Tuesday, January 1, 2013

British & Irish Women Writers of Fiction 1910-1960 (Fl - Gi)

For more information about this list, please see the introduction, linked below. 

You can download the entire list in a single PDF. Clicking on the link below will open a Google Docs page displaying the entire list in PDF. To save a copy of the PDF, just click on the little down arrow in the upper left. You can also print the list from the Google Docs page, but be warned that it now weighs in at 544 pages! 


[Current total: 2,391 writers] 

UPDATED 2/29/2024


FLANEUSE (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of ?  Maud Yardley?  Elinor Glyn?)
1910s - 1930
Pseudonym used for twenty works of fiction. The author remains untraced, and OCEF speculates that more than one author could have written under the name. Maud YARDLEY and/or Elinor GLYN, whose works were often advertised alongside those of Flaneuse, are possible candidates. Original dates of publication of many of the books are uncertain, but titles include Scored!, The Triumphant Woman, Guilty Splendour, Peril's Pathway, The Yellow Fairy, Blue Beauty, and Doubly Tied.

Flaxman, Anna
          see CAMPION, SARAH

FLEMING, ALISON (28 Jan 1895 – 2 Oct 1972)
(pseudonym of Lucy Mary Cummings)
1930s – 1940s
Scottish author of four novels which, judging by a Sydney Morning Herald review of the first, Christina Strang (1936), are rather dark in theme. The other titles are The Strawberry Field (1937), Gooseberry Green (1946), and Common Day (1947).

FLEMING, HUGH (23 Aug 1882 – 21 Nov 1958)
(pseudonym of Frances Dorothy Hague)
Poet and author of two collections of stories, Candied Fruits (1923) and Octave (1924), about which little information is available.

FLEMING, JOAN [MARGARET] (27 Mar 1908 – 15 Nov 1980)
(née Gibson)
1940s – 1970s
Author of about 40 volumes of fiction, most mysteries, which are notable for their variety of style and approach. Maiden's Prayer (1957) deals with a middle-aged spinster in peril, and the Times Literary Supplement said of it: "The atmosphere of the shabby Georgian house in London and the suspense created by Miss Maiden's extreme vulnerability are well conveyed." The Man from Nowhere (1960) deals with a newcomer in an English village, who becomes the prime suspect when a murder occurs. Midnight Hag (1966) focuses on the return of a former resident to the village in which his wife died many years before. Two of her books—When I Grow Rich (1962) and Nothing Is the Number When You Die (1965)—feature Turkish philosopher Nuri Iskirlak, and have been praised for their explorations of Eastern vs. Western attitudes. Other mysteries include Two Lovers Too Many (1949), The Gallows in My Garden (1951), Polly Put the Kettle On (1952), Malice Matrimonial (1959), Death of a Sardine (1963), Dirty Butter for Servants (1972), and Too Late! Too Late! The Maiden Cried (1975). Fleming began her career with several works for children, including the "Cronian Quartet," comprised of Mulberry Hall (1945), The Riddle in the River (1946), Button Jugs (1947), and The Jackdaw's Nest (1949).

FLEMING, RUTH (dates unknown)
1930s - 1940s
Unidentified author of 10 romantic novels. A publisher's ad for The Hedge of Thorns (1941) describes it as "[a] stormy love-story ending in the peace brought by courage; the tale of a young Scots nurse and her patient." The other titles are The Second Mrs Elliot (1937), Ropes of Sand (1938), Rich Men's Houses (1938), Squire of Wynfield (1940), Enter Elisabeth (1940), Carol Lindsay (1941), The Grandisons of Greystones (1942), Penelope Seton (1942), and Clare Hamilton (1943).

FLETCHER, MEREDITH (29 Nov 1871 – 19 Mar 1942)
(pseudonym of Mary Fletcher Kitchin)
1900s – 1910s
Author of five boys' school stories—Every Inch a Briton (1900), Uncle Bob: A Tale of Hazelton School (1901), Jefferson Junior (1905), The Pretenders (1908), and Iredale Minor (1912)

FOLEY, HELEN (23 Jul 1917 – 11 Mar 2007)
(pseudonym of Helen Rosa Fowler, née Huxley, aka Helen Huxley)
1940s – 1970s
Author of nine novels. A Handful of Time (1961) was a Book Society Choice and deals with two women before and after WWII in and around Cambridge, where Foley herself lived at the time. The Traverse (1960) and Fort of Silence (1963) are about troubled marriages, and Between the Parties (1958) about an affair, while The Grand-Daughter (1965) seems to be set in Scotland and deals with a young girl's first love. Her debut, Summer Drift (1946), appeared under her maiden name. The other novels are The Bright Designs (1969), The Pitcher Plant (1973), and Come to Grief (1976). Foley spent some time, perhaps during World War II, working for the Ministry of Information.

FORBES, ANGELA [SELINA BIANCA] (11 Jun 1876 – 22 Oct 1950)
(née St. Clair-Erskine)
1910s – 1920s
Organizer of World War I catering services and author of four risqué (for their time) novels, which she herself later described as pot-boilers, including The Broken Commandment (1910), The Other Woman's Shadow (1912), and Should She Have Spoken? (1923). Her memoirs—Memories and Base Details (1921) and Fore and Aft (1932)—are perhaps similarly scandalous. Interestingly for Da Vinci Code aficionados, her funeral took place at Rosslyn Chapel.

Forbes, Diana
          see NICHOLSON, C[ELIA]. A[NNA].

FORBES, EVELYN [ERSKINE] (28 May 1899 – 1989)
(née Hill)
Vogue editor and author of beauty and diet books, as well as one girls' career story, Brenda Buys a Beauty Salon (1954).

FORBES, HELEN [EMILY] (13 Dec 1874 – 13 Oct 1926)
(née Craven, aka Helen Craven)
1890s – 1910s
Author of nine novels, of which OCEF says her "characterization and plots are conventional, but her dialogue is intelligent and humorous." The first three—Notes of a Music-Lover (1897), Katharine Cromer (1897), and The Outcast Emperor (1900)—were published under her maiden name. The others are His Eminence: A Story of Last Century (1904), The Provincials (1905), It's a Way They Have in the Army (1905), Lady Marion and the Plutocrat (1906), The Bounty of the Gods (1910), and The Polar Star (1911). Her final work was a volume of poetry, The Saga of the Seventh Division (1920).

FORBES, [JOAN] ROSITA (16 Jan 1890 – 30 Jun 1967)
(née Torr, later married name McGrath)
1920s – 1930s
Adventurer, travel writer, biographer, and novelist. She was a trail-blazing traveler at a time when few women were exploring lesser-known parts of Asia, the tropics, and the Arab world. Travel titles include Unconducted Wanderers (1919), The Secret of the Sahara (1921), From Red Sea to Blue Nile (1925), Adventure, Being a Gipsy Salad (1928), Forbidden Road—Kabal to Sarmarkand (1937), and A Unicorn in the Bahamas (1939). Her most controversial work was Women Called Wild (1935), which specifically focused on the conditions of women in other parts of the world, including Arab slaves, Java witches, and revolutionaries in Russia. She also published nearly a dozen novels, which seem to have garnered lukewarm reactions as fiction but contained vivid details drawn from her own travels. In The Extraordinary House (1934), her one foray into the mystery genre, set in South America, an English widow tires of travel and rents a house alleged to be haunted by a Spanish duke, with a very real murder following. Other titles include The Jewel in the Lotus (1922), Quest: The Story of Anne, Three Men, and Some Arabs (1933), A Fool's Hell (1923), Sirocco (1927, aka Pursuit), and The Cavaliers of Death (1930). She published two volumes of memoir—Gypsy in the Sun (1944) and Appointment with Destiny (1946), later published in a single abridged volume as Appointment in the Sun (1949).

FORBES, MRS. WALTER R. D. (1860 – 18 Apr 1924)
(pseudonym of Eveline Louisa Forbes, née Farwell)
1880s – 1910s
Author of ten novels about which little information is available—Fingers and Fortune (1886), Her Last Run (1889), Blight (1897), A Gentleman (1900), Dumb (1901), Unofficial (1902), Vane Royal (1908), Leroux (1908), Nameless (1909), and His Alien Enemy (1918).

FORBES-ROBERTSON, DIANA (26 Dec 1914 – 9 Dec 1987)
(married name Sheean)
1940s, 1960s
Wife of journalist Douglas Sheean and member of a prominent acting dynasty, including father Johnston Forbes-Robertson, mother Gertrude Forbes-Robertson, and aunt Maxine Elliott. Author of a single novel, A Cat and a King (1949), which I reviewed here, the clever, well-written tale of a young woman who becomes enmeshed with a famous acting family (not unlike the author's own) and a children's book, Footlights for Jean (1963). She also edited War Letters from Britain (1942) and published The Battle of Waterloo Road (1941), in which her narrative of the Blitz and its effects on the people of working-class Lambeth is accompanied by the photographs of Robert Capa. She also published Maxine (1964, aka My Aunt Maxine), about her actress aunt. She's also the niece of novelist Frances FORBES-ROBERTSON and sister of Jean FORBES-ROBERTSON, who played Peter Pan on the London stage and published a children's book. She became a naturalized American citizen in 1959.

(married name Harrod, aka Frances Harrod)
1880s – 1930s
Sister of actor Johnston Forbes-Robertson and aunt of Diana FORBES-ROBERTSON and Jean FORBES-ROBERTSON. Author of thirteen novels. The Hidden Model (1901) is about an artist sheltering a woman murderer, with whom he becomes obsessed. The Horrible Man (1913) was described by Saturday Review as an "allegory of the rise of the militant female." Other titles are In Herself Complete (1888), Odd Stories (1897), The Potentate (1898), Mother Earth (1902), What We Dream (1903), The Taming of the Brute (1905), The Wanton (1909), The Triumphant Rider (1925), Trespass (1928), Stained Wings (1930), and Temperament (1934).

FORBES-ROBERTSON, JEAN (16 Mar 1905 – 24 Dec 1962)
(married names Hamilton and Van Gysegam, erroneously listed in British Library catalogue as "Forres Robertson")
Daughter of actors Johnston Forbes-Robertson and Gertrude Forbes-Robertson, niece of author Frances FORBES-ROBERTSON, and sister of novelist and journalist Diana FORBES-ROBERTSON. She was herself an actress and played Peter Pan on the London stage. She also published one children’s book, Chowry, and Idle's Islands: Two Tales of Fantasy (1953).

Ford, Elbur
          see HIBBERT, ELEANOR

Ford, Elizabeth

FORD, ROSEMARY (dates unknown)
Author of two girls' school stories—The Joy School (1947) and Trio Fights Back (1947). Of the former, Sims and Clare said it was "unsure whether it wants to be The Madcap of the School or Regiment of Women." The latter is a spy thriller.

FORDE, A[DRIENNE]. RUBY (1893 - ????)
(née Jackson [uncertain but probable identification])
Dublin-born author of a single girls' school story, Cherry Jam at Glencastle (1945) about a bestselling girls' author masquerading as a schoolgirl at an Irish boarding school. Forde may also be the author of St. Aidan & St. Colman, about Ireland's contributions to British culture.

FOREST, ANTONIA (26 May 1915 – 29 Nov 2003)
(pseudonym of Patricia Giulia Caulfield Kate Rubinstein)
1940s – 1980s
Originally setting out, unsuccessfully, to write for adults, Forest found success with her series of more than a dozen children's titles about the eight Marlow children, beginning with Autumn Term (1948). Several of the books take place at school, and Forest is widely considered one of the very best school story authors. The other titles are The Marlows and the Traitor (1953), Falconer's Lure (1957), End of Term (1959), Peter's Room (1961), The Thursday Kidnapping (1963), The Thuggery Affair (1965), The Ready-Made Family (1967), The Player's Boy (1970), The Players and the Rebels (1971), The Cricket Term (1974), The Attic Term (1976), and Run Away Home (1982).

(real name Elsie, née Mackenzie)
Author of a single novel, 'Ware Wolf (1928), which, according to a contemporary review, "tries to reconcile the old Were Wolf legend with modern science and constructs a romance on this subject which has as a background the conspiracy for a world revolution."

FORMAN, CHARLOTTE (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of a single novel, A Good Heart to Life (1946), about which I've found no information. Forman seems to have contributed short fiction to Woman's Magazine when it was edited by Anne HEPPLE.

FORREST, CAROL (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of Margaret Tennyson)
Once incorrectly identified as a pseudonym of Catherine CHRISTIAN and still untraced in public records. Author of six volumes of children's fiction, some focused on Guiding. The House of Simon (1942) is a wartime tale of abandoned children making their own home during the Blitz. Her other titles are Two Rebels and a Pilgrim (1941), Patteran Patrol (1944), Fortune's Coin (1945), Caravan School (1946), and The Quest of the Curlews (1947). The British Library catalogue shows a single children's book credited to a Margaret Tennyson, The Silver Secret (1959), but it's unclear if this is the same author writing under her real name or a completely different person.

(pseudonym of Gwendolen Hudson Lewis [18 Jan 1892 - 1985] and Florence Jacoba Watson [1880 - 8 May 1963])
1920s – 1940s
Little is known about these collaborators, who published seven novels in all. Their debut, Ways of Escape (1926), is described as a fictitious biography of an ogre-ish man. Their other titles are Background (1929), Brother Fool (1931), The Ferryman (1934), The Man That Looked on Glass (1937), Riding Alone (1938), and There Comes Another Day (1941).

FORRESTER, HELEN (6 Jun 1919 – 24 Nov 2011)
(married name Bhatia, aka J. Rana, aka June Bhatia, aka June Edwards)
1950s – 2000s
Novelist and memoirist best known for her four volumes of memoirs about her childhood and youth in Liverpool—Twopence to Cross the Mersey (1974), Minerva's Stepchild (1979), By the Waters of Liverpool (1981), and Lime Street at Two (1985). She also published 10 novels, including several under her pseudonyms. Titles are Alien There Is None (1959, aka Thursday's Child), which deals with English/Indian intermarriage, The Latchkey Kid (1971), Most Precious Employee (1976), Liverpool Daisy (1979), Three Women of Liverpool (1984), set in Liverpool in 1941, The Moneylenders of Shahpur (1987), Yes, Mama (1988), The Lemon Tree (1990), The Liverpool Basque (1993), and A Cuppa Tea and an Aspirin (2003).

FORRESTER, MARY (1872 – 17 Jun 1948)
(full name Matilda Amelia Henrietta Forrester, née Fielding)
1920s – 1930s
Author of five novels which seem to lean toward melodrama. The first, The Priceless Heritage (1927), published when Forrester was in her mid-50s, is about a self-sacrificing young widow with newborn twins who remarries out of a sense of duty. In The Garden of Peace (1928), a formerly wealthy young woman is left penniless, marries unhappily, then seeks happiness in the arms of an old beau. The Gleam (1930) is a drama involving the challenges facing well-to-do twins with very different personalities. The Seer (1935), described as “romance in the Rider Haggard tradition,” is a sort of lost civilization story, about a South American village where all inhabitants are blind. And Wendersley (1936) is about a botanist returning, with difficulties, to England after 30 years abroad. She was a challenge to identify at first, but happily a review of one of her novels mentioned that she was the sister of diplomat Sir Charles William Fielding and the pieces fell into place. Her family reportedly traced its ancestry directly back to novelist Henry Fielding.

FORSEY, MAUDE S[ARAH]. (30 Aug 1885 – 7 Feb 1974)
(born "Maud", married name Lane)
1920s – 1930s
Author of two girls' school stories—Mollie Hazledene's Schooldays (1924) and Norah O'Flanigan, Prefect (1937)—which are praised by Sims and Clare. She also wrote several books aimed at younger children. She was apparently a schoolteacher herself. I wrote about the earlier book here.

FORSTER, DAPHNE K[ATHLEEN]. (3 Sept 1905 - 2006)
(married names Goodman and Clay)
1930s – 1950s, 1980s
Author of eight novels. Strangers All (1937) is the story of a scandal and its effects on the guests at a house party. Faulty Mosaic (1937) follows the romance of a young woman artist, while Westward Comes the Light (1942), set partly in Switzerland, deals with the secrets of a governess. The Sandalwood Gate (1947) seems to be set in a fictional Arabian world, and Hidden Cities (1950) in a mixed English and Indian community in Bengal. Twin Giants (1952) deals with a group of discontented people who encounter tragedy on a Himalayan expedition. The Horse-Leech's Daughters (1955) is about passions set loose in the Cotswolds. I’ve not found any details about her much later final novel, The Pool of Narcissus (1985).

FORSYTH GRANT, ANN [MCKERRELL] (26 Jan 1859 – 18 Sept 1929)
(née Brown)
1890s – 1920s
Author of several boys' school stories, including The Boys at Penrohn (1893), The Hero of Crampton School (1895), Burke's Chum (1896), Chums at Last (1905), and The Beresford Boys (1906), as well as two later adult novels, Rosemary: A Pre-War Story (1926) and The Road to Tarfe (1928). Her school stories were illustrated by her son, and one wonders if this is the same son she memorialized in Ivor: A Recollection (1918)—perhaps a war casualty?

FORTUNE, DION (6 Dec 1890 – 8 Jan 1946)
(pseudonym of Violet Mary Firth, married name Evans, aka V. M. Steele)
1920s – 1930s, 1950s
Writer who focused on mysticism and the occult in numerous works of non-fiction, as well as six volumes of fiction—The Secrets of Dr. Taverner (1926), The Demon Lover (1927), The Winged Bull (1935), The Goat-Foot God (1936), The Sea Priestess (1938), and Moon Magic (1956).

FOSTER, FRANCES G[EORGE]. KNOWLES (15 May 1884 – 21 Oct 1926)
Author of two early Mills & Boon titles, Jehanne of the Golden Lips (1910) and The Written Law (1912).

FOSTER, GRACE (dates unknown)
1920s – 1930s
Untraced author of nearly twenty romances, probably inexpensive paperbacks, including She Would Be a Swell (1920), The Whip Hand (1920), Whirlwind Pixie (1923), The Odd Girl (1923), Her Daring Refusal (1924), Jealous of Her Sister (1926), His People Against Her (1927), and Gipsy (1933).

FOUNTAIN, SYBIL [MARY] (15 Apr 1890 – 27 Aug 1977)
Composer and author of three novels. The Echoing Man (1933), “a genuinely witty, if occasionally slightly acid piece of comedy” about a man whose self-esteem rests on the opinions of others.
Open the Cage (1934) is about a frustrated wife and mother who rediscovers her artistic abilities. Monks Charity (1937), “a story of infinite charm and quiet humour,” about a family living in the English village of Monks Charity.

FOWELL, OLIVIA (16 Jun 1876 – 19 Jun 1953)
1900s – 1920s
A contemporary of Angela BRAZIL, Fowell published seven children's titles, including five school stories which reflect the evolution of girls' schools—Her First Term (1906), Patricia's Promotion (1907), The Doings of Dorothea (1912), The Girls of Tredennings (1926), and The Latimer Scholarship (1929). Her other two titles are Brave Girls All (1912) and The Mystery of Barwood Hall (1920).

FOWKES, ELLEN M[AUDE]. (25 Dec 1890 - 1978)
(married name Wilson? [uncertain but probable identification])
Author of two novels—Second Love (1920) and Looms of Destiny (1926). The latter is a historical novel about the Manchester Radicals.

FOWLER, EDITH HENRIETTA (16 Feb 1865 – 18 Nov 1944)
(married name Hamilton)
1890s – 1920s
Sister of Ellen FOWLER. Now best known for her children's book The Young Pretenders (1895), a Persephone selection, Fowler published six other volumes of fiction, including another children's title, The Professor's Children (1897), and several novels for adults which, according to ODNB, "deal with the romantic problems of high-minded and politically active Christian members of the upper class." Titles are A Corner of the West (1899), The World and Winstow (1901), For Richer For Poorer (1905), Patricia (1915), and Christabel (1921).

FOWLER, ELLEN [THORNEYCROFT] (9 Apr 1860 – 22 Jun 1929)
(married name Felkin)
1890s – 1920s
Sister of Edith Henrietta FOWLER. Author of several early volumes of poetry and nine novels known for lively dialogue and, in the case of the final two—Miss Fallowfield's Fortune (1908) and Her Ladyship's Conscience (1913)—for lightly feminist themes. The other novels are Concerning Isabel Carnaby (1898), A Double Thread (1899), The Farringdons (1900), Fuel of Fire (1902), Place and Power (1903), Kate of Kate Hall (1904, co-written with her husband Alfred Laurence Felkin), and Signs and Wonders (1926).

FOX, CECILY (dates unknown)
Untraced author of two children's titles—That New Girl Anna (1930), about a young queen in disguise at a boarding school, and Eve Plays Her Part (1934).

FOX, MARION [INEZ DOUGLAS] (21 Aug 1885 – 15 Oct 1973)
(married name Ward)
1910s – 1920s
Author of seven novels. Her first three were historical in subject—The Seven Nights (1910) is set during the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, The Hand of the North (1911) is about Queen Elizabeth and the Earl of Essex, and The Bountiful Hour (1912) follows a young 18th century girl from childhood to marriage. Fox's remaining novels turned to the supernatural, most famously in Ape’s Face (1914), which is about a family haunted by a curse and which is the only one of Fox's novels to be reprinted in recent years. The Mystery Keepers (1919) and The Luck of the Town (1922) deal similarly with curses and ghostly presences, the latter at a university built on the site of Roman ruins. Her final novel was Aunt Isabel's Love (1928).

FRANCIS, CAROLINE (dates unknown)
(pseudonym of ?????)
Author of two mystery novels—Directors' Corridor (1936) and It Couldn't Be Suicide (1936). In the first, an unpopular secretary is found dead in the company boardroom, and in the second murder, a castle, and a gang of smugglers figure prominently. Of the latter, a contemporary critic said, "True, the central feature of the book is to be found in the murders and smuggling, but Caroline Francis has infused a happy atmosphere of humour and some effective work into the book, apart from the mysterious happenings, which dovetail naturally into the plan of things." John Herrington was able to discover that Francis was the pseudonym of a secretary for Vacuum Oil, a company that later became Mobil, but we couldn't identify her any further.

FRANCIS, JOY (1 Nov 1888 – 25 Apr 1978)
(pseudonym of Olive Sarah Folds, née Hill)
1920s – 1930s
Author of five girls' school stories, the first two of which—The Greystone Girls (1928) and Biddy at Greystone (1929)—are linked, while the others—The Girls of the Rose Dormitory (1930), Rosemary at St Anne's (1932), and Patsy at St Anne's (1936)—are stand-alone tales. Some of the titles were reprinted in the 1940s and 1950s.

Francis, Dora B.
          see CHAPMAN, DORA [BARR]

FRANCIS, M. E. (1859 – 9 Mar 1930)
(pseudonym of Mary Sweetman Blundell, aka Mary Blundell)
1880s – 1920s
Author of more than 50 volumes of fiction for children and adults, both as sole author and, in later years, in collaboration with her daughters Margaret BLUNDELL and Agnes BLUNDELL. Her work often focuses on rural or village life. Titles include Whither? (1892), A Daughter of the Soil (1895), Miss Erin (1898), The Manor Farm (1902), Wild Wheat (1905), Hardy-on-the-Hill (1908), Noblesse Oblige (1909), The Story of Mary Dunne (1913), Dark Rosaleen (1915), A Maid o' Dorset (1917), Renewal (1921), Napoleon of the Looms (1925), and Mossoo: A Comedy of a Lancashire Village (1927).

Frank, Theodore

FRANKAU, JULIA (30 Jul 1859 – 17 Mar 1916)
(née Davis, aka Frank Danby)
1880s – 1910s
Grandmother of Pamela FRANKAU and author of sometimes controversial novels. Her debut, Dr. Phillips: A Maida Vale Idyll (1887), offended the Jewish community in London (of which Frankau was a member) as well as being deemed immoral. Joseph in Jeopardy (1912), about the attempted seduction of a married man, was also a daring work for the time. Other titles include A Babe in Bohemia (1889), Pigs in Clover (1903), Baccarat (1904), An Incomplete Etonian (1909), Let the Roof Fall In (1910), Concert Pitch (1913), and Full Swing (1914).

FRANKAU, PAMELA [SYDNEY] (8 Jan 1908 – 8 Jun 1967)
(married name Gill, aka Eliot Nayler)
1920s – 1960s
Author of more than 30 volumes of fiction, including, according to ODNB, 20 novels by the age of 32, "only three of which she cared to remember: She and I (1930), I Was the Man (1932), and Tassell-Gentle (1934)." Her most famous novels, reprinted by Virago in the 1980s and more recently, are The Willow Cabin (1949), about the actress second wife of a surgeon attempting to come to terms with her predecessor, The Winged Horse (1953), about a family tyrannically ruled by a successful newspaper mogul, and A Wreath for the Enemy (1954), about a young girl’s life-altering experiences one summer in the bohemian Riviera hotel owned by her parents. Frankau’s own favorite of her novels, The Bridge (1957), deals with Catholicism and bisexuality. It is perhaps somewhat autobiographical and an attempt to work through the conflicts between religion and sexuality, since Frankau herself was a passionate Catholic whose most successful romantic relationships, including the one that lasted for the final decade of her life (with Margaret Webster, daughter of actress Dame May Whitty), were with women. Frankau’s late trilogy, called Clothes of a King’s Son—comprised of Sing for Your Supper (1963), Slaves for the Lamp (1965), and Over the Mountains (1967)—is set in the 1930s and World War II and includes several gay and lesbian characters. She published a single novel, 1952's The Offshore Light, under her pseudonym. Her grandmother was Julia FRANKAU, her father was novelist Gilbert Frankau, and her sister Ursula also published three novels as Mary NICHOLSON (1906-1980).

Author of two novels—Dalehead (1955) and His Father's Son (1958)—both realistic tales set among Westmorland farming communities.

FRASER, CICELY E. C. (?1914 - ?1950)
(uncertain but probable identification)
Author of a single girls' school story, Feuds and Friendships (1935). Fraser also wrote a non-fiction work about nurseries and nursery schools, called First—The Infant (1943). John Herrington found that she was the sister of a Professor Lindley Fraser of Aberdeen University, and the tentative dates above, but definite identification has not been possible.

Fraser, Jane
          see PILCHER, ROSAMUNDE

FRASER, MARGARET (dates unknown)
Untraced author of a single short romance, The Love Link (1934).

FRASER, MARY (dates unknown)
Untraced author of a single short romance, The Bride He Tried to Hide (1928).

FRASER, MARY [EMILY] (8 Apr 1851 – 7 Jun 1922)
(née Crawford, aka Mrs. Hugh Fraser)
1890s – 1910s
Wife of diplomat and author Hugh Fraser. Author of at least 18 novels, including two with J. I. Stahlmann (actually the pseudonym of her son John Crawford Fraser). Titles include The Brown Ambassador (1895), Palladia (1896), A Chapter of Accidents (1898), The Splendid Porsenna (1899), A Little Grey Sheep (1901), The Stolen Emperor (1903), The Heart of a Geisha (1908), The Golden Rose (1910), The Queen's Peril (1912), The Bale-Fire (1914), and The Pagans (1915). She published two memoirs, A Diplomatist's Wife in Japan (1899) and Further Reminiscences of a Diplomatist's Wife (1912), as well as several non-fiction works about Italy.

Fraser, Peter
          see COLES, P[HOEBE]. CATHERINE

FRASER-SIMSON, [ANNA] CICELY [MABEL] (1896 – 21 Feb 1959)
(née Devenish)
1920s – 1960s
Author of five novels and four children's books. Her debut, Footsteps in the Night (1926), was praised by Bookman for its likeable characters and realistic and compelling plot—I reviewed it here. The Swinging Shutter (1927) is an adventure set in London and the Scottish Highlands, “full of breathless moments and surprises.” Danger Follows (1929) tells of how its young heroine “played a lone hand, outwitted the gang, righted some old wrongs, and dealt with the young man who got engaged to someone else.” Count the Hours (1940), perhaps more psychological in tone, features two sisters, one good and one bad—and only one left alive at the end. Another Spring (1953), possibly romantic in nature, is about a young woman trying to forget the death of her father, and getting mixed up in other problems instead. Her children's titles are Canal Cats (1955), The Adventures of Golly Smith (1957), The Further Adventures of Golly Smith (1958), and Golly Smith and Bilbo (1962), the last completed by her goddaughter, Daphne Lee, after her death.

FRAYNE, ELIZABETH (dates unknown)
1930s – 1940s
Unidentified author of 10 romantic novels. Her debut, Change of Hearts (1936), is set in a London movie studio, while Marvell's of Mayfair (1937) is set in a beauty parlor and Champagne in Spring (1938) deals with a woman whose artistic success threatens her marriage. A short review in the Guardian describes the wartime Life Goes On (1941): "The four Brooke sisters in 'Life Goes On' are a bit 'awful and girlish,' to quote one of them—or three of them are—but their loves, which begin on a holiday in Cornwall from flower-shop keeping in Bayswater and 'go on' in spite of the war, are brightly told." Her other titles are Too Good to Lose (1936), A Year With Juliet (1937), Now It Can Be Told (1939), This Blind Rose (1940), Still Do I Love (1942), and Now the Spring (1942).

FREEMAN, GILLIAN (5 Dec 1929 – 23 Feb 2019)
(married name Thorpe, aka Eliot George, aka Elaine Jackson)
1950s – 2000s
Critic, biographer, screenwriter, and novelist. Perhaps best known for The Leather Boys (1961), written as "Eliot George," about a working class gay relationship, which was filmed in 1964. Other fiction includes The Liberty Man (1955), Fall of Innocence (1956), Jack Would Be a Gentleman (1959), The Campaign (1963), The Leader (1965), The Alabaster Egg (1970), The Marriage Machine (1975), Nazi Lady (1978, aka The Confessions of Elisabeth Von S.), An Easter Egg Hunt (1981), Love Child (1984, as Elaine Jackson), Termination Rock (1989), His Mistress's Voice (1999), and most recently But Nobody Lives in Bloomsbury (2006), a fictionalized account of the Bloomsbury Group. Several of her novels have been reprinted by Valancourt Books—see here. She also published a study of pornography, The Undergrowth of Literature (1967), and a critical study of the work of Angela Brazil (1976).

FREEMAN, KATHLEEN (22 Jun 1879 – 21 Feb 1959)
(aka Mary Fitt, Stuart Mary Wick, and Caroline Cory)
1920s - 1960
Classical scholar, children's author and novelist. Author of almost thirty crime novels using her Mary Fitt pseudonym, many featuring series character Inspector Mallet. Titles include Murder Mars the Tour (1936), Three Sisters Flew Home (1936), Bulls Like Death (1937), Expected Death (1938), Death Starts a Rumour (1940), Clues for Christabel (1944), Death and the Pleasant Voices (1946), A Fine and Private Place (1947), The Banquet Ceases (1949), Pity for Pamela (1950), Death and the Shortest Day (1952), Sweet Poison (1956), Mizmaze (1958), and There Are More Ways of Killing.... (1960). She also published seven mainstream novels—Martin Hanner: A Comedy (1926), Quarrelling with Lois (1928), This Love (1929), The Huge Shipwreck (1934), Adventure from the Grave (1936), Gown and Shroud (1947), and, under her Caroline Cory pseudonym, Doctor Underground (1956). Critics have compared Freeman's adult fiction to the likes of Elizabeth BOWEN and Dorothy SAYERS. Also using her Fitt pseudonym, she published a dozen volumes of children's fiction and non-fiction, including The Island Castle (1953), Annabella at the Lighthouse (1955), Annabella Takes a Plunge (1955), Annabella to the Rescue (1955), Pomeroy's Postscript (1955), The Turnip Watch (1956), Annabella and the Smugglers (1957), Man of Justice: The Story of Solon (1957), Vendetta (1957), Alfred the Great (1958), The Shifting Sands (1958), and The Great River (1959).

FREMLIN, CELIA [MARGARET] (20 Jun 1914 – 16 Jun 2009)
(married names Goller and Minchin)
1940s – 1990s
Author of sixteen novels, specializing in suspenseful stories focused on the fears and vulnerabilities of ordinary women. Her debut, The Hours Before Dawn (1958), is about a new mother who becomes convinced that her lodger is a threat to her and her infant. Others include Uncle Paul (1959), The Trouble-Makers (1963), Don't Go to Sleep in the Dark (1970), The Long Shadow (1975), With No Crying (1980), Listening in the Dusk (1990), and King of the World (1994). Though best known for her crime novels, Fremlin began her career with two significant works of non-fiction—The Seven Chars of Chelsea (1940), which details her experiences in domestic service, and War Factory (1943), a vivid view of wartime factory life written for Mass Observation. She later published a war memoir, Living Through the Blitz (1976). She was an advocate of assisted suicide, and claimed in an interview to have aided in four suicides.

French, Ashley
          see ROBINS, DENISE NAOMI

FRIEDLAENDER, V[IOLET]. H[ELEN]. (16 Jul 1878 – 23 Jun 1950)
Suffragette (who served four months in prison for smashing windows), poet and author of two novels. Mainspring (1922), which deals with suffragism, is noted in Nicola Beauman's A Very Great Profession. The Colour of Youth (1924) is a psychological look at two children raised in very different ways.

FRIEDMAN, [EVE] ROSEMARY (5 Feb 1929 -                      )
(née Tibber, aka Robert Tibber, aka Rosemary Tibber)
1950s – 2000s
Author of at least 20 novels, including family stories and many with medical themes or hospital settings. Titles include No White Coat (1958), We All Fall Down (1960), The Commonplace Day (1964), The Long Hot Summer (1980), Golden Boy (1994), and Intensive Care (2000). She also published two children's titles, Aristide (1966) and Aristide in Paris (1987), and wrote plays, screenplays, and a memoir, Life Is a Joke: A Writer's Memoir (2010).

FROME, A. D. (29 Mar 1887 – 1932)
(pseudonym of Agnes Dora Rimmer, née Steidelmann, aka Agnes Frome)
1920s – 1930s
Children’s writer and author of two novels. As Agnes Frome, she published a number of children’s books, including several in the Herbert Strangs series of readers, published by Oxford University Press. Titles include The Enchanted Oranges (1926), The Horse with the Green Nose (1927), Whiskers (1929), Bingo: The Story of a Monkey (1931), and The Disappearing Trick (1933). As A. D. Frome, she published two novels—In Sonia's Room (1928), set among a group of London artists, and Shining Sword (1931), about a young couple raised in an orphanage, who run away to London and marry, only to discover they are half-siblings. She may have led a rather bohemian life herself, working as an artist’s model and as a freelance writer. She married a painter, John Aloysius Rimmer, but also seems to have had a child with another artist, John Collard. Her identification was complicated by a theory that her pseudonym indicated origins near the town of Frome or near the Frome river; in fact, she was born in Liverpool and her pseudonym is an Anglicized version of her mother’s maiden name, Fromme. The cause of her premature death remains unclear.

Frome, Agnes
          see FROME, A. D.

FROW, M[ARION]. (dates unknown)
1940s – 1950s
Untraced author of eight children's books, including one school story, The Invisible Schoolgirl (1950), the plot of which Sims and Clare call "one of the silliest even in a genre renowned for silly plots." The others appear to be adventure tales—The Intelligence Corps and Anna (1944), The Intelligence Corps Saves the Island (1946), The Submerged Cave (1947), Four Stowaways and Anna (1947), Castle Adventure (1949), Five Robinson Crusoes (1950), and A Ghost for Christmas (1951). We know that she attended Manchester University, lived in France for a time, and married an army officer, but other details are lacking.

FRY, LEONORA (10 Jul 1913 - 1999)
(married name Osmin)
1930s – 1940s
Daughter of Bertha LEONARD and author of one girls' school story, For the School's Sake (1934), two other children's books—Through Peril for Prince Charlie (1937) and Cyril the Squirrel (1946)—and several entries in the non-fiction "Get to Know" series.

FRY, [ADELE] PAMELA (15 Oct 1916 - ????)
Author who straddles this list and its (so-far-nonexistent) Canadian equivalent—she was born in England and emigrated at age 12. She published two mystery novels, Harsh Evidence (1953) and The Watching Cat (1960), as well as—rather oddly, since she had lived in England and Canada, not the U.S.—a cookbook called Cooking the American Way (1963).

FULLER MAITLAND, ELLA [SOPHIA MAY] (8 Jan 1857 – 15 Nov 1939)
(née Chester)
1890s – 1900s, 1920s
Poet and author of at least three novels—Priors Roothing (1903), Blanche Esmead (1906), and The Clere Family, 1927 to 1928 (1929). She also published three volumes of philosophical musings and observations in the character of Bethia Hardcore (1895-1907), which might count as fiction. It's not clear how we should classify her other titles, The Saltonstall Gazette (1896), From My Window in Chelsea (1903), and By Land and By Water (1911).

FURLONG, AGNES (4 Sept 1907 – 25 Nov 1988)
(née Holroyd)
1940s – 1950s
Author of five children's titles, including a part-school story, The School Library Mystery (1951), as well as The Potato Riddle (1949), Stratford Adventure (1951), Sword of State: An Adventure in Coventry (1952), and Elizabeth Leaves School (1956). Furlong's husband was a lecturer and librarian at Coventry Training College, which may have influenced her library-related story. [Thank you to Pamela McKirdy of Wellington, New Zealand for sharing her research about Furlong.]

FURSDON, F[LORENCE]. R[OSE]. M[ARY]. (16 Sept 1870 – 25 Sept 1941)
(née Trelawny)
Author of one novel, The Story of Amanda (1914), which deals with women's suffrage. Her other work includes French language guides and several pamphlets against Roman Catholicism. Fursdon and her daughter Grace were killed in the sinking of the Avoceta by enemy submarine "between the Azores and the British Isles".

FURSE, [MARGARET] CELIA [NEWBOLT] (27 May 1890 – 13 Jan 1975)
(née Newbolt)
Author of a single novel, The Visiting Moon (1956), which relates a young girl's visit to a large English country house over the Christmas holidays early in the 19th century. Barb at Leaves & Pages reviewed it here, and Ali at Heavenali reviewed it here.

FYFE, MURIEL (dates unknown)
(née ?????)
1930s – 1960s
Untraced author of about a dozen works for children, including the school story Sally Travels to School (1937), as well as The Adventures of Peter (1933), Greystones Farm (1934), Mary Lee's Cottage (1936), The Stowaways (1937), and Curious Kate (1946). We know that Fyfe was her married name, but other details are lacking.

GADD, K[ATHLEEN]. M[ARY]. (dates unknown)
1930s, 1950s
Unidentified author of seven children's titles, some or all of them designed as readers for schools. Her first work, apparently non-fiction, was From Ur to Rome (1936). The others—La Bonté the Trapper (1939), X Bar Y Ranch (1939), White Hawk (1939), Wang Shu-Min: A Chinese Boy (1950), Sally Ann: A Tall Ship (1953), Summer-Tenting: A Circus Story (1956)—seem to be fiction.

GAINHAM, SARAH (1 Oct 1915 – 24 Nov 1999)
(pseudonym of Rachel Stainer, married names Terry and Ames, aka Rachel Ames)
1950s – 1980s
Journalist and author of a dozen volumes of fiction, most famously Night Falls on the City (1967), a bestseller set in wartime Vienna. The book is the first volume of a trilogy, followed by A Place in the Country (1968) and Private Worlds (1971). The less acclaimed sequels are set, respectively, soon after the war has ended and in the early 1950s. Gainham had already published several spy novels (some reviewed here) and continued publishing until 1983. Other novels are Time Right Deadly (1956), The Cold Dark Night (1957), The Mythmaker (1957, aka Appointment in Vienna), The Stone Roses (1959), The Silent Hostage (1960), Maculan's Daughter (1973), To the Opera Ball (1975), and The Tiger, Life (1983). She also published a story collection, The Habsburg Twilight: Tales from Vienna (1979).

Gaite, Francis

GALLATI, MARY [ERNESTINE] (7 Mar 1920 – 21 Sept 1978)
1950s – 1960s
Poet, broadcaster, journalist, and author of books on entertaining, Gallati also published numerous stories in The Star 1946-1953 (see here), as well as two novels, The Acorn (1950) and The Silver Bow (1962), the latter a saga about an Italian family. She was the daughter of restaurateur Mario Gallati.

GALLIE, MENNA [PATRICIA] (17 Mar 1920 – 17 Jun 1990)
(née Humphreys)
1950s – 1980s
Welsh translator and author of six novels, beginning with Strike for a Kingdom (1959), described as a detective novel set in a Welsh village during the 1926 General Strike. The Small Mine (1962) deals with a mining accident in the same fictional village. Her other novels are Man's Desiring (1960) set at a Midlands university, Travels with a Duchess (1968), You're Welcome to Ulster! (1970), and In These Promiscuous Parts (1986).

GALLOWAY, ANNA (dates unknown)

Unidentified author of three romantic novels—Crossing Paths (1943), Mine Be Thy Love (1945), and Riviera Interlude (1946).

GANDY, IDA [CAROLINE] (9 Sept 1885 – 28 Sept 1977)
(née Hony)
1920s – 1930s, 1960
Children's author and memoirist, best known for her memoirs A Wiltshire Childhood (1929) and Staying with the Aunts (1963). I wrote about the latter here. Round About the Little Steeple (1960) seems to be a fact-based novel about Bishop's Cannings in the 17th century. She also wrote numerous short plays and three works of children's fiction—Three Bold Explorers (1927), Sunset Island (1929), and Under the Chestnut Tree (1938).

GARDINER, DOROTHEA FRANCES (20 May 1880 – 7 Feb 1954)
(née Walters, aka D. F. Gardiner, aka Theodore Frank)
1920s – 1930s
Author of five novels, some of which seem to be mysteries. Titles are The Lifted Latch (1929, as Theodore Frank), The Prison House (1929), Another Night, Another Day (1930), The Beguiling Shore (1930), and Murder at a Dog Show (1935).

GARDNER, DIANA [JEANNE STANLEY] (26 Jun 1913 – 17 Nov 1997)
1940s – 1950s
Painter, illustrator, and author of one story collection, Halfway Down the Cliff (1946) and one novel, The Indian Woman (1954). In 2006, Persephone published a new collection of her stories called A Woman Novelist. In 2008, her heirs published The Rodmell Papers: Reminiscences of Virginia and Leonard Woolf by a Sussex Neighbor, a short booklet drawn from attempts late in life to record her memories of living just down the road from the famous couple.

Garland, Lisette
          see BRADLEY,

Author of a single novel, The Voyage Home (1957), about which I've found no details, and several children's titles, including The Scarlet Snuffbox (1950), Dragon Farm (1952), and Hills of Sheep (1955), as well as other non-fiction for both adults and children. She is reportedly the daughter of Noel Trevor Garnett of Durham (1887-1961), and it's not impossible that she is still alive as of this writing.

GARNETT, EVE [CYNTHIA RUTH] (9 Jan 1900 – 5 Apr 1991)
1930s – 1970s
Illustrator and author of children's fiction, best known for the classic The Family from One End Street (1937), written to highlight issues of poverty and class division, and its sequel, Further Adventures of the Family from One End Street (1956). Is It Well with the Child? (1938) was a non-fiction work illustrating some of the same difficulties facing children. Her other children's titles are In and Out and Roundabout (1948), Holiday at the Dew Drop Inn (1962), To Greenland's Icy Mountains: The Story of Hans Egede, Explorer, Coloniser, Missionary (1968), and Lost and Found (1974). Her memoir is First Affections: Some Autobiographical Chapters of Early Childhood (1982).

GARNETT, OLIVE (OLIVIA) [RAINE] (21 Aug 1871 – 17 Mar 1958)
1900s – 1910s
Sister of publisher Edward Garnett, sister-in-law of Russian language translator Constance Garnett and author Mrs. R. S. GARNETT, and aunt of novelist David Garnett. She published a story collection, Petersburg Tales (1900), and a novel, In Russia's Night (1918), which reflect her interest in revolutionary Russia. She had been in love with Sergey Stepnyak-Kravchinsky, a Ukrainian revolutionary living in London (who also inspired Ethel VOYNICH), and was devastated by his death in 1894. Two volumes of her 1890s diaries have been published as Tea and Anarchy! (1989) and Olive and Stepniak (1993).

GARNETT, MRS. R. S. (3 Dec 1869 – 8 Aug 1946)
(pseudonym of Martha Garnett, née Roscoe)
1900s – 1910s, 1930s
Sister-in-law of translater Constance Garnett and author Olive GARNETT and aunt of novelist David Garnett. Author of three novels—The Infamous John Friend (1909), a spy story set during the Napoleonic period, Amor Vincit: A Romance of the Staffordshire Moorlands (1912), and Unrecorded: A Tale of the Days of Chivalry (1931). She also published a biography, Samuel Butler and His Family Relations (1926).

GARNETT, RAY (RACHEL) [ALICE] (22 May 1891 – 24 Mar 1940)
(née Marshall)
Sister of diarist Frances Partridge, first wife of novelist and publisher David Garnett, and illustrator of Garnett's Lady Into Fox. She also published a single children's book, A Ride on a Rocking-Horse (1917), which was lavishly praised by Saturday Review when it was reprinted in 1926. She died tragically young of breast cancer, after which Garnett married Angelica Bell.

GARRARD, DOROTHY M[????]. (dates unknown)
Untraced author of two romantic novels, Before the Dawn (1922) and A Woman's Will (1923).

GARRATT, EVELYN R[OSALIE]. (27 Mar 1854 – 4 Feb 1938)
1870s – 1930s
Author of around 20 volumes of fiction for children and adults. Irene's Lame Dogs (1916) is partly a school story. Others include Lottie's Silver Burden (1879), Tied and Bound, or, The Story of Nan (1887), The Old Square Pew (1904), The Radiant City (1911), Betty of Rushmore (1916), Meg of the Heather (1920), Luke's Wife (1926), If Thou Wert Blind (1927), and Ask Rachel (1937).

GARRY, GEORGINA (26 Mar 1872 – 2 Sept 1947)
(pseudonym of Ethel Druce, née Brickell/Buckell/Buckle [records show multiple spellings], stage name Frances Dillon)
1920s – 1930s
Actress and author of three novels—Pigsties with Spires (1928), Lanes Lead to Cities (1929), and The Gilt Sugar-Bowl (1932)—which received cautious acclaim at the time but sound a bit on the melodramatic side. She appears to have been Val Gielgud's mother-in-law.

GARTH, LESLEY (dates unknown)
Untraced author of a single book, Sixteen or So (1923), comprised of several school-related stories which Sim and Clare describe as "semi-adult in tone and outlook."

GARVIN, MRS J. L. (23 Oct 1882 – 1959)
(pseudonym of Viola Lucy Garvin, née Taylor, earlier married name Woods, aka Viola Taylor)
1920s - 1930s
Sister of Una Troubridge, the longtime partner of Radclyffe HALL. Author of a single novel, Child of Light (1937), about the spiritual development of a young woman and her best friend. L. P. Hartley called it "a singularly sincere, moving, and beautiful novel. It is also an extremely amusing one." Garvin's other publications were The Story of Amaryllis and Other Verses (1908, as Viola Taylor), As You See It (1922), a collection of essays and poems, and Corn in Egypt (1926), a collection of tales and poems. She appears on the 1891 census as Nora Taylor, which suggests Nora may have been her nickname.

Gascoigne, Marguerite
          see GILBERT, ANNA

GASKELL, JANE (7 Jul 1941 -          )
1950s – 1970s
Fantasy writer best known for Strange Evil (1957), written when she was only 14, which deals with a war between fairies. China Miéville listed it as one of her top 10 examples of "weird fiction." Her later Atlan series, beginning with The Serpent (1963), deals with residents of Atlantis fleeing to Egypt. Other titles include King's Daughter (1958), All Neat in Black Stockings (1968), and Summer Coming (1972).

Gavin, Amanda

GAVIN, CATHERINE [IRVINE] (13 May 1907 – 27 Dec 1999)
(married name Ashcraft)
1930s – 1990s
Author of 20 historical novels as well as several historical and biographical works. Gavin is best known for her trilogy set in World War II—Traitors' Gate (1976), None Dare Call It Treason (1978), and How Sleep the Brave (1980). Others include Clyde Valley (1938), The Hostile Shore (1940), her "Second Empire Quartet"—comprised of Madeleine (1957), The Cactus and the Crown (1962), The Fortress (1964), and The Moon into Blood (1966)—The House of War (1970), The Sunset Dream (1983), and The French Fortune (1991).

Gaye, Carol
          see SHANN, RENÉE

GAYE, PHOEBE FENWICK (1 Nov 1905 – 3 Jul 2001)
(married name Pickard)
1920s – 1950s
Poet, garden writer, biographer of John Gay (1938), and author of seven novels, mostly historical in setting, including Vivandiere! (1929), set during Napoleon’s retreat from Moscow, Good Sir John (1930), a novel about Falstaff, and The French Prisoner (1944), set in England during the Napoleonic Wars. Others are New Heaven New Earth (1932), Louisa Vandervoord (1946), On a Darkling Plain (1950), and Treen and Wild Horses (1958).

GAYTON, CATHERINE (?17 Sept 1908 - ????)
(?pseudonym of Betty Abenheim? [tentative identification])
1940s – 1950s
Author of five works of fiction. Gayton seems to have specialized in romantic comedies set in the Victorian period, such as Those Sinning Girls: Four Victorian Adventures (1940), That Merry Affair (1945), Young Person (1947) and Poor Papa (1953), though Adeliza (1952) is set earlier, in the 1830s. John Herrington found that the address given by her in the 1948 Authors and Writers Who's Who belonged to a Richard Abenheim and his daughter Betty, born London 1908. She could conceivably have been a guest of the Abenheims, but it seems unlikely she would have used a friend's address for such a purpose. Thus, she is probably but not certainly Betty Abenheim (who disappears from public records after traveling to the U.S. in 1956). I wrote about Those Sinning Girls here.

GEIKIE, MARY [DOROTHEA] (1893 – 1981)
1930s – 1940s
Author of five novels—Sleeve o' Silk (1935), Reeds in the River (1937), Phantassie (1943), The Reluctant Mother (1947), and The Scarlett Way (1948)—about which few details are available.

George, Eliot
          see FREEMAN, GILLIAN

GEORGE, KATHLEEN (1892 – 31 Jul 1960)
(née Geipel)
Author of two novels—Purity (1926) and Put Asunder (1928)—about which no details are available.

GERARD, D[OROTHEA]. [MARY STANISLAUS] (9 Aug 1855 – 29 Sept 1915)
(married name Longard de Longgarde, aka E. D. Gerard)
1880s – 1910s
Sister of novelist Emily Gerard (1849–1905), with whom she collaborated on several early novels, including Beggar My Neighbour (1882), The Waters of Hercules (1885), and A Sensitive Plant (1891). She also published more than 30 books on her own, mostly romantic in theme but occasionally flirting with controversy. Titles include A Queen of Curds and Cream (1892), The Rich Miss Riddell (1894), One Year (1899), Holy Matrimony (1902), The Inevitable Marriage (1911), Exotic Martha (1912), and The Waters of Lethe (1914).

GERARD, [AMELIA] LOUISE (22 Mar 1878 – 5 Nov 1970)
1910s – 1930s
Author of nearly two dozen exotic "bodice-rippers" for Mills & Boon, which apparently regularly heroines falling in love with their abductors and/or rapists. Several of her works are set in a lurid version of West Africa. Titles include The Golden Centipede (1910), A Tropical Tangle (1911), Flower-of-the-Moon (1914), The Virgin’s Treasure (1915), The Mystery of ‘Golden Lotus’ (1919), Necklace of Tears (1922), The Harbour of Desire (1927), The Fruit of Eden (1927), The Dancing Boy (1928), Strange Paths (1934), and Following Footsteps (1936).

GERSTEIN, ANNA (3 Apr 1888 – 2 Feb 1955)
(pseudonym of Nellie Margaret Ogilvy Romilly, née Hozier)
Sister of Clementine Churchill and author of a single novel, Misdeal (1932). Her son Esmond married Jessica Mitford, and another son, Giles, was a critic and novelist. Mitford reportedly read a portion of Misdeal and called it "ghastly."

Gervaise, Mary

GIBBERD, KATHLEEN (5 May 1897 – 25 Apr 1992)
Journalist, travel writer, and author of education-related non-fiction. She began her career with a single novel, Vain Adventure (1927), largely set at Oxford, which was reviewed here.

GIBBON, M[URIEL]. MORGAN (14 Jan 1887 – 14 Jan 1975)
1920s – 1930s
Author of 10 novels about which little information is available. Titles are Jan (1920), Helen Marsden (1921), The Pharisees (1921), The Way of the World (1922), John Peregrine's Wife (1924), And Others Came (1928), Justin Keyes (1929), The Albatross (1930), No. 7 Paradise (1934), and Curious Fool (1939).

Gibbons, Margaret
          see MACGILL, MARGARET

GIBBONS, STELLA [DOROTHEA] (5 Jan 1902 – 19 Dec 1989)
(married name Webb)
1930s – 1970s
Author of more than two dozen novels, as well as several volumes of stories, poetry and a single children's book. Best known for her classic debut, Cold Comfort Farm (1932), which mocked the rural melodramas of authors such as Mary Webb and Sheila Kaye-Smith and made Gibbons a household name. She returned to this setting in “Christmas at Cold Comfort Farm” (1940), a short story, and Conference at Cold Comfort Farm (1949). Gibbons enjoyed the ongoing profits from her first novel, but regretted that it overshadowed her later work. Her WWII-related novels have received increased attention in recent years. The Rich House (1941), set on the cusp of the war, follows several young, mismatched couples and a distinctly odd anonymous letter-writer. Westwood (1946) makes powerful use of the bombed out buildings and the general air of fatigue in London circa 1943-1944. And in The Matchmaker (1949), set just after the war's end, the heroine, evacuated with her children to a country cottage, awaits the return of her husband who is serving in Germany. In 2021, Dean Street Press reprinted five of her novels—The Swiss Summer (1951), A Pink Front Door (1959), The Weather at Tregulla (1962), The Snow-Woman (1969), and The Woods in Winter (1970)—as Furrowed Middlebrow books. Vintage Classics have also reprinted a number of her novels, including two written after she stopped publishing—The Yellow Houses (completed around 1973) and Pure Juliet (originally titled An Alpha and completed around 1980). About the weekly "at homes" Gibbons hosted in later years, ODNB notes: "She was known to expel guests from these tea parties if they were shrill, dramatic, or wrote tragic novels." I've written about Gibbons several times—see here.

Gibbs, Mary Ann

GIBERNE, AGNES (19 Nov 1845 – 20 Aug 1939)
1860s – 1920s
Author of scientific textbooks and evangelistic fiction spanning six decades. Titles include Mabel and Cora (1865), Beechenhurst (1867), Coulyng Castle (1875), Decima's Promise (1882), Miss Con (1887), Miles Murchison (1894), Profit and Loss (1909), Val and His Friends (1911), and The Doings of Doris (1914).

GIBSON, L[ETTICE]. S[USAN]. (1859 - ????)
1900s – 1910s
Author of four novels, The Freemasons (1905), Burnt Spices (1906), Ships of Desire (1908), and The Oakum Pickers (1912). According to OCEF, Burnt Spices deals with a vengeful ghost.

GIBSON-JARVIE, CLODAGH [MICAELA] (23 Sept 1923 – 2018)
(married name Fry, aka Clodagh Chapman, aka Amanda Gavin)
1940s – 1980s, 2000s
Author of mystery fiction under her own name, as well as later fiction flirting with the supernatural as Clodagh Chapman (possibly a second married name?) and one children's title as Amanda Gavin. Early mystery fiction includes Variations on a Theme of Murder (1948), Vicious Circuit (1957), and He Would Provoke Death (1959). Her children's title is To Find a Golden Pony (1965). Later fiction includes The Web (1979, aka The Loom and the Web), Jack-in-the-Green (1983), The Night Before Dark (1988), The Echoes Answer (1989), and Red Mary in Time (2007). She also published an historical work, A Very Curious and Capricious Agent: A Tale of the Stowmarket Industrial Disaster of 1871 (2020).

GIFFARD, FLAVIA [JOAN LUCY] (20 Sept 1910 – 4 Apr 1998)
(married name Anderson, aka Flavia Anderson, aka Petronella Portobello)
1930s – 1950s
Biographer and author of three novels. As Flavia Giffard, she published Keep Thy Wife (1931), the tragic tale of a romance between an Englishwoman and a half-Indian, half-Irish man. As Flavia Anderson, she published Jezebel and the Dayspring (1949), a retelling of the story of the Phoenician princess. And under the amusing pseudonym Petronella Portobello, she published How to Be a Deb's Mum (1957, published in the U.S. as Mother of the Deb), an epistolary novel in the form of letters from the harried said mother to her friend, describing the mishaps of launching her daughter into high society. Its epilogue was contributed by Compton Mackenzie. She also published two volumes of non-fiction—The Ancient Secret: In Search of the Holy Grail (1953) and The Rebel Emperor (1958), about the Taiping rebellion of the mid 19th century. She was also the great-niece of Elinor GLYN. [Thank you to Simon Thomas for alerting me to this author.]

GIFFARD, INGARET [STELLA] (5 Feb 1902 – 5 May 1997)
(married names Young and van der Post)
Author of a single novel, Sigh No More Ladies (1931), about a successful actress deciding which (if any) of three offers of marriage to accept. Her play, Because We Must (1937), became Vivien Leigh’s first West End role. Giffard’s second husband was South African author Laurens van der Post. She later became a Jungian psychoanalyst, and wrote her memoir, The Way Things Happen (1989).

GILBERT, ANNA (1 May 1916 – 24 Sept 2004)
(pseudonym of Marguerite Jackson Lazarus, née Jackson, aka Marguerite Gascoigne, aka Marguerite Lazarus)
1950s, 1970s – 2000s
Grammar schoool English teacher and author (as Marguerite Gascoigne) of the children's title The Song of the Gipsy (1953). She appears not to have published anything else until Images of Rose (1974), published as Marguerite Lazarus. The following year, she published the first of a dozen romance novels under the Gilbert pseudonym, beginning with The Look of Innocence (1975) and continuing to A Morning in Eden (2001).

Gilbert, Anthony

GILBERT, JANE (dates unknown)
Untraced author of two adult novels—Man Is For Woman Made (1940) and Take My Youth (1941)—and one children's title, Imps and Angels (1946). The last was apparently published in the U.S. and not published in the U.K. until 1958.

GILBERT, ROSA (1841 – 21 Apr 1921)
(née Mulholland, aka Ruth Murray)
1860s – 1910s
Sister of Clara MULHOLLAND. Prolific and apparently popular (judging from the multiple editions and reprints of many of her books) novelist whose work centered on rural Irish Catholic life and features strong female characters. Cynthia's Bonnet Shop (1900) is about two sisters who open a shop in London, while A Girl's Ideal (1905) has a wealthy American trying to benefit Ireland with her fortune. Among her other titles are Dunmara (1864, as Ruth Murray), Hetty Gray, or, Nobody's Bairn (1883), The Late Miss Hollingford (1886), Terry, or, She Ought to Have Been a Boy (1900), The Tragedy of Chris (1903), The Squire's Granddaughters (1903), Our Sister Maisie (1906), The Return of Mary O'Murrough (1910), The O'Shaughnessy Girls (1911), Fair Noreen (1912), and O'Loghlin of Clare (1916).

GILL, ELIZABETH [JOYCE] (2 Nov 1901 – 18 Jun 1934)
(née Copping, earlier married name Codrington)
1920s – 1930s
Author of three well-received mystery novels before her tragic death at the age of 32. Titles are Strange Holiday (1929, aka The Crime Coast), What Dread Hand? (1932), and Crime de Luxe (1933). All three have now been reprinted by Dean Street Press.

GILL, SOMERS (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of two historical novels—Anthony Tressel (1942), set in London and the Virginia Colony in the time of George I, and Don Rogerio (1943), set in Elizabethan times. Could be a male author, but no way to be certain for the time being.

GILLESPIE, JANE (1923-      )
(pseudonym of Jane Shaw)
1950s – 1990s
Not to be confused with girls' author Jane SHAW. Author of forty volumes of fiction, some at least apparently romantic in nature. Titles include The Weir (1953), Nightingales Awake (1954), Miss Fraser (1957), The Long Meadow (1959), Mischief in August (1960), A Fresh Start (1965), Regard for Truth (1967), A Breathing Space (1969), The Death of a Secret (1970), A Tiresome Woman (1972), Latter-Day Dora (1976), Teverton Hall (1984), Brightsea (1987), and Aunt Celia (1991).

GILLESPIE, SUSAN (27 Sept 1904 – 1968)
(pseudonym of Edith Constance Holker Norris, married name Turton-Jones)
1930s – 1960s
Author of more than two dozen novels, including family stories, romances, and a number of tales set in India or other international locales, which reflect her own frequent travels. Titles include The Story of Christine (1933), The Rajah's Guests (1935), They Went to Karathia (1940), North from Bombay (1944), Clash by Night (1952), Carillon in Bruges (1952), The Dutch House (1955), Diamonds in the Night (1962), and Women of Influence (1968).

GILLMAN, OLGA [MARJORIE] (11 Feb 1894 – 4 Apr 1987)
1940s – 1960s
Author of more than two dozen Mills & Boon romances, including Moonshine in Your Heart (1947), The Hills Are Silent (1952), Following the Sun (1954), Leaf Cottage (1956), The Spell of Dunkyre (1957), The Golden Harbour (1958), Whispering Woods (1960), The Island Doctor (1964), and A Time for Silence (1967).

GILLON, DIANA [PLEASANCE] (1 Sept 1915 – 20 Mar 2016)
(née Case, married name changed from Goldstein to Gillon)
1950s – 1960s
Co-author of two novels with her husband Meir Selig Gillon—Vanquish the Angel (1955) and The Unsleep (1961), the later a dystopian novel—as well as a historical work, The Sand and the Stars: The Story of the Jewish People (1975). Her Find-a-Grave entry (which, unusually, does not provide a death date) mentions an earlier book, A Guest in the House (1952), but I can't locate such a title in online catalogues. After her marriage, Gillon apparently lived for several years in Jerusalem.

GILMOUR, AMY [MAGDALENE] (1872 – 29 Oct 1956)
(née Carr)
Author of one novel, The Lure of Islam (1933), a romance in which an English earl's son seems, from its description, to be lured by drugs and a beautiful Moroccan woman more than by Islam. In one source she is described as a "successful author," which makes one wonder if she published under other names as well or if this was merely hype.

Gilmour, Patience

GILRUTH, SUSAN[NA MARGARET] (20 Mar 1911 – 16 Feb 1992)
(née Hornsby-Wright, later married name Godley)
1950s – 1960s

Author of seven mystery novels—Sweet Revenge (1951), Death in Ambush (1952), Postscript to Penelope (1954), A Corpse for Charybdis (1956), To This Favour (1957), Drown Her Remembrance (1961), and The Snake Is Living Yet (1963).

GILSON, BARBARA (dates unknown)
Unidentified author of two girls' adventure stories—Beyond the Dragon Door (1934) and Queen of the Andes (1935).

GIROUARD, BLANCHE [MAUD] (13 Oct 1898 – 29 Sept 1940)
(née de la Poer)
1920s – 1930s
Irish author of one novel, The Story of Keth (1928), about "mythical Ireland," and one story collection, The World Is for the Young and Other Stories (1935), about which Saturday Review noted admirable variety but also said, "Still, with all this variety, something is wanting in the book. It is like listening for an Irish jig and hearing 'Pomp and Circumstance.'"

GIRVIN, [GERTRUDE ANNETTE] BRENDA (28 Jul 1884 – 7 Jun 1970)
1900s – 1930s
Playwright and author of nearly three dozen children's titles, including eight school-related tales—The Lower Fourth (1910), The Mysterious Twins (1910), The Little Heroine (1912), The Schoolgirl Author (1920), Kathleen's Adventure (1922), Joan, a High-School Girl (1924), Schoolgirls (1926), and Schooldays (1930). Munition Mary (1918) is about the adventures of a teenage girl in a wartime munitions factory. Other titles include Cackling Geese (1909), Mister Piccolo: The Story of a Gipsy Boy (1911), Queer Cousin Claude (1912), The Tapestry Adventure (1925), and Five Cousins (1930).

No comments:

Post a Comment

NOTE: The comment function on Blogger is notoriously cranky. If you're having problems, try selecting "Name/URL" or "Anonymous" from the "Comment as" drop-down (be sure to "sign" your comment, though, so I know who dropped by). Some people also find it easier using a browser like Firefox or Chrome instead of Internet Explorer.

But it can still be a pain, and if you can't get any of that to work, please email me at furrowed.middlebrow@gmail.com. I do want to hear from you!