel Annabelle Joins In (1959). Other titles are Flannelfeet (1961), Calling All Bears (1964), The Dancing Pony (1965), Silver Blaze (1968), and Stable to Let (1973).

EDWARDS, MONICA [LE DOUX] (8 Nov 1912 – 18 Jan 1998)
(née Newton)
1940s – 1970s
Children's author best known for the Romney Marsh series, beginning with Wish for a Pony (1947), and the Punchbowl series, starting with No Mistaking Corker (1947). Both feature adventures based around country and farm life, and are noted for their strong characterization. Other titles are Black Hunting Whip (1950), Spirit of Punchbowl Farm (1952), No Entry (1954), Frenchman's Secret (1956), No Going Back (1960), Dolphin Summer (1963), A Wind Is Blowing (1969), and Badger Valley (1976)

EDWIN, MARIBEL (23 Apr 1895 – 25 Sept 1985)
(née Thomson)
1920s – 1960s
Author of 20 volumes of fiction for adults and children. These a mystery novel, Sound Alibi (1935), in which a blind criminologist's secretary falls prey to murder. Her other novels are The Valiant Jester (1930), Windfall Harvest (1931), Atmosphere for Gloria (1935), and Return to Youth (1937), which seem to be romantic dramas. After the 1930s, Edwin turned to children's fiction, often prominently featuring animals and nature settings. Titles include This Way to Greenacres (1950), The Zigzag Path (1955), The Bridge Under the Water (1957), about a family moving to the Scottish Highlands, The Hidden House (1963), and Bilberry Summer (1960). She also published Wild Life Stories (1933), a nature title lavishly illustrated by Raymond Sheppard.

Egerton, Lucy

ELDER, JOSEPHINE (6 Dec 1895 – 24 Jul 1988)
(pseudonym of Olive Gwendoline Potter, aka Margaret Potter)
1920s – 1960s
A doctor in general practice for 60 years, and author of 17 volumes of fiction. She published 11 children's titles, many of them school stories, including Evelyn Finds Herself (1929), considered by many to be one of the best of that genre. Her other children's titles are Erica Wins Through (1924), The Scholarship Girl (1925), The Scholarship Girl at Cambridge (1926), Thomasina Toddy (1927), The Redheads (1931), The Upper Fifth at St. Anne's (1934), a farm school trilogy comprised of Exile for Annis (1938), Cherry Tree Perch (1939), and Strangers at Farm School (1940), and Barbara at School (1946). Elder also wrote 6 adult novels, often centered around medicine and most of them reprinted in recent years by Greyladies. Adult titles are Sister Anne Resigns (1931), The Mystery of the Purple Bentley (1932), her one mystery, about a woman doctor whose disappearance is investigated by her nurse/assistant, Lady of Letters (1949), The Encircled Heart (1951), Doctor's Children (1954), and Fantastic Honeymoon (1961). I've discussed some of Elder's titles

ELIAS, EDITH L[EA]. (2 May 1879 – 15 Feb 1952)
(née Morice)
1910s – 1940s
Author of several works of non-fiction for children and adults, as well as more than a dozen works of children's fiction, including two girls' school stories—Elsie Lockhart, 3rd Form Girl (1925) and Deanholme (1926)—which, according to Sims & Clare, eschew melodrama and focus on relationships. Others include Periwinkle's Island (1919), The Old Treasure House (1925), Her Majesty Runs Away (1939), Peasant Princess (1944), and Under the Sea and Back Again (1947).

(married names James and Kinnaird)
Author of five acclaimed novels and two works of non-fiction. Her clever, darkly humorous debut, Alice (1950), was compared to Nancy Mitford. The other novels are Henry (1950), Mrs. Martell (1953), Starter's Orders (1955), and Cecil (1962). Heiresses and Coronets (1959, published in the U.K. as They All Married Well (1960), is non-fiction about prominent European/American marriages. She also published Portrait of a Sport: A History of Steeplechasing (1957). I wrote about all of Eliot's novels
here, and they've now been reprinted as Furrowed Middlebrow books by Dean Street Press—see here.

ELIOTT, LYDIA S[USANNA]. (5 Nov 1882 – 23 May 1974)
(née Graham)
1930s – 1960s
Author of more than two dozen works for children, including fiction, non-fiction, and Bible stories, some for younger children, as well as a single adult novel, Lake of Destiny (1948), about which information is lacking. Children's titles that appear to be fiction for older children include Susan of Red Rock Fjord (1949), The Chief's Secret (1951), Ceva of the Caradoes (1953), The Girl from 'Chinooks' (1954), The Young Explorers (1958), and Found in the Forest (1958). Interestingly, her 1950 title Children of Galilee was illustrated by Mollie M. Kaye, later better known as novelist M. M. KAYE.

          see VON ARNIM, ELIZABETH

ELLAMS, WINIFRED (18 Dec 1917 - ????)
(married name Hammond, possibly other earlier married name[s])
A schoolteacher herself and the daughter of a headmaster, Ellams published a single girls' school story, The Girls of Lakeside School (1949). In 2014, a comment on a forum from her niece reported that Ellams was 97 years old and still living in the Midlands.

Elliott, Ellen

ELLIOTT, LILIAN ELWYN (1874 – 7 Feb 1963)
(married names Summers and Joyce, aka L. E. Elliott Joyce)
Author of several travel books about Central and South America, as well as a single novel, Black Gold (1920).

ELLIS, BETH (ELIZABETH) (17 Sept 1874 – 2 Aug 1913)
(married name Baker)
1900s – 1910s
Aunt of Elizabeth FAIR. Author of a travel book, An English Girl's First Impressions of Burmah (1899), described by one source as "one of the funniest travel books ever written," and of seven novels, most historical romance. Titles are Barbara Winslow: Rebel (1903), Madame, Will You Walk? (1905), The Moon of Bath (1907), Blind Mouths (1907), The King's Spy (1910), A King of Vagabonds (1911), and The King's Blue Riband (1912). She apparently died in childbirth.

Ellis, Mrs. Havelock
          see LEES, EDITH

ELLSWORTH, EDITH ELLEN (2 Jul 1886 – 12 Jun 1956)
(née Bennett)
1930s – 1960s
Author of one girls' school story, Doctor Noreen (1945), as well as numerous other children's stories, many for young children. Titles include Strong Wing (1939), The Highwayman Came Riding (1944), Smuggler's Bay (1949), Strongwing (1954), and The Magic Chestnut (1961).

ELRINGTON, HELEN (23 Jul 1854 – 31 Dec 1950)
1870s, 1900s – 1920s
Travel writer, children's author, and author of nearly 20 volumes of fiction, including several boys' school stories. Titles include A Scandal—or, Is It True? (1878), In the Days of Prince Hal, or The Little Forester (1901), The Two Christophers (1902), Mark or Molly? (1903), Ralph Wynward: A Story for Boys (1903), The Schoolboy Outlaws (1904), Ralph and Percy (1906), The Luck of Chervil (1907), The Burleighs (1911), The Red House of Boville (1925), Maurice Pomeroy (1927), and The Outside House (1928).

Elsna, Hebe

EMSLEY, CLARE (23 Sept 1912 – 12 Apr 1980)
(full name Clare Emsley Plummer, aka Clare Plummer)
1940s – 1970s
Daughter of crime novelist T. Arthur Plummer and romance writer Cora LINDA. Author of more than 20 romantic novels, including Painted Clay (1947), The Broken Arcs (1951), Call Back Yesterday (1958), Unknown Heritage (1963), Doctor at the Crossroads (1966), and A Time to Heal (1971).

ENGLAND, JANE (27 Sept 1896 - 1967)
(pseudonym of Vera Murdock Stuart Jervis, née Coysh, earlier married name Southgate)
1920s – 1960s
Author of more than 50 novels, probably romantic tales, many set in Africa. Titles include Red Earth (1926), set in South Africa, The Sjambok (1929) and Rhodesian Farm (1933), both set in Rhodesia, The Solitary Place (1937), The Flowering Veld (1940), Yorkshire Farm (1943), The Camphorwood Chest (1954), set in Ireland, and Pandora's Box (1964).

ENGLISH, ISOBEL (9 Jun 1920 – 30 May 1994)
(pseudonym of June Guesdon Braybrooke, née Jolliffe, earlier married name Orr-Ewing)
1950s – 1970s
Author of three novels
The Key that Rusts (1954), Every Eye (1956), and Four Voices (1961)—which were highly acclaimed in their day, as well as one story collection, Life after All (1973). Muriel Spark said that Every Eye, which has been reprinted by Persephone, was "intensely evocative of the period, remarkable in its observations of place and character."

ENOCK, ESTHER E[THELIND]. (13 Jun1874 – 5 Jun 1947)
1910s – 1940s
Author of more than 20 volumes of Christian-themed children's fiction and non-fiction, including Four Girls and a Fortune (1935), set in part in a girls' school. Other titles include Those Dreadful Girls (1913), The Children of Eversley Grange (1916), The Girls Of Clare Hall (1919), The Quest of Three (1926), Greta The Steadfast (1931), The Golden Stair (1934), Joan of Glencairn (1937), Daneleigh Court (1946), Four Girls and a Fortune (1948), and The Happy Road (1949).

ERSKINE, ANN (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of John Erskine Tuck and Ann Hawkesworth, who remains untraced)
Authors of a single girls' school story, Kath of Kinmantel (1958). The British Library spells the name "Ann," while Worldcat spells it "Anne" and credits the author with an earlier book of poetry, Some Simple Things (1933).

ERSKINE, CICELY [GRACE] (10 Sept 1873 – 12 Aug 1969)
(née Quicke)
Author of several sex education and birth control books in the 1920s, Erskine also wrote what appears to be a novel called Whisper (1931), but online information about it is virtually nonexistent.

ERSKINE, KATHLEEN (10 Apr 1904 – 10 Jul 1991)
(née Brookes)
Author of three novels—Design (1934), The Pursuers (1935), and They Carry the Fire (1938). The Morning Post said that the first was "almost Galsworthian," but details are lacking.

ERSKINE, MARGARET (2 May 1901 – 4 Jul 1984)
(pseudonym of Margaret Doris Wetherby Williams)
1930s – 1970s
Born in Canada but raised in England. Author of more than two dozen crime novels, many featuring series character Inspector Septimus Finch. Many of her novels appear to have been published first in the U.S., and some seem not to have appeared in the U.K. at all. Titles (and alternate titles, if available) are And Being Dead (1938), The Limping Man (1939, aka The Painted Mask), The Whispering House (1947, aka The Voice of the House), Caravan of Night (1948), I Knew MacBean (1948), Give up the Ghost (1949), The Disappearing Bridegroom (1950), The Silver Ladies (1951), Don't Look Behind You (1952), Death of Our Dear One (1952, aka Look Behind You, Lady), Dead by Now (1953), Fatal Relations (1953, aka Old Mrs. Ommanney Is Dead), The Voice of Murder (1956), Sleep No More (1958), The House of the Enchantress (1959), A Graveyard Plot (1959), The Woman at Belguardo (1961), The House in Belmont Square (1963, aka No. 9 Belmont Square), Take a Dark Journey (1965), The Family at Tammerton (1965), Case with Three Husbands (1967), The Ewe Lamb (1968), The Case of Mary Fielding (1970), The Brood of Folly (1971), Besides the Wench Is Dead (1973), Harriet Farewell (1975), and The House in Hook Street (1977).

(married name Leslie)
1940s – 1970s
Actress, screenwriter, and author of romantic, mystery, and historical fiction. She is included in Twentieth-Century Romance and Historical Writers, but the editors qualify her inclusion by noting that her work "usually offers the reader far more than a single male/female relationship and there is very rarely a simplistic or conventionally happy ending." She wrote more than a dozen novels in all, including Fortune My Foe (1947, aka In Me My Enemy), Soldiers' Daughters (1948), The Tall Headlines (1950), Out of the Whirlwind (1951), The Singer Not the Song (1953, aka The Bandit and the Priest), set in Mexico, Details of Jeremy (1955, aka The Outer Ring), The Judas Figures (1956), Mist Over Talla (1957, aka I Thank a Fool), Nicola (1959), The Way to the Lantern (1961), set during the French Revolution, I Start Counting (1966), which won the Prix Roman Policier, Sight Unseen (1969), Journey Into Stone (1972), and The Self-Appointed Saint (1975).

ERTLING, CHRISTINE [VIOLET] (28 Apr 1905 – 5 Feb 1980)
(originally Oertling, married name Carr, aka Christine Oertling)
1910s, 1930s
Child prodigy who published her first two books—The Passing of the Shadows (1919), "The Lure of Melody" (1920)—and a play while still in her teens. She later dropped the O from her name and published two novels for Mills & Boon, The Fiddler Played It Wrong (1934) and Design with a View (1935).

ERTZ, SUSAN (13 Feb 1887 – 11 Apr 1985)
(married name McCrindle)
1920s – 1970s
Author of two dozen works of fiction, including novels with domestic themes, story collections, and one children's book. Her debut, Madame Claire (1923), is about a matriarch maneuvering and guiding her family. I reviewed it
here. Now East, Now West (1927), according to the Orlando Project, "presents a contrast between the societies of England and America." The Proselyte (1933) deals with the early days of the Mormons in Utah. One Fight More (1939) is about three sisters and their domestic problems, while Anger in the Sky (1943) is Ertz's contribution to "blitz lit". Charmed Circle (1956) deals with a dysfunctional family. Other titles include Nina (1924), Julian Probert (1931), No Hearts To Break (1937), Two Names Under the Shore (1947, aka Mary Hallam), In the Cool of the Day (1960), and The Philosopher's Daughter (1976).

ESSEX, JOY (dates unknown)
Untraced author of a single short romance novel, A Fiancée for Hire (1930).

Essex, Mary
          see BLOOM, URSULA

Estoril, Jean

EUDACOLT, BELLA (dates unknown)
Untraced author of a single novel, probably a romance, An Impossible Pair (1923).

Euphan, Barbara
          see TODD, BARBARA EUPHAN

EUSTACE, ALICE (c1868 - ????)
(pseudonym of Mary Ann [or Anne] Thomas, née Rees)
1920s – 1930s
Author of eight romantic novels, most for Mills & Boon, including Cloistered Virtue (1925), Flame of the Forest (1927), A Girl from the Jungle (1928), The Make-Believe Lover (1929), Diamonds and Jasmin (1929), Smoke-Haze (1930), He'll Love Me Yet (1932), and My Purdah Lady (1933).

EVANS, MARGIAD (17 Mar 1909 – 17 Mar 1958)
(pseudonym of Peggy Eileen Williams, née Whistler)
1930s – 1950s
Novelist and memoirist who often focused on the border of England and Wales, where she grew up, including in her best-known novel Country Dance (1932). Her other novels are The Wooden Doctor (1933), Turf or Stone (1934), and Creed (1936). She also wrote three memoirs—Autobiography (1943), A Ray of Darkness (1952), which deals with her experiences with epilepsy, and The Nightingale Silenced (1954), which deals with the progress of the brain tumor with which she had been diagnosed in 1953. She also published two volumes of poetry and a story collection, The Old and the Young (1948). She died of cancer on her 49th birthday.

EVEREST, [MARY] KATE (CATHERINE) (1860 – 23 Aug 1946)
1910s – 1920s
Poet and author of five novels—Lady Beaufoy (1914), Stolen Brains (1917), Life's Fitful Fever (1918), The Bond That Held (1920), and The Mandarin's Spy-Glass (1928). Two early works, The Shadow on the Purple (1911) and The Searchlight on the Throne (1912), are apparently memoirs of life in the foreign service.

EVERETT, MRS. H[ENRIETTA]. D[OROTHY]. (1851 – 16 Sept 1923)
(née Huskisson, aka Theo Douglas)
1890s - 1920
Author of 20 volumes of fiction, largely historical romances and melodramas, sometimes with a supernatural component. Iras: A Mystery (1896), dealing with an Egyptian mummy brought back to life, is considered a precursor to modern sci-fi and fantasy fiction. According to OCEF, Malevola (1914) is an anti-feminist vampire story with lesbian themes. A White Witch (1908) is set in 17th century Oxford, while White Webs (1912) is set in Sussex in the 1700s. Other titles include Windygap (1898), Miss Caroline (1904), One or Two (1907), Cousin Hugh (1910), The Grey Countess (1913), and Miss Maybud: Marriage-Maker (1920). She also published a collection of ghost stories, The Death-Mask and Other Ghosts (1920). Her early novels used her pseudonym, but after her marriage she began using her own name. A trivial detail from OCEF: Her great-uncle was William Huskisson, the first man in England to be run over by a train.

EVERETT-GREEN, EVELYN (17 Nov 1856 – 27 Apr 1932)
(aka Cecil Adair, E. Ward, and Evelyn Dare)
1880s – 1930s
Nurse, novelist, and children's author whose works often reflected her strong Methodist beliefs and who published more then 300 books in all. Of her adult novels under the Adair pseudonym, the British Weekly said they were "full of an unforced gaiety. We get a straightforward story, plenty of love-making, a variety of human interests, with a clean tone and an invigorating belief in goodness." She wrote a single girls' school story, Queen's Manor School (1921), which Sims and Clare call "curiously Victorian." Among her other titles are Fighting the Good Fight (1884), Joint Guardians (1889), Dorothy's Vocation (1890), The Percevals, or, A Houseful of Girls (1890), The Lord of Dynevor: A Tale of the Time of Edward the First (1892), In Pursuit of a Phantom (1905), Lady Elizabeth and the Juggernaut (1906), The Cossart Cousins: A Story for Girls (1908), The Family Next Door (1908), Half-a-Dozen Sisters (1909), Silver Star-Dust (1925), Greenberg (1925), Quadrille Court (1929), and Hills of the West (1932).

EWER, MONICA (21 Jan 1889 – 22 Nov 1964)
(née Thompson)
1920s – 1950s
Well known as the drama and film critic for the Daily Herald, Ewer reportedly wrote 50+ romantic novels, though the British Library lists fewer. Some, like Insecurity (1930), make use of her knowledge of journalism, film, and the theatre, and Ring o' Roses (1939) was adapted for the screen. Others include The Film of Fortune (1922), Susan Plays a Lone Hand (1932), Fifty Bob a Week (1934), Because We Love (1945), Shadow in the Limelight (1946), Clouded Sunshine (1949), Be Single Hearted (1952), and There Will Be Time (1957).

EYLES, KATHLEEN MURIEL (17 Dec 1913 – 4 Aug 1969)
(went by Merle, her real middle name, married names Knox and Rennick, aka Catherine Tennant)
1930s – 1950s
Author of nine novels, six of them under her Tennant pseudonym. Titles are Snow on Water (1932), Chorus of Old Men (1933), Poor Rebel (1935), Children of the Foam (1939), Major Road Ahead (1942), Last Orders, Please! (1943), The Wheels Turn Round (1946), Matilda Jones (1951), and Tomorrow Is Free (1953).

EYLES, [MARGARET] LEONORA (1 Sept 1889 – 27 Sept 1960)
(née Pitcairn, married name Murray, aka Elizabeth Lomond? [see separate entry for Lomond])
1910s – 1930s
Journalist and author of nearly a dozen novels in all. She focused on working class women in her non-fiction The Woman in the Little House (1922) and in novels like Margaret Protests (1919) and Hidden Lives (1922), the latter the story of a woman doctor in a poor urban neighborhood. She published several successful mysteries in the 1930s, including They Wanted Him Dead (1936), Death of a Dog (1936) and No Second Best (1939). Other fiction includes Elfin Gold (1923), The Hare of Heaven (1924), The Shepherd of Israel (1929), and Strength of the Spirit (1930). During World War II Eyles wrote For My Enemy Daughter (1941), a series of letters to her daughter, who had married an Italian and was living in Italy. Perhaps also of interest are Eyles' cookbook, Eating Well in War-time (1940), and her wartime advice book Cutting the Coat: A Book for Every Housewife in War-time (1941). In 1932, a novel called I Have Been Young (1932) appeared, credited to "Elizabeth Lomond". Critics coyly suggested that it was an autobiographical work by an established novelist. Comparing the novel’s themes with the bios of writers on my list, Lomond seems almost certainly to have been Eyles, though I'm retaining a separate entry for Lomond because as far as I know this has never been definitely established.

Fabyan, Evylyn

FAGAN, [SUSAN] ELISABETH (1866 – 28 Jun 1939)
(née Kirby)
1920s – 1930s
Actress and author of four novels—Dear Ann (1923), All the Way (1927), Things Were Different (1927), and Penny Got (1933)—and one volume, From the Wings (1922), which appears to be a memoir of theatrical life. Dear Ann is focused upon "the follies and the insincerity of a modern Society woman." Of All the Way, the Bookman said "the reader gets many delightful glimpses behind the scenes, in a provincial touring company, and is introduced to some refreshing characters." Things Were Different is set around the 1870s and purports to be the diary of an aunt who, if real, seems to have had extraordinary adventures. And according to the Spectator, Penny Got, the story of a 19th century farm family, has the unique characteristic of being narrated by their house.

FAHY, MINA (c1861 - 1916)
Author of a single girls' school story, St. Clement's (1910). She was born in Ireland and apparently ran a small school along with her sister.

FAID, MARY ALICE (1897 - 1990)
(married name Dunn)
1940s – 1970s
Author of 10 Scottish girls' stories described by Sims and Clare as "evangelistic," which trace one character from her school years to adulthood, beginning with Trudy Takes Charge (1949) and extending through Trudy and Family (1970). She also wrote other children's fiction and nearly a dozen adult novels, including Dear Dominie (1954), A Bride for the Laird (1955), The Singing Rain (1958), Mrs. Drummon's Daughters (1960), Daffodil Square (1962), The Glass Keepsake (1965), and The Other Side of the Park (1972).

FAIR, ELIZABETH [MARY] (7 Jul 1908 – 22 Aug 1997)
Author of seven novels, including six published in her lifetime which make use of romance and village comedy and which were compared in their day to the likes of Angela Thirkell, Margery Sharp, Anthony Trollope, and Jane Austen. Those titles are Bramton Wick (1952), Landscape in Sunlight (1953, aka All One Summer), The Native Heath (1954, aka Julia Comes Home), Seaview House (1955, aka A View of the Sea), A Winter Away (1957), and The Mingham Air (1960). In 2021, Fair's heirs discovered the manuscript of an unpublished seventh novel, The Marble Staircase, which will be published by Dean Street Press as a Furrowed Middlebrow book, along with the earlier six that were already reprinted. I've written about Fair

FAIRBANK, EVELEEN LENORA (25 Mar 1891 – 22 Oct 1986)
(née Hannah, aka Judith Carr, aka Elisabeth Morley)
1940s – 1950s
Only recently identified thanks to an email from her adopted granddaughter, Fairbank published at least eleven girls' school stories. Three of these—Jess of the Juniors (1947), Girls in Green (1949), and Judy's Triumph (195?)—utilized her Morley pseudonym, while seven more—The Templeton Twins (1947), Scholarship Sue (1948), The Jays of St John's (1948), Screen Fashions (1948), Penelope's Prefects (1950), The New Girls of Netherby (1951), Madcap Melody (1953), and Gipsy at Greywalls (1955)—were published as Judith Carr. Her granddaughter recalled that Fairbank had also published a single title under another pseudonym, but that name has not yet been identified.

Fairfax-Lucy, Alice

FALCON, CECILIA [FRANCES] (24 Jan 1889 – 13 May 1959)
(née Gledhill [uncertain but probable identification])
Author of two girls' school stories—Deborah's Secret Quest (1950) and The Best Term Ever (1952)—with an emphasis on adventure and intrigue.

FANE, LENOX (22 Jan 1900 – 5 Jul 1937)
(pseudonym of Elizabeth Adeline Mary Bligh)
Barrister, journalist, and occasional book author. She published one pseudonymous novel, Legation Street (1925), a volume of poems (1934), and the non-fiction Living in the Country: Essays and Personal Reminiscences in the Form of Letters (1935).

FANE, VALERIE (1893 – 13 Nov 1936)
(pseudonym of Frances Viggars, née Milligan)
Author of two romantic novels, Spring Melody (1935) and Secret Heart (1936).

FANSHAW, CAROLINE (15 Jan 1919 – 12 Aug 2008)
(pseudonym of Barbara Kate Cust)
1950s – 1960s
Author of nearly two dozen romantic novels, including Restore My Dreams (1954), Turn Back to Me (1956), Fascinating Stranger (1958), Spring Will Return (1959), Melody of Summer (1961), River of Romance (1964), Encounter with Love (1966), and Marry Me Never (1969).

FARJEON, ANNABEL (19 Mar 1919 – 8 Feb 2004)
(married names Adams and Anrep)
Ballet dancer and niece of Eleanor FARJEON, about whom she wrote a biography, Morning Has Broken (1986). She published one adult novel, The Alphabet (1943), about "the childhood and adolescence of a remarkably self-engrossed young woman," and five much later children's titles, including Maria Lupin (1967), The Siege of Trapp's Mill (1975), The Unicorn Drum (1976), The Cock of Round Hill (1977), and The Lucky Ones (1984).

FARJEON, ELEANOR (13 Feb 1881 – 5 Jun 1965)
1920s – 1960s
Aunt of Annabel FARJEON. Prolific
author of poetry and fiction for younger children, Farjeon also published a dozen novels for adults, often inspired by or incorporating fairy tales. These include Martin Pippin in the Apple-Orchard (1922), The Soul of Kol Nikon (1923), Ladybrook (1931), The Fair of St. James (1932), The Humming Bird (1936), Miss Granby's Secret (1940), Brave Old Woman (1941), Golden Coney (1943), The Fair Venetian (1943), Ariadne and the Bull (1945), Love Affair (1947), and The Two Bouquets (1948). According to ODNB, her best children's poetry is included in Silver-Sand and Snow (1951) and The Children's Bells (1957), while her best stories for children are in The Little Bookroom (1955). She published two memoirs—A Nursery in the Nineties (1935), her account of her childhood, and Edward Thomas: The Last Four Years (1958), which covered the years in which she was close friends with Thomas and his wife. This was intended as the first of several volumes of memoirs, but Farjeon died before she could complete the proposed second volume.

FARMER, CICELY [HILDA] (13 Sept 1870 – 7 May 1955)
(married names Baden-Powell and Monier-Williams)
1920s – 1930s
Wife of "sea scouting" pioneer Warington Baden-Powell (therefore sister-in-law of Robert Baden-Powell) and author of at least four novels. Titles are The Painted Show (1924), Waters of Fayle (1925), Anna (1931), and Artemis Weds (1932). A fifth title, The Bending Sickle (1931), first published in the U.S., may be an American edition of one of her other works or it may be a fifth novel. She also published two books about her travels—Dragons and a Bell (1931), about a trip through China, Malaysia, Burma, and Sri Lanka, and Sunrise Over India (1934). Farmer was born in New Zealand, but her family had relocated to England by the 1881 census.

FARMER, PENELOPE [JANE] (14 Jun 1939 -     )
(married names Mockridge and Shorvon)
1960s – 1990s
Author of more than 20 volumes of fiction for children and adults. Her career began with The China People (1960), a collection of fairy tales, but she is best known for Charlotte Sometimes (1969), the story of a contemporary girl who travels back in time to 1918. Other children's titles include The Summer Birds (1962), The Seagull (1965), A Castle of Bone (1972), Year King (1977), The Runaway Train (1980), and Stone Croc (1991). In the 1980s and 1990s, she published several novels for adults, including Standing in the Shadow (1984), Eve: Her Story (1985), Away from Home (1987), Glasshouses (1988), Snakes and Ladders (1993), and Penelope: A Novel (1996).

FARNES, ELEANOR (6 Jun 1906 - 1989)
(pseudonym of Grace Winifred Rutherford, née Tomlins [uncertain but probable identification])
1930s – 1970s
Author of nearly 70 Mills & Boon romances, including Merry Goes the Time (1935), Tangled Harmonies (1936), Bloom on the Gorse (1941), Stormcloud and Sunrise (1945), The Golden Peaks (1951), A Stronger Spell (1959), Rubies for My Love (1969), A Serpent in Eden (1971), and The Amaranth Flower (1979).

Untraced author of one novel, Sowing Moon (1936), about which little information is available.

FARR, FLORENCE [BEATRICE] (7 Jul 1860 – 29 Apr 1917)
(married name Emery)
1890s, 1910s
Composer, playwright, actress and novelist, known in large part for a high-profile affair with George Bernard Shaw and her collaborations with William Butler Yeats. She published two novels—The Dancing Faun (1894) and the self-published The Solemnization of Jacklin (1912). The former, according to OCEF, includes a scene in which an actor—reportedly based on Shaw and on Farr's husband, with whom she lived for only four years—is shot by a "New Woman."

FARRE, ROWENA (26 Feb 1921 – 9 Jan 1979)
(pseudonym of Daphne Lois Macready)
Author whose debut, Seal Morning (1957), was published as a memoir of childhood on an isolated Scottish croft, but which is now generally considered an autobiographical novel. She wrote two additional books: A Time from the World (1962, aka Gypsy Idyll) dealt with her time among the Romanies, and The Beckoning Land (1969) is about her time in India and Ceylon.

FARRELL, KATHLEEN [AMY] (4 Aug 1912 – 25 Nov 1999)
1940s – 1960s
Author of six novels, sometimes compared in their day to the work of Barbara Pym. Titles are Johnny's Not Home from the Fair (1942), Mistletoe Malice (1951), Take It to Heart (1953), The Cost Of Living (1956), The Common Touch (1959), and Limitations of Love (1962). I reviewed The Cost of Living
here. She was the companion of novelist Kay DICK for 22 years.

Farrell, M. J.
          see KEANE, MOLLY

FARRER, KATHARINE [DOROTHY] (27 Sept 1911 – 26 Mar 1972)
(née Newton)
Wife of an Oxford don, Farrer wrote three mysteries—The Missing Link (1952), set at Oxford, Gownsman's Gallows (1954), and The Cretan Counterfeit (1957), set in and around the British Museum. She also published one mainstream novel, At Odds with Morning (1960), described by Rue Morgue Press's bio as "a satire of a self-appointed saint."

FAULDING, GERTRUDE MINNIE (19 Dec 1875 – 26 Dec 1961)
Known for children's books about flowers and fairies, Faulding published two novels in collaboration with Lucy DALE—Time's Wallet (1913), an epistolary novel composed of correspondence between two young, educated, politically-involved women, and Merely Players (1917), about a woman writer's troubled marriage.

Faulkner, Mary
          see LINDSAY, KATHLEEN

FAVIELL, FRANCES (10 Jun 1903 – 13 Oct 1959)
(pseudonym of Olivia Faviell Parker, née Lucas, earlier married name Fabri)
Author of two highly praised memoirs—A Chelsea Concerto (1959), about the author's harrowing experiences during the Blitz, and The Dancing Bear (1954), about life in Germany immediately after World War II. She also published three novels—A House on the Rhine (1955), clearly also inspired by her time in Germany, Thalia (1957), about an 18-year-old art student spending a year as companion to a woman and her two children in Brittany, and The Fledgeling (1958), about a young man who has gone AWOL from his National Service. I've written about all of Faviell's works here, and they have all been reprinted as Furrowed Middlebrow titles by Dean Street Press.

FAXON, FREDERICKA (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of Mary F. Browne)
Author of a single novel, Rehearsal (1941), described as dealing with “the trials of being born beautiful, and tells how small-town Amy Braide suffered through her looks till an accident robbed her of them.” A copyright entry provides us with the author’s real name, which is too common to trace. It is interesting that there was an American author named Frederick W. Faxon, though he does not appear to have had children.

Fay, Erica
          see STOPES, MARIE

FEARON, ETHELIND [EMILY] (18 Dec 1898 – 22 Apr 1974)
(née Ratcliff)
1940s – 1960s
Memoirist, children's writer, and author of guides to cooking, homemaking, and entertaining. Her humorous guide The Reluctant Hostess (1954) was reprinted by Penguin in 2015, but her humorous memoirs, including Most Happy Husbandman (1946, aka The Happiest of Men), Me and Mr Mountjoy (1951), The Fig and the Fishbone (1959), which tells of her experiences opening a tearoom in a 600-year-old Essex cottage, The Marquis, the Mayonaisse and Me (1961), about life on an Essex farm, and A Privy in the Cactus (1965), about her time renovating and occupying a decrepit house in Majorca, may be of most interest to readers of this blog. Her several children's titles include The Sheep-Dog Adventure (1953), The Young Market Gardeners (1953), The Secret of the Cha
̂teau (1955), and Pluckrose's Horse (1955). Sadie Stein wrote an enthusiastic article about Fearon for the Paris Review following the Penguin reprint, which can be read here.

Untraced author of two children's titles—The Romance of a China Doll (1946) and Caroline's First Term (1947). The latter is a girls' school story with a far-fetched plot but, according to Sims and Clare, a pleasingly ironic tone and strong characters. John Herrington found a particularly likely candidates if the name is real—one Gwendolen Winifred Featherstonehaugh, later Oliver, then Taylor, born 1913—but there's nothing to definitely confirm that she was the author.

Fellowes, Anne
          see MANTLE, WINIFRED

FELTON, MONICA (23 Sept 1906 – 3 Mar 1970)
(née Page)
Later known for her writings on North Korea and India, including That's Why I Went: The Record of a Journey to North Korea (1953) and A Child Widow's Story (1966), Felton began her career with one novel, To All the Living (1945), which, according to the Observer, "explores a huge war-time munition works, and follows its worker into their offices, shops, and homes."

Fennessy, J. C.

Fenton, Elizabeth
          see LINDSAY, KATHLEEN

Ferguson, Helen
          see KAVAN, ANNA

FERGUSON, MARGARET [ARIELL] (7 Jul 1904 – 29 Jul 1979)
1930s – 1970s
Author of more than 60 volumes of romance, suspense, and other popular fiction. Flambeau (1934) deals with a large family living in the Cotswolds, and The Sign of the Ram (1943) is set in Cornwall. Harvest of Nettles (1952) is a crime novel set in Ceylon, about a nurse willfully implicated in her suicidal patient's death. Other titles include Forbidden Fires (1930), The Pinching Shoe (1932), The Bachelor's Table (1935), Vain Bondage (1938), Last Year's Rose (1941), The Waning of the Moon (1949), A Bed of Brambles (1954), Here Are Dragons (1956), Summer's Darling (1960), Crooked Corner (1963), Bird on the Wing (1968), and A House of Echoes (1973).

FERGUSON, RACHEL [ETHELREDA] (17 Oct 1892 – 26 Nov 1957)
1920s – 1950s
Novelist, satirist, and playwright. Author of 12 humorous and eccentric novels—
False Goddesses (1923), The Brontës Went to Woolworth's (1931, reprinted by Bloomsbury), The Stag at Bay (1932), Popularity's Wife (1932), A Child in the Theatre (1933), A Harp in Lowndes Square (1936, reprinted by Dean Street Press), Alas, Poor Lady (1937, reprinted by Persephone), A Footman for the Peacock (1940, reprinted by Dean Street Press), Evenfield (1942, reprinted by Dean Street Press), The Late Widow Twankey (1943), A Stroll Before Sunset (1946), and Sea Front (1954). She also published several volumes of very arch satire—Sara Skelton: The Autobiography of a Famous Actress (1929), Victorian Bouquet: Lady X Looks On (1931), Nymphs and Satires (1932), and Celebrated Sequels (1934)—as well as one play, Charlotte Brontë (1933), two memoirs about life in Kensington, Passionate Kensington (1939) and Royal Borough (1950), an autobiography, We Were Amused (1958), and two biographical works which appear to be for children—Memoirs of a Fir-Tree (1946), about Elsa Tannenbaum, and And Then He Danced (1948), about Edouard Espinosa. I've written about Ferguson's work numerous times—see here—and the three Dean Street Press titles noted above are Furrowed Middlebrow books.

FERGUSON, RUBY [CONSTANCE] (28 Jul 1899 – 11 Nov 1966)
(née Ashby, aka R. C. Ashby)
1920s – 1960s
Author of 30 volumes of fiction, including mysteries, children's fiction, and mainstream novels. Under her Ashby pseudonym, she published eight early mysteries—The Moorland Man (1926), The Tale of Rowan Christie (1927), Beauty Bewitched (1928), Death at Tiptoe (1931), Plot Against a Widow (1932), One Way Traffic (1933), He Arrived at Dusk (1933), and Out Went the Taper (1934)—some of which include supernatural elements and most of which are now quite rare. One additional work from this period, Miss Graham's Guest, was apparently serialized in 1932 but never published in book form. Under her married name, she published twelve novels, including the nostalgic Lady Rose and Mrs. Memmary (1937), a Persephone selection, and Apricot Sky (1952), a delightful D. E. Stevenson-esque family comedy set in Scotland, which has been reprinted as a Furrowed Middlebrow book by Dean Street Press (reviewed here). Other novels are The Moment of Truth (1944), Our Dreaming Done (1946), Winter's Grace (1948), Turn Again Home (1951), The Leopard's Coast (1954), For Every Favour (1956), Doves in My Fig-tree (1957), The Cousins of Colonel Ivy (1959), The Wakeful Guest (1962), and A Woman With a Secret (1965). Ferguson also published a popular series of girls' horse stories, beginning with Jill's Gymkhana (1949). Her perhaps somewhat fictionalized autobiography was Children at the Shop (1967).

FERRARS, ELIZABETH (6 Sept 1907 – 30 Mar 1995)
(pseudonym of Morna Doris MacTaggart, married name Brown, aka E. X. Ferrars, aka Morna MacTaggart)
1940s – 1990s
Author of more than 70 mystery novels spanning half a century, the main characters of which are often creative types moving in a genteel, upper-middle-class world, and which have been described as "politely feminist." Ferrars wrote several sequences of novels with overlapping characters and settings—a light-hearted early series featuring Toby Dyke; Inspector Dittredge novels set in the fictional town of Helsington and its nearby villages; Police Chief Raposo novels set in Madeira; several novels featuring retired botany professor, Andrew Basnett; and a late series featuring Virginia and Felix Freer, a separated (but not divorced) married couple. Titles include Give a Corpse a Bad Name (1940), Your Neck in a Noose (1942), I, Said the Fly (1945), set in wartime London, The March Hare Murders (1949), Alibi for a Witch (1952), Furnished for Murder (1957), The Decayed Gentlewoman (1964), A Stranger and Afraid (1971), Skeleton in Search of a Cupboard (1982), and Answer Came There None (1992). Her mysteries were often published in the U.S. under the name "E. X. Ferrars." She began her career with two mainstream novels published under her own name, Turn Simple (1932) and Broken Music (1934).

FEVEREL, JOANNA (17 Jan 1908 – 1999)
(pseudonym of Joan Ursula Darbyshire Pain, née Campbell)
Author of a single novel, Nothing Lasts (1933), featuring young love in a boarding-house, which received largely positive reviews.

FIDLER, KATHLEEN [ANNIE] (10 Aug 1899 – 8 Aug 1980)
(married name Goldie)
1940s – 1960s
Author of more than 60 volumes of fiction in all, most for children. Best known for her animal stories and two series, the Brydon family series, beginning with The Brydons at Smuggler's Creek (1946), and the Dean family series, beginning with The Deans Move In (1953). She also published historical stories like The Boy with the Bronze Axe (1968) and realistic fiction like The Desperate Journey (1964), focused on an impoverished Scottish family. Other titles include The Borrowed Garden (1944), The Mysterious Mr Simister (1947), I Rode with the Covenanters (1950), The Stallion from the Sea (1953), The Man Who Gave Away Millions (1955), Escape in Darkness (1961), and The Little Ship Dog (1963).

FIELD, [VIOLET ELSIE] BRADDA (23 Jan 1893 – 4 Feb 1957)
1920s – 1930s
Born in Canada but raised in England. Author of three novels—The Earthen Lot (1928), tracing a girl from childhood to motherhood, Small Town (1932), which follows three sisters in a Canadian town, and Grand Harbour (1934). She later published a biography, Miledi: Being the Strange Story of Emy Lyon, A Blacksmith's Daughter who Became Emma, Lady Hamilton (1942).

FIELD, CHRISTINE (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of ???)
Author of a single novel, Half a Gipsy (1916), apparently set among Russian peasants, but the real-life mystery behind it may be more interesting. According to news stories, the novel was submitted from Moscow as an entry in a contest sponsored by Andrew Melrose & Co. It didn’t win, but an editor later came across it and liked it, only to find that they were unable to trace the author. Their search, which garnered some publicity, resulted only in a visit from an anonymous woman who claimed the author was her adopted sister, who had gone to Russia as a governess. She reportedly refused to reveal more, and insisted that Field’s true identity should remain a mystery, with proceeds going to the Red Cross. Apparently the mystery has never been solved, though another newspaper report suggests the author may have died of pneumonia in Canada.

FIELD, KATHERINE [MARY IDA] (25 Sept 1875 – 26 Aug 1957)
Author of three mysteries during World War II—Disappearance of a Niece (1941), The Two-Five to Mardon (1942), and Murder to Follow (1944). The first two are set in the midst of the war and concern fifth columnists, Nazis, and intrigue, while the last concerns a baby lost in the chaos of immediate pre-war evacuations.

FIELD, MARGARET C[ECILE]. (1 Jul 1903 – 5 Jul 1974)
(married name Sheminant [husband later legally changed name to Field])
1920s – 1930s
Possibly an actress or performer in early years, and author of eight girls' school stories and one additional children's book. Titles are The Taming of Teresa (1926), A Strange Term (1927), Freda at School (1927), Cecile at St Clare's (1929), A Risky Term (193?), Hilary of Taunton (1931), Madelaine of the Middle Fourth (1934), The Franklin Mystery (1935), and The Rival Schools (1936).

FIELDEN, OLGA (1903 - 1973)
(married name Lamond)
Irish author of two novels—Island Story (1933) and Stress (1936)—which were praised for their realism in dealing with ordinary Ulster life. She wrote at least one full length play, Three to Go (1950), as well as later one-act plays for the BBC. She reportedly wrote a third novel, Liam Donne, which remained unpublished due to WWII.

FIELDING, A. (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of Dorothy Feilding)
1920s – 1940s
Untraced author of more than two dozen mysteries, whose real identity remains shrouded in obscurity despite much research and speculation. The Library of Congress identifies the author as Algernon Fielding, but this has been determined to be incorrect, as has an attribution to a Lady Dorothea Feilding who died in Ireland in the 1930s. Researcher John Herrington believes she is indeed a Dorothy Feilding, and has traced where she was living for a number of years in the 1930s as well as the fact that she almost certainly was or had been married to an A. Fielding, but little beyond that can be discovered. Her work, however, has been made available in e-book format in recent years. Titles include The Charteris Mystery (1925), The Net around Joan Ingilby (1928), Murder at the Nook (1929), The Craig Poisoning Mystery (1930), The Upfold Farm Mystery (1931), The Westwood Mystery (1932), The Cautley Conundrum (1934), Tragedy at Beechcroft (1935), Mystery at the Rectory (1936), Black Cats Are Lucky (1937), Murder in Suffolk (1939), and Pointer to a Crime (1944).

FIELDING, ANN (ANITA) MARY (5 Feb 1907 – 6 Jun 1993)
(married name Mostyn)
1940s – 1950s
Author of three novels. The Mayfair Squatters (1945) is about a diverse group of people who take over an empty London house during World War II. The Noxious Weed (1951) is about a British family becoming tobacco growers in Africa, while Ashanti Blood (1952) is apparently set among gold miners in Africa. Scholar Elizabeth Maslen sees the last as distinctly racist, noting that "Fielding represents the extreme of inbuilt prejudice," though in his review of The Noxious Weed John Betjeman had praised Fielding's portrayal of the growth of racism and insensitivity in a family initially horrifed by British treatment of the locals. Fielding herself spent some portion of her life in Kenya. According to contemporary reviews, she claimed descent from Henry Fielding.

Finch, Anne
          see NICHOLSON, MARY (1908-1995)

FINDLATER, MARY [WILLIAMINA] (28 Mar 1865 – 22 Nov 1963) & JANE [HELEN] (4 Nov 1866 – 20 May 1946)
1890s – 1920s
Novelist sisters raised in Lochearnhead in Scotland, who published around 20 volumes of fiction between them, including at least three collaborations. ODNB describes their work as Victorian in style but featuring surprisingly modern heroines. Their most famous work is Crossriggs (1908), a collaboration which was reprinted by Virago in the 1980s, and which OCEF describes as "partly a lightly told vignette of Scottish village life at the turn of the century, sharp in its observation of local values and prejudices, and partly a despairing exploration of the lonely situation of an articulate and emotional woman who lacks the conventional romantic appeal of either femininity or wealth." Other novels published together or separately include The Green Graves of Balgowrie (1896), The Rose of Joy (1903), A Blind Bird's Nest (1907), Content with Flies (1916), and Beneath the Visiting Moon (1923). The sisters never married, though ODNB reports that Mary was once briefly engaged, but broke it off because she couldn't be parted from Jane, after which they joked that their only option would be to marry a Mormon.

FINDLAY, MARY (dates unknown)
Untraced author of a single short romance, The Girl at Drumcorrie (1928).

Finlay, Fiona

FINLAY, VIOLET VIVIAN (2 Jan 1914 – 18 Aug 1986)
(married names Stuart and Mann, aka Barbara Allen, aka Fiona Finlay, aka William Stuart Long, aka Alex Stuart, aka Robyn Stuart, aka V. A. Stuart, aka Vivian Stuart)
1950s – 1990s
Author of more than 50 volumes of romantic and historical fiction. Her many pseudonyms are challenging to unpack, and the situation is complicated by the fact that some books seem to have been reprinted under alternate titles and even under alternate pseudonyms. But titles include The Captain's Table (1953), Island for Sale (1955), A Cruise for Cinderella (1956), Doctor Lucy (1956), The Peacock Pagoda (1959), Castle in the Mist (1959), The Gay Gordons (1961), Doctor Mary Courage (1962), The Valiant Sailors (1966), Bachelor of Medicine (1966), A Sunset Touch (1972), Victory at Sebastopol (1973), The Heroic Garrison (1975), Buccaneer's Lady (1981), and Mutiny in Meerut (1991).

FINLAY, WINIFRED [LINDSAY CRAWFORD] (27 Apr 1910 – 25 Sept 1989)
(née McKissack)
1950s – 1980s
Author of more than 20 volumes of adventure and mystery fiction for children, as well as several collections of folktales, many of which she collected from oral sources. Her titles include The Witch of Redesdale (1951), Peril in Lakeland (1953), Cotswold Holiday (1954), Judith in Hannover (1955), The Cruise of the Susan (1958), The Castle and the Cave (1961), Mystery in the Middle Marches (1965), Danger at Black Dyke (1968), Summer of the Golden Stag (1969), and Beadbonny Ash (1973). She wrote several series for the BBC Children's Hour. In the 1970s, she co-authored, with Gillian Hancock, several collections of themed stories, including ghosts, treasure hunters, and dog stories. She also published several late volumes of fantasy fiction, including Secret Rooms and Hiding Places (1982).

Firebrace, Ethel

Famous for an affair with novelist Wyndham Lewis and for her one novel, Jam To-day (1931), which viciously satirized the London literary scene, Firminger reportedly worked on other novels, but none were finished. In later life, she worked in a department store. You can read more about her tumultuous life

FISHER, BERTHA MARY (1859 – 3 Apr 1914)
Author of two (or perhaps three) children's titles, including The Player (1911) and An Unpopular Schoolgirl (1913), about twins switching places at school. Sims and Clare came across references to a third title, Honour and Dishonour, which they were unable to trace.

FISK, DOROTHY MARY (13 May 1892 – 13 Nov 1972)
(married name Stephens)
1930s, 1950s
Author of several works about science for children, one play, The Secondary Wife (1955), and what appears to be an early novel, The Golden Isle (1930). Another later work, Bouquet for the Doctor (1954), could also be fiction.

Fiske, Sharon
                   see HILL, PAMELA

Fitt, Mary
          see FREEMAN, KATHLEEN

FITZGERALD, BARBARA (16 Dec 1911 – 21 May 1982)
(full name Barbara Fitzgerald Somerville, née Gregg)
1940s, 1980s
Irish author of two novels, We Are Besieged (1946) and Footprints Upon Water (1983), both dealing with "big house" life in Ireland during and after the unrest of the 1910s and 1920s. They were both reprinted by Somerville Press in the early 2010s, to considerable acclaim.

FITZGERALD, EILEEN (28 Feb 1872 – 24 Mar 1947)
(pseudonym of Lilian Alleyne Estelle Fitzgerald, née Jack, aka Lilian Clifford)
1900s – 1930s
Author of fifteen novels, at least some of which appear to be cheerful romances. Titles are The Heart of a Butterfly (1908), A Fetish of Truth (1909), A Wayfaring Woman (1917), Eleanor's Husband (1918), Thistledown (1918), Judith Kersley, Spinster (1922), A Company of Sinners (1927), A Modern Adam (1927), Little Matters (1927), Love's Tragedy (1929), The New Law (1930), The Second Adventure (1931), The Way of a Fool (1933), Little French Girl (1936), and Mainly About Peter (1937).

FITZGERALD, ENA (5 Oct 1889 – 10 Jan 1962)
(pseudonym of Georgina Fitzgerald MacMillan, née Galaher)
1900s – 1910s
Author of three Edwardian novels about which little information is available—Patcola: A Tale of a Dead City (1908), The Witch Queen of Khem: A Tale of a Wrong Made Right (1909), and And the Stars Fought: A Romance (1912).

FITZGERALD, ERROL (c1865 – 6 Jun 1953)
(pseudonym of Josephine Fitzgerald Clarke, née Moylan)
1920s – 1950s
Author of more than 40 Mills & Boon romances. Titles include Harvests of Deceit (1929), Dear Hatred (1930), Storms of Fate (1931), Gleanings of Passion (1932), The Whispering Witness (1934), Love Lies Deep (1935), Truth is Whispered (1936), Errant Wife (1938), Hasty Repentance (1939), Flight From Marriage (1941), The Secret Tenant (1943), Faithless Charmer (1945), A Borrowed Coat (1947), The Price of Silence (1950), and Beloved Deceiver (1951). Her birthday seems to have been 23 May, but the year is still uncertain.

FITZGERALD, SHEILA (1903 - 1940)
(pseudonym of Kathleen Maeve O'Callaghan)
Author of three novels. The first, Hungarian Rhapsody (1934), is set among two feuding Hungarian families in Budapest, the Riviera, and the countryside of Hungary. Bookman called it "a first-class piece of work." The others are Wild Fruits (1935), and Snowed Under (1936). She died in Ireland, but I've found no information about the cause of her premature death.

FITZPATRICK, LUCY GLADYS (24 Jun 1892 – 24 Jun 1970)
Author of one girls' school story, Sonia's First Term (1927), about an American girl who comes to a boarding school in Liverpool.

Fitzroy, A. T.
          see ALLATINI, ROSE

FITZROY, OLIVIA [GWYNETH ZOE] (27 May 1921 – 24 Dec 1969)
(married name Bates)
1940s – 1950s
Author of eight children's titles, most centered around the Stewart family, loosely based on the author's own family. According to the Fidra Books website, the family would holiday in the Scottish Highlands in the summer, but with the outbreak of war the family relocated there year round. The area was remote, and FitzRoy's first book, Orders to Poach (1941), was written to entertain her sisters. Her other books are Steer by the Stars (1944), House in the Hills (1946), The Hill War (1950), Wandering Star (1953), The Island of Birds (1954), Wagons & Horses (1955), and The Hunted Head (1956). She appears to have stopped writing after her 1956 marriage and sadly died of cancer at age 48.

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