Tuesday, January 1, 2013

British Women Writers of Fiction 1910-1960 (Has - Hol)

For more information about this list, please see the introduction, linked below.

You can download the entire list in a single PDF. Clicking on the link below will open a Google Docs page displaying the entire list in PDF. To save a copy of the PDF, just click on the little down arrow in the upper left. You can also print the list from the Google Docs page, but be warned that it now weighs in at 418 pages!


Updated 6/9/2017


[Current total: 1,893 writers]


HASKINS, MINNIE LOUISE (12 May 1875 – 3 Feb 1957)
1920s – 1930s
Haskins was rocketed to lasting fame when lines from her poem "The Gate of the Year" were read on BBC by George VI in a Christmas 1939 broadcast. The poem was immortalized, and was also read at the funeral of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother in 2002. Haskins had also written two novels, the semi-autobiographical Through Beds of Stone (1928) and A Few People (1932), which the Spectator described as "a sympathetic story … which would have been even better without an improbable small boy, too much dialect, and too much hazy sentiment." She worked for many years at the London School of Economics.

HASSETT, MARGARET (c1898 - ????)
(pseudonym of Kathleen Daly)
1930s – 1940s
Sister of Anne DALY. Author of four novels, including Educating Elizabeth (1937) and its sequel Beezer's End (1949), about discontent among the staff of a girls' school, Sallypark (1945), about three daughters carrying on love affairs behind their strict father’s back, and Next to These Ladies (1940). I wrote about two of the novels here.

HASTED, JANE ELIZA (24 Dec 1909 - 1999)
1930s – 1940s
Biographer and author of four novels—Our Mr. Richards (1933), Racing Demon (1936), Pattern of People (1947), and The Young Dorothea (1950). Her two biographies are Unsuccessful Ladies: An Intimate Account of the Aunts of Queen Victoria (1950) and The Gentle Amazon: The Life and Times of Lady Smith (1952).

HASTINGS, PHYLLIS [DORA] (5 Jun 1904 – 29 Nov 1994)
(née Hodge, aka John Bedford, aka Julia Mayfield)
1950s – 1980s
Author of more than 50 novels. One source refers to her as a romance writer, though a review of Rapture in My Rags (1954, aka Scarecrow Lover), about a young woman who meets a murderer on the run and believes he's a scarecrow she has inadvertently brought to life, sounds unusual to say the least. Other titles include As Long as You Live (1951), The Forest of Stone (1957, apparently her only title as Julie Mayfield), Sandals for My Feet (1960), The Night the Roof Blew Off (1962), The Swan River Story (1968), When the Gallows Is High (1971), The Image-Maker (1976), A Delight of Angels (1981), and Naked Runner (1987). She seems to have used her John Bedford pseudonym only for non-fiction about finding treasure in "junk shops."

HASTINGS, VALERIE (14 Feb 1902 - 1975)
(née ???????)
Author of a "picture strip" called Wendy and Jinx, from which two school stories came—Wendy & Jinx and the Dutch Stamp Mystery and Wendy & Jinx and the Missing Scientist (1957)—as well as two additional school stories, Jill at Hazlemere (1964) and Jill Investigates (1965). She was married to Michael Hastings (or at least took his name—a marriage has not been located in the records), but her origins remain uncertain.

Hatton, G. Noel
          see CAIRD, MONA

Havens, Allen
          see ALLEN, ALICE MAUD

HAVERFIELD, E[LEANOR]. L[UISA]. (18 Aug 1870 – 7 Feb 1945)
1890s – 1930s
Author of about 40 works of children's fiction and adult romance, including school stories which Sims & Clare note are "redolent of the Victorian era," praising their psychological depth. The school stories include The Ghost of Exlea Priory (1905), Audrey's Awakening (1910), The Girls of St Olave's (1919), which features wartime air raids, The Luck of Lois (1920), The Discovery of Kate (1925), and Meriel's Choice (1933). Sims and Clare also single out Joan Tudor's Triumph (1918) for its unique tone of Gothic horror. Haverfield's other titles include Stanhope: A Romance of the Days of Cromwell (1902), The Squire (1903), A Human Cypher (1909), The Ogilvies' Adventures (1913), A Flight and a Friendship (1926), and Through the Green Door (1935).

Hawke, Richard
          see BAINES, JOY

HAWKEN, [JOAN] PAMELA (1919 – 6 Jan 2011)
(née Bussey)
1950s
Author of three girls' career novels—Air Hostess Ann (1952), Pan Stevens: Secretary (1954), and Clare in Television (1955)—and two other children's titles, Percy Popalong (1953) and Chuffalong (1955), which may be for younger children.

Hawker, Mrs. Mildred
          see STAFFORD, ANN

HAWKES, [JESSIE] JACQUETTA (5 Aug 1910 – 18 Mar 1996)
(née Hopkins, later married name Priestley)
1950s, 1980
Best known for books on archaeology, such as The Archaeology of Jersey (1939) and Man on Earth (1954), and for her classic of nature writing A Land (1951), Hawkes also published one collection, Fables (1953, published in the U.S. as A Woman as Great as the World and Other Fables), and two novels. Kirkus called Providence Island: An Archaeological Tale (1959) "enchanting—a merger of the solemnity of a scientific expedition with an adventure in complete escape." Her other novel, A Quest of Love (1980), deals with reincarnation over thousands of years. She and her second husband, novelist and playwright J. B. Priestley, also collaborated on several projects, including Dragon's Mouth (1952), a play, and Journey Down a Rainbow (1955), about their travels in the southwestern U.S.

HAWKS, OLIVE (c1917 - Mar 1992)
(married names Burdett and ?????)
1940s
A committed member of Oswald Mosley’s British Union of Fascists, Hawks was interned for much of WWII. After the war, she published four novels—What Hope for Green Street? (1945), Time Is My Debtor (1947), These Frail Vessels (1948), and A Sparrow for a Farthing (1950).

HAWTREY, [PHYLLIS] VALENTINA (1877 - 1953)
(aka Valentine Caryl)
1900s – 1910s
Author of seven novels about the trials and tribulations of womanhood, most of them historical—Perronelle (1904) is set in 15th century Paris, Suzanne (1906) is set even earlier, while Rodmell (1908) is a 19th century family saga. The others are A Ne'er-do-well (1903, as Valentine Caryl), In the Shade (1909), Heritage (1912), and In a Desert Land (1915). She also translated an Italian 14th century text called The Life of Saint Mary Magdalen (1904).

Hay, Frances
          see DICK, ALEXANDRA

HAY, [AGNES BLANCHE] MARIE (6 Dec 1873 – 13 Dec 1938)
(married name von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg [!!!])
1900s – 1920s
Half-sister of Duff Cooper. Author of three fictionalized biographies—A German Pompadour (1906), about Wilhelmine von Graevenitz, The Winter Queen (1910), about Elizabeth of Bohemia, and Mas'aniello: A Neapolitan Tragedy (1913), set during the 1647 rising in Naples. Her final novel, The Evil Vineyard (1923), deals with a haunted house and was reportedly of interest to Carl Jung.

HAY, MAVIS DORIEL (1894 – 1979)
(married name Fitzrandolph)
1930s
Author of three mystery novels, rediscovered and reprinted by the British Library—Murder Underground (1934), Death on the Cherwell (1935), and The Santa Klaus Murder (1936). She also co-wrote several books about rural crafts in the 1920s. I wrote a little about her second novel here.

HAYDEN, ELEANOR G[RACE]. (1865 – 30 Sept 1954)
1900s – 1910s
Author of several story collections about village life in and around Berkshire, including Travels Round Our Village (1901), Turnpike Travellers (1903), Rose of Lone Farm (1905), and Islands of the Vale (1908). Her final book, Love the Harper (1914), may be a novel. With the advent of WWI, she did war work, became politically involved, and appears to have stopped writing.

Haye, Jan
          see VINTON, ANNE

HAYES, NANCY M[ABEL]. (15 Jun 1886 – 19 Apr 1929)
(went by Annie, married name Flexman)
1920s
Author of four girls' school stories—The Fourth Form Invaders (1924), Peg Runs Away to School (1924), That Turbulent Term (1926), and The Castle School (1928)—and several other Guide and adventure stories, including The Plucky Patrol (1924), The Lost Cave (1926), The Boy From Nowhere (1927), Guides at Calamity Hill (1927), and Billy Lone Scout (1928).

HAYNES, ANNIE (1865 – 30 Mar 1929)
1920s
Author of twelve mystery novels, out of print for many years until Dean Street Press reprinted them. Titles are The Bungalow Mystery (1923), The Abbey Court Murder (1923), The Secret of Greylands (1924), The Blue Diamond (1925), The Witness on the Roof (1925), The House in Charlton Crescent (1926), The Master of the Priory (1927), The Crow’s Inn Tragedy (1927), The Man with the Dark Beard (1928), The Crime at Tattenham Corner(1929), Who Killed Charmian Karslake? (1929), and The Crystal Beads Murder (1930), the last of which was completed by another author after her death. On the basis of textual evidence, mystery scholar Curtis Evans, in the Dean Street Press edition of that novel, speculates that the author may have been Lucy Beatrice MALLESON, who was best known for the mysteries she wrote under the pseudonym Anthony Gilbert. Haynes had earlier published several novels in serial form, romantic in nature except for two—Lady Carew's Secret was an early version of The Abbey Court Murder and The Governess at the Priory later became The Master of the Priory. I wrote about Who Killed Charmian Karslake? here.

HAYNES, DOROTHY K[ATE]. (1918 – Dec 1987)
1940s, 1970s
Scottish author of horror and ghost stories, many of them uncollected until late in her life. She published three novels—Winter's Traces (1947), The Gibsons of Glasgow (1947), and Haste Ye Back (1973)—a story collection, Thou Shalt Not Suffer a Witch and Other Stories (1949), illustrated by Mervyn Peake, and a children's title, Robin Ritchie. Many of her later stories appeared in Peacocks and Pagodas and the Best of Dorothy K. Haynes (1981), though other stories apparently remain uncollected.

HAYNES, RENÉE [ORIANA] (23 Jul 1906 – 12 Oct 1994)
(married name Tickell)
1920s - 1930s
Married to novelist Jerrard Tickell. Known for her writings on ESP and psychic phenomena, including The Hidden Springs (1972), Haynes wrote three early novels—Neapolitan Ice (1928), about a young girl at Oxford, Immortal John (1932), and The Holy Hunger (1936). She also published biographies of Hilaire Belloc (1953) and Pope Benedict XIV (1970).

HAYTER, ALETHEA [CATHERINE] (7 Nov 1911 – 10 Jan 2006)
(aka J. C. Fennessy)
1940s – 1950s
Biographer, historian, and author of five pseudonymous novels—Eden Island (1941), The Siege of Elsinore (1948), which imagined a marriage between Hamlet and Ophelia, The Way to the Sea (1950), The Sonnet in the Bottle (1951), and The Londoners (1952). She is better known for the biographical A Sultry Month (1965), which traces the lives of the Brownings and others during one month in London in the summer of 1847, and for other scholarly and historical works, including Mrs. Browning: A Poet's Work and Its Setting (1962), Opium and the Romantic Imagination (1968), Horatio's Version (1972), which offered an alternative reading of Shakespeare's Hamlet, A Voyage in Vain: Coleridge's Journey to Malta in 1804 (1973), and The Wreck of the Abergavenny (2002), which examined the aftereffects of an 1805 shipwreck. Several of these titles have been reprinted by Faber Finds.

Heath, Sharon
          see BRADLEY, NORAH MARY

HEATH, VERONICA (20 Oct 1927 – 13 May 2012)
(pseudonym of Veronica Tegner, married name Blackett)
1950s – 1960s
Author of five pony stories—Come Riding with Me (1955), Susan's Riding School (1956), Ponies in the Heather (1959), Come Show-Jumping with Me (1961), and Come Pony Trekking with Me (1964). See here for more information. She later wrote non-fiction titles about horses and riding.

HEATH-MILLER, MAVIS [BLANCHE] (22 Oct 1907 – 11 Dec 1977)
(née Blackburn)
1940s – 1970s
Author of more than 30 romantic novels, including Slightly Sophisticated (1945), We Have Our Dreams (1956), A Hint of Spring (1960), A Single Star (1962), Rich Relations (1965), Scent of Summer (1970), Build a High Wall (1972), The Narrow Stair (1974), and Storm Above the Park (1976). Before she began publishing, she ran a Studio of Dramatic Art. She later served as secretary of the Writers Guild.

HEATON, ROSE HENNIKER (29 Nov 1884 – 8 Oct 1975)
(married name Porter)
1930s
Author of humorous self-help guides including The Perfect Hostess (1931), The Perfect Cruise and Other Holidays (1935), and Running a House without Help (1949). She also published a series of humorous sketches, which just barely qualify her for this list, including Dinner with James (1931), Chez James (1932), Cruising with James (1934), and Contract with James (1935).

HEBERDEN, MARY VIOLET (28 Feb 1906 - 1965)
(aka M. V. Heberden, aka Charles L. Leonard)
1930s – 1950s
Born in England but lived in the U.S. for most of her adult life. Stage actress both in England and (more successfully) on Broadway, where for a year and a half 1935-1937 she played a supporting role in Victoria Regina, which starred Helen Hayes as Queen Victoria. Later, she was the author of more than 30 mystery and spy novels, many under the Charles L. Leonard pseudonym (the Charles L. from her father, Charles Lewis Heberden, a rector, who died when she was only 5, and the Leonard from her mother's maiden name). Her series characters were Desmond Shannon, a New York private investigator, Rick Vanner, a former Navy spy, and Paul Kilgerrin, a wounded veteran of World War II who works with American spy organizations, with his sidekick Gerry Cordent, a female pilot. Including all the ones I've tracked down, with alternate titles where I know them, her books are Death on the Doormat (1939), Fugitive from Murder (1940), Subscription to Murder (1940), Aces, Eights, & Murder (1941), The Lobster Pick Murder (1941), Deadline for Destruction (1942), Murder Follows Desmond Shannon (1942), The Stolen Squadron (1942), Murder Makes a Racket (1942), Murder Goes Astray (1943), The Fanatic of Fez (1943, aka Assignment to Death), The Secret of the Spa (1944), Murder of a Stuffed Shirt (1944), To What Dread End (1944), Expert in Murder (1945), Vicious Pattern (1945), Murder Cancels All Debts (1946), Pursuit in Peru (1946), They Can't All Be Guilty (1947), Search for a Scientist (1947), The 4th Funeral (1948), Drinks on the Victim (1948), The Case of the Eight Brothers (1948), Sinister Shelter (1949), Engaged to Murder (1949), Exit This Way (1950, aka You'll Fry Tomorrow), Secrets for Sale (1950), That's the Spirit (1950, aka Ghosts Can't Kill), The Sleeping Witness (1951), Treachery in Trieste (1951), Tragic Target (1952), and Murder Unlimited (1953).

HECTOR, BARBARA (12 Aug 1902 – 16 May 1985)
(aka Hester Barrie)
1940s – 1970s
Children's author and romantic novelist. She published one girls' school story, Champions in the Making (1943), two animal stories, The Wonder Pony (1943) and Friskie, the Train Saver (1943), and a mystery for children, The Moorland Mystery (1948), before turning to adult romance novels, many set in hospitals. Titles include No Through Road (1942), The Victim's Niece (1946), As the Stars Fade (1947), The Rainbow Road (1959), A Cottage for Nurse Lou (1962), Nurse Beth of Beatrice Ward (1965), Nurse Diana in Danger (1968), and The Astonishing Affair (1971).

HEDDLE, ETHEL F[ORSTER]. (c1863 - 1942)
(married name Marshall, aka Ethel F. H. Marshall)
1890s – 1930s
Author of 19 volumes of fiction Three Girls in a Flat (1896) is reportedly based on the real-life experiences of novelist Menie Muriel Dowie (author of three novels prior to 1910), American novelist Lillias Campbell Davidson, and poet and scholar Alice Werner, and may have provided Thomas Hardy with inspiration for the character of Sue Bridehead in Jude the Obscure. Other titles are Martin Redfern's Oath (1892), Marget at the Manse (1899), A Mystery of St. Rule's (1902), The Secret of the Turret (1905), Clarinda's Quest (1910), The House of Shadows (1920), Hidden in Her Heart (1920), and The Big Adventure (1934).

Hedworth, Barbara
see PEARSON, MOLLIE (MARY) SUSAN SEYMOUR

Heely, Maureen
          see BRADSHAW, NINA

HEILGERS, LOUISE [HELENE HENRIETTA] (1882 – 28 Oct 1954)
(married name Granville, aka Henrietta Heilgers)
1900s – 1920s
Periodical author and novelist. Many of her stories were collected in books like Tabloid Tales (1911) and Somewhere in France: Stories of the Great War (1915). She also published ten novels, including (as Henrietta Heilgers) Stephen the Man (1909), and under her own name The Naked Soul: Three Years in a Woman's Life (1912), Sackcloth and Satin (1916), Babette Wonders Why (1916), That Red-Headed Girl (1917), An Officer's Wife (1918), The Green Heart (1921), Love and Life (1922), The Humming-Top (1927), and The Dark Lamp (1927). You can read more about her here.

HELME, ELEANOR EDITH (c1888 – 14 Mar 1967)
1930s – 1940s
Journalist and writer on golf for women. She also published children's fiction, some of it religious in theme and some for smaller children. She is best known now for a series about Exmoor ponies, including Mayfly the Grey Pony (1935), Runaway Mike (1936), Shank's Pony (1946), Suitable Owners (1948), White Winter (1949), and Dear Busybody (1950). See here for more information and book covers.

Heming, Eileen
          see MARSH, EILEEN

HENSON, JEAN (11 Aug 1912 – 19 Sept 1981)
(née Constable)
1940s – 1950s
Author of five children's detective tales—River Detectives (1947), Detectives in the Hills (1949), Detectives by the Sea (1950), Detectives Abroad (1952), and Detectives in Wales (1953).

HEPPLE, ANNE (1877 – 10 Nov 1959)
(pseudonym of Anne Hepple Dickinson, née Batty)
1920s – 1940s
Author of more than 20 romantic novels about Northumberland and the Scottish Borders. The North Wind Blows (1941) is set during World War II and features a land girl suspected of being a spy. The House of Gow (1948) is the favorite of many fans—bookseller Gill Bilski described it as "[a] love story set against a large bookshop and a borders' tower." Others include Jemima Rides (1928), Gay Go Up (1931), Scotch Broth (1933), Heyday and Maydays (1936), Sigh No More (1943), and Jane of Gowlands (1949).   

Herald, Kathleen
          see PEYTON, K. M.

HERBERT, ALICE [LOUISE GRISEWOOD] (1869 – 1941)
(née Baker, earlier married name Low)
1900s – 1920s
Mother of Ivy LITVINOV and author of five novels—The Measure of our Youth (1909), Garden Oats (1914), Heaven and Charing Cross (1922), Friend, You Are Late (1924), and A Pen and Ink Passion (1928). OCEF describes Garden Oats as "a sharp, funny, and probably autobiographical novel about a girl growing up and getting married, which focuses on the social difficulties of women."

Herbert, Jean
          see LESLIE, MARY ISABEL

HERBERT, JOAN (1902 – 2 Aug 1965)
(pseudonym of Joan Doreen Lewis)
1930s – 1950s
Author of eleven volumes of children's fiction, most either girls' school stories or Guiding stories. Titles are Lorna's First Term (1932), With Best Intentions (1935), The Three Halves (1937), The Trail of the Blue Shamrock (1937), The Wrights are Left (1938), One's a Pair (1939), Just an Ordinary Company (1939), Penelope the Particular (1939), A Tenderfoot's ABC (1940), Jennifer Gay (1944), and First-Time Jennifer (1959).

HERBERTSON, AGNES GROZIER (16 Aug 1873 – 18 Jul 1958)
1890s – 1940s
Sister of Jessie Leckie HERBERTSON. Children's author and novelist whose work seems to veer toward the melodramatic. OCEF notes that The Ship That Came Home in the Dark (1912) "involves a woman substituting herself for a blind man's wife." That source also credits her with six novels in all, but I found seven titles which look like adult fiction. The others are A Book without a Man! (1897), Patience Dean: A Study in Temperament and Temptation (1904), The Plowers (1906), The Summit (1909), Deborah (1911), and We Know Each Other's Faces (1947). Much of her children's fiction seems to be for younger children.

HERBERTSON, JESSIE LECKIE (10 Jun 1877 – 18 Jul 1958)
1900s – 1930s
Sister of Agnes Grozier HERBERTSON. Children's author and novelist. Her children's fiction includes several school stories—Betsy-Go-Lucky of the Fourth (1923), Schooldays at Beverley (1927), A Disagreeable Girl (1927), A New Girl at Maltby (1927), The Fourth Form at Beverley (1928), and Another Pair of Shoes (1929). She seems to have published six adult novels earlier in her career, including The Stigma (1905), Mortal Men (1907), Junia (1908), Young Life (1911), Borrowers of Fortune (1912), and Crofton's Daughter (1919).

HERD, [MARGARET] MURIEL [DE MILFONTES] (1880 – 8 Oct 1944)
(married name Smart)
1890s, 1920s
Apparently the author of only two books, separated by more than 30 years—The Solo Boy and Other Stories (1895) and Gill and the Others (1927)—about which little information is available.

Heritage, A. J.
          see ADAIR, HAZEL (1900-1990)

HERON-MAXWELL, BEATRICE (1859 – 7 Mar 1927)
(née Eastwick, first married name Huddart)
1900s – 1920s
Mother of Gladys HUDDART and sister of Florence E. EASTWICK. Author of four romantic novels, including A Woman's Soul (1900), The Queen Regent (1903), The Fifth Wheel (1916), and The Tenth Step (1923), the first and third of which were written with her sister. She also published a book of essays called Through a Woman's Eyes (1917).

HERVEY, JANE (1920 -        )
(pseudonym of Naomi Blanche Thoburn McGaw, married names Jones, Wilder, & Bowlby)
1950s
Author of a single novel, Vain Shadow (1963), reprinted by Persephone in 2015, which they describe as a "unique, astute and very funny black comedy." Though published after the end of this list's time frame, it was actually written in the early 1950s.

HESELTINE, OLIVE (1878 – 24 Nov 1950)
(née Ilbert, aka Jane Dashwood)
1920s – 1930s
Critic, essayist, and memoirist under her real name, who wrote two pseudonymous novels—Three Daughters (1929), set in London society at the turn of the century, and The Month of May (1931), with a heroine torn between love and her duty to her aging parents. She also published Conversation (1927), a guide to dinner-party repartee, and a memoir, Lost Content (1948).

HEWARD, CONSTANCE (1884 - 1968)
1920s – 1960s
Children's author known for her series for younger children about Ameliaranne, a Polyanna-ish girl who helps out her impoverished family, starting with Ameliaranne and the Green Umbrella (1920). A few of her titles do seem to be for older children, including Benjy Comes (1931), Jonathan's Children (1963), and The House on the Edge of the Moor (1968).

HEWARD, F. M. (dates unknown)
1940s
Untraced author of a single girls' school story, Susan the Beast (1949).

HEWETT, HILDA [MARIAN] (25 Aug 1904 – 13 Dec 1991)
(née Morley, aka Clare Compton)
1940s – 1960s
Author of nearly twenty works of fiction, including at least two children's titles—Pantomime Christmas (1955) and Harriet and the Cherry Pie (1964), the latter (published in the U.K. under her "Clare Compton" pseudonym but under her own name in the U.S.) about two girls who spend several months in London with their aunt who runs a teashop. It was reviewed in No. 5 of The Scribbler. Hewett's novels for adults include Farewell Solitude (1942), Spring Serenade (1943), Dancing Starlight (1945), Kaleidoscope (1947), The Desert Shall Rejoice (1950), The Cactus Flower (1953), A Week at the Seaside (1955), Autumn Fires (1958), and A Calculated Risk (1964). I wrote enthusiastically about So Early One Morning (1948) here.

HEWITSON, ANNE (dates unknown)
1920s
Untraced author of a single short romance, The Dancer (1929).

HEWITT, KATHLEEN [DOUGLAS] (11 Nov 1893 – 12 Jun 1980)
(née Brown, earlier married name Pitcher, aka Dorothea Martin)
1930s – 1950s
Author of nearly two dozen novels, including mysteries and thrillers. Her wartime works include the energetic thrillers Lady Gone Astray (1941), about a young heiress with amnesia up against unscrupulous refugees, and The Mice Are Not Amused (1942), about a legal secretary who takes a job as doorman at a block of flats infested with Fifth Columnists. Her 1943 novel, Plenty Under the Counter, deals with the black market. Other titles include A Pattern in Yellow (1932), Black Sunshine (1933, as Dorothea Martin), Comedian (1934), Go Find a Shadow (1937), Stand-in for Danger (1940), Murder in the Ballroom (1948), Still the World Is Young (1951), and Harmony in Autumn (1955). She also published a memoir, The Only Paradise (1945). (Thank you to Grant Hurlock for information on this author.)

HEYER, GEORGETTE (16 Aug 1902 – 5 Jul 1974)
(married name Rougier, aka Stella Martin)
1920s – 1970s
Author of nearly 60 novels, including dozens of the Regency romances for which she's best known, including These Old Shades (1926), Royal Escape (1938), The Reluctant Widow (1946), Arabella (1949), The Grand Sophy (1950), Cotillion (1953), Bath Tangle (1955), and The Unknown Ajax (1959). She also wrote 12 popular, clever mystery novels (apparently with some assistance from her husband in formulating the puzzles)—Footsteps in the Dark (1932), Why Shoot a Butler? (1933), The Unfinished Clue (1934), Death in the Stocks (1935), Behold, Here's Poison (1936), They Found Him Dead (1937), A Blunt Instrument (1938), No Wind of Blame (1939), Envious Casca (1941), Penhallow (1942), Duplicate Death (1951), and Detection Unlimited (1953). Among her earliest novels were four with contemporary settings, which she apparently tried to suppress in later years as being too autobiographical and too revealing of her own life.  These are Instead of the Thorn (1923), Helen (1928), Pastel (1929), and Barren Corn (1930). Heyer's third novel, The Transformation of Philip Jettan (1923, later reprinted as Powder and Patch) was first published under her pseudonym. I wrote about Bath Tangle here.

HIBBERT, ELEANOR [ALICE] (1 Sept 1906 – 19 Jan 1993)
(née Burford, aka Eleanor Burford, aka Jean Plaidy, aka Elbur Ford, aka Ellalice Tate, aka Kathleen Kellow, aka Victoria Holt, aka Philippa Carr)
1940s – 1990s
Author of nearly 200 novels under her multiple pseudonyms. Her earliest works, beginning in 1941, were traditional romances under her maiden name, Eleanor Burford, but in the mid-1940s she began writing historical fiction under her Jean Plaidy pseudonym. By the late 1950s, she had used the name Elbur Ford for four novels based around well-known Victorian crimes, and the names Kathleen Kellow and Ellalice Tate for lighter historical romances. Her biggest success, however, began in 1960 with Mistress of Mellyn (1960), the first of 31 Gothic romances under the name Victoria Holt—which, interesting, was believed by many readers at the time to be a pseudonym of Daphne DU MAURIER. Thereafter, she focused on Holt and Plaidy titles until 1972, when she created her Philippa Carr pseudonym for 19 novels which have been called "historical Gothics." Her titles are far too numerous to list, but her entry in Contemporary Popular Writers sums up by saying Hibbert's best work "wove fascinating facts drawn from English history into simply written, compelling tales of mystery, intrigue, and of course, passion."

HICHENS, JACOBINE [NAPIER] (4 Oct 1920 - 1971)
(neé Menzies-Wilson, later married name Sackville-West)
1950s
Cousin by marriage of Vita SACKVILLE-WEST and daughter of Jacobine MENZIES-WILSON. Barrister and author of four novels—Noughts and Crosses (1952), Touch and Go (1953), The Marriage of Elizabeth Whitacker (1953), and Profit and Loss (1955). The third of these, about the engagement of an Anglican woman to a Catholic man, was described by Kirkus as "a tasteful needlepoint of incident and sentiment in what is essentially an unruffled romantic novel." She was married to Lionel Bertrand Sackville-West, the 6th Lord Sackville, and lived at Knole from 1960 until her death.

HICKEY, T[HEODOSIA]. F[RANCES]. W[YNNE]. (1895 – 25 Dec 1956)
(née Hannay)
1930s – 1940s
Author of eleven volumes of fiction, including at least two mystery novels, The Corpse in the Church (1934) and The Hand, or, Mystery at Number Ten (1937). Other novels are Semi-Detached (1932), Easter Week (1933), The Birthday Party (1934), Nancy Emery (1935), and Oh, Mrs. Hopkins! (1936), while The Unexpected Adventure (1935), Bulldog Sheila, or, The Gang (1936), Alice and James Discover Their Country (1941), and Adventures at Littleacres (1947) appear to be for children.

HIGSON, KIT (KITTY) (1887 – 16 Mar 1962)
1920s – 1950s
Author of more than two dozen works of fiction, including novels and children's books. Titles include The Law Allows (1928), The Dull House (1934), Good Grief (1940), Courtesy Curtains (1942), Setting Off (1944), Small Potatoes (1948), Riding Light (1950), and Evil Communications (1952). Her final title for children, Cop Shooter (1958), is not as disturbing as it sounds—it's about a dog named Cop, owned by one Simon Shooter.

Hill, Anne
          see MUSKETT, NETTA

HILL, DIANA [MARIAN] MURRAY (18 Oct 1910 – 16 Jul 1994)
1940s
Apparently a successful and acclaimed stage actress and author of a single novel, Ladies May Now Leave Their Machines (1944), about women factory workers in World War II. According to Geoffrey G. Field, that work "combines documentary reportage of factory work, fictional stories about other women workers, and detailed observations about her own physical and psychological responses to industrial work," but "[t]he result is an inferior, fragmented novel—indeed scarcely a novel at all—but a mine of interesting detail." She appears to have also written one play, The Wonderful Ingredient (1934).

HILL, LORNA (21 Feb 1902 – 17 Aug 1991)
(née Leatham)
1940s – 1970s
Author of more than 30 children's titles and two novels for adults. She is best known for her girls' ballet stories, beginning with A Dream of Sadler's Wells (1950) and continuing through more than a dozen volumes, which portray a somewhat romanticized view of ballet training. Hill's early books were written to entertain her own daughter, and she had completed eight by the time she began to publish her "Marjorie" series, beginning with Marjorie & Co. (1948). The fourth title in that series, Northern Lights, was written as a Christmas present for her daughter in 1941, but by the time the stories were being published, its wartime setting was deemed not of interest to readers. It was finally privately published in 1999 and then reprinted by Girls Gone By. She also published her "Patience" series (1951-1955) and her "Dancing Peel" series (1954-1962). Her most realistic books, about an impoverished clergyman and his family, were The Vicarage Children (1961) and its sequels, More About Mandy (1963) and The Vicarage Children in Skye (1966). Her two works for adults were The Other Miss Perkin (1978), reprinted in recent years by Greyladies (I wrote about it here), and Scent of Rosemary (1978), both romantic in themes.

HILL, MILDRED (1878 - ????)
1910s – 1920s
Poet, religious writer, and author of five children's titles, including His Little Bit o' Garden (1913), Michael's Quest (1920) (both referred to as missionary stories), "Princess Daisy-Flower" and the White Knight (1923), Bennie's Adventures (1923), and Mollie's Quilt (1927).

HILL, O[LIVE]. P[RIMROSE]. (19 Apr 1904 - 1985)
(married name Readman)
1930s
Author of a single children's book, Dernham Days (1934), set partly in a girls' school.

HILL, TRISTRAM (20 Apr 1888 – 2 Aug 1971)
(pseudonym of Yseult Alice Mary Lechmere Guppy, married names Low and Bridges, aka Yseult Bridges)
1930s
Later the author, under her own name, of several true crime stories about famous murder cases, in the 1930s she published two pseudonymous novels—Questing Heart (1934) and Creole Enchantment (1936)—about which little information is available. Her memoir was Child of the Tropics: Victorian Memoirs (1980).

Hills, Marguerite
          see BRADSHAW, NINA

HILTON, AGNES AUBREY (1878 – 9 Apr 1942)
1900s – 1930s
Author of more than a dozen religious and inspirational titles. Midsummer Madness (1920), The Hermit of Eskdale (1933), and The Promise of Life: A Romance of Middleton, at least, appear to be novels. She also published An Imaginative Child: Studies in a Child's View-Point (1913).

Hinde, Susan
          see CHITTY, SUSAN

HINE, MURIEL (1873 – 16 Jun 1949)
(married name Coxon, aka Muriel Hine Coxon, aka Mrs. Sydney Coxon, aka Nicholas Bevel)
1910s - 1950
Author of nearly three dozen romantic novels, including April Panhasard (1913), The Hidden Valley (1919), The Ladder of Folly (1928), The Door Opens (1935), Man of the House (1940), The Second Wife (1943), and Liar's Progress (1950). The Best in Life (1918), later made into the film Fifth Avenue Models (1925), deals with a young woman who is half French and living in wartime London.

HINKSON, PAMELA [MARY] (19 Nov 1900 – 26 May 1982)
(aka Peter Deane)
1920s – 1950s
Daughter of Katharine TYNAN. Author of more than a dozen volumes of fiction for adults and children. Her best known novel seems to be The Ladies' Road (1932), later reprinted by Penguin. The Spectator called it a "tale of war time and country life in Ireland," but went on to comment about Hinkson's "irritating prejudice against the comma." She published two early novels under her pseudonym—The Victors (1925) and Harvest (1926). Her other novels are The End of All Dreams (1923), Wind from the West (1930), set in Brittany, The Deeply Rooted (1935), Golden Rose (1944), set in India, and The Lonely Bride (1951), tracing one family in the years from 1890 to just after World War I. Early in her career, Hinkson published eight girls' school stories, which Sims and Clare call competent but conventional. These are The Girls of Redlands (1923), Patsey at School (1925), St. Mary's (1927), Schooldays at Meadowfield (1930), Victory Plays the Game (1933), Victory's Last Term (1936), and two more with uncertain dates, Victory's First Term (about 1932) and The New Girl. She revised and completed her mother's final novel, Connor's Wood (1933), and published a memoir, Irish Gold (1939), and a travel book, Indian Harvest (1941).

Hobson, Coralie
          see SALT, SARAH

Hockaby, Stephen
          see MITCHELL, GLADYS

HOCKING, [MONA NAOMI] ANNE [MESSER] (1890 - 1966)
(aka Mona Messer, aka Mona Dunlop)
1910s, 1930s – 1960s
Author of more than 50 novels, mostly mysteries. She hailed from a very writerly family—father Joseph, uncle Silas, aunt Salome, and younger sisters Elizabeth NISOT and Joan Carew SHILL were all published novelists as well. Anne Hocking published her pseudonymous first novel (as Mona Dunlop), a non-mystery called The Guarded Trust, in 1915, which was dismissed by Dominion as amateurish and sentimental. She didn't publish again until 1930, when A Castle For Sale began a string of successful mysteries which appeared at regular intervals until her death. Her series characters were Inspector Curtis and Sergeant Flyte. Other mysteries include Cat's Paw (1933), Walk Into My Parlour (1934), Stranglehold (1936), What A Tangled Web (1937), The Wicked Flee (1940), Six Green Bottles (1943), The Vultures Gather (1945), At the Cedars (1949), Death Among the Tulips (1953), And No One Wept (1954), Relative Murder (1957), Poisoned Chalice (1959), The Thin Spun Life (1960), and He Had To Die (1962). In the 1930s, she also published nearly a dozen mainstream novels using her Mona Messer pseudonym. These include Eternal Compromise (1932), Playing Providence (1934), Cuckoo’s Brood (1935), Marriage is Like That (1938), and The Gift of a Daughter (1940).

HODDER, MURIEL [WINIFRED SYLVESTER] (16 Jun 1897 – 12 Jul 1972)
(married name Hughes)
1920s
Author of a single children's title, Pax, the Adventurous Horse (1928).

Hodges, Barbara
          see CAMBRIDGE, ELIZABETH

HODGKIN, LUCY VIOLET (1869 – 6 Apr 1954)
(married name Holdsworth, aka L. V. Holdsworth)
1920s, 1960s
Primarily the author of Quaker-related non-fiction and biography, Hodgkin also wrote a children's title, The Larks' Nest (1920), and short stories, collected after her death into Fierce Feathers and Other Stories (1965). Seas of the Moon (1946) is her memoir.

HODGSON, ROSE MARIE (1910 – 11 Jan 1969)
(married name Foottit)
1930s
Poet and author of one novel, Rosy-Fingered Dawn (1934), described by Anna Bogen as an "experimental university novel." Her poems are published in Patrixbourne: Five Country Poems (1958) and Last Poems (1969).

HOGARTH, MARJORIE [MACQUEEN] (10 Mar 1895 - 19 Feb 1962)
1930s
Author of three novels—Marriage for Two (1938), The Eyes of a Fool (1939), and The Intruder (1940)—about which little information is available.

HOLDEN, [BEATRICE] INEZ [LISETTE] (21 Nov 1906 – 30 May 1974)
1920s – 1950s
Journalist and author of eight novels and two story collections, including Night Shift (1941), set in a wartime aircraft factory, which Jenny Hartley described as "narrative by snapshot, setting up and willfully shattering the expectations of fiction." There's No Story There (1944) is a rather bleaker but quite interesting tale set in a vast ordnance factory, where a snowstorm strands workers for a night, and her story collection, To the Boating (1945), likewise includes some vivid portrayals of wartime life. Her other novels are Sweet Charlatan (1929), Born Old, Die Young (1932), Friend of the Family (1933), It Was Different at the Time (1943), The Owner (1952), and The Adults (1956). Her other story collection is Death in High Society and Other Stories (1933). Among Holden's close friends were H. G. Wells and George Orwell. In his memoir, Anthony Powell referred to her as "a torrential talker, an accomplished mimic … excellent company."

HOLDER, MARY [ADELAIDE] (22 Jan 1895 – 26 Jul 1980)
(married name Bligh)
1930s
Stage actress with the Stratford-upon-Avon Shakespearean Company and author of six novels—The Dusky Highway (1932), The Strange Tale of Eastermain (1933), Radiant Interlude (1933), Rich Earth (1934), To-day Is Ours (1935), and Moonlight in Winter (1937).

HOLDSWORTH, ANNIE E. (25 Apr 1860 – 10 Jul 1917)
(pseudonym of Eliza Ann Holdsworth, married name Lee-Hamilton, aka Max Beresford)
1890s – 1910s
Born in Jamaica to British parents and raised in Britain, Holdsworth published fourteen volumes of fiction, including A Garden of Spinsters (1904), a story collection which OCEF compares to the work of American author Sarah Orne Jewett. Her other works are Miss Grahame's Memorial and Other Stories (1893), Joanna Traill, Spinster (1894), The Years That the Locust Hath Eaten (1895), Spindles and Oars, or, Chronicles of Skyrie (1896), a series of sketches set in a Scottish fishing village, The Gods Arrive (1897), The Valley of the Great Shadow (1900), Great Lowlands (1901), A New Paolo and Francesca (1904), The Iron Gates (1906), Lady Letty Brandon (1909), The Little Company of Ruth (1910), Dame Verona of the Angels (1912), and The Book of Anna (1913).

HOLDSWORTH, ETHEL CARNIE (1 Jan 1886 – Dec 1962)
(aka Ethel Carnie, aka Ethel Holdsworth)
1910s – 1920s
Editor and activist as well as novelist and poet. Called by ODNB the first working class British woman writer, Holdsworth began working in a mill at the age of eleven and later described the experience as slavery. She published three volumes of poetry and eleven works of fiction, including a story collection, The Lamp Girls and Other Stories (1913), and ten novels—Miss Nobody (1913), Helen of Four Gates (1917), The Taming of Nan (1919), The House that Jill Built (1920), The Marriage of Elizabeth (1920), General Belinda (1924), This Slavery (1925), The Quest of the Golden Garter (1927), Eagles' Crag (1928), and Barbara Dennison (1929). Helen of Four Gates was filmed in 1920. There's a chapter on Holdsworth in Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 (1993), edited by Angela Ingram and Daphne Patai.

Holdsworth, L. V.
          see HODGKIN, LUCY VIOLET

Holgar, Paxton
          see BOYD, MARY STUART

Holland, Ena
          see HOLLAND, RUTH

Holland, Hester
          see GORST, HESTER

HOLLAND, RUTH (1898 – 26 Nov 1963)
(pseudonym of Edith Holland, married name Jones, aka Ena Holland)
1920s – 1930s, 1950s
Sister-in-law of J. B. Priestley and author of six novels—The Undercurrent (1926, as Ena Holland), Country Tune (1931), The Lost Generation (1932), Time and the Singletons (1933), Storm and Dream (1936), and One Crown with a Sun (1952).

HOLLANDER, [AUGUSTA EDNA] GWENDA (7 Apr 1907 – 9 Aug 1998)
(née Levy)
1950s
Author of three novels—Lucia (1950), The Stubborn Field (1952), and One of Three (1953)—which contemporary reviews suggest may contain a fair amount of melodrama. For example, The Stubborn Field is about a tormented artist who comes to a tragic end.

HOLLIS, GERTRUDE (1845 - 1943)
1890s – 1930s
Prolific author of religious non-fiction and novels, some of them historical in subject. Titles include A Slave of the Saracen (1904), Between Two Crusades: A Tale of A.D. 1187 (1908), Jem Forster's Revenge (1913), The Blessed Bands (1919), and Aunt Clive's Excursions (1928).

HOLME, [EDITH] CONSTANCE (7 Oct 1880 – 17 Jun 1955)
(married name Punchard)
1900s – 1930s, 1950s
Influenced by writers such as Thomas Hardy and Joseph Conrad, Holme was a successful "regional" writer whose works mainly focused on rural Westmorland, where she was born and spent most of her life. Widely acclaimed in her lifetime (her early works appeared as Oxford World's Classics in the 1930s), Holme wrote a dozen novels and one story collection as well as several plays. Her most acclaimed novels include The Lonely Plough (1914), The Old Road from Spain (1916), Beautiful End (1918), The Splendid Fairing (1919) (which won the prestigious Femina Vie Heureuse prize later won by the likes of Mary Webb and Virginia Woolf), The Trumpet in the Dust (1921), The Things which Belong (1925), and He-who-Came (1930). Two early novels, Staggie Three (1905) and Hugh of Hughsdale (1906), were serialized. The remaining novels are Crump Folk Going Home (1913), The Home Coming (1916), and The Jasper Sea (1955), the last of which, written long after her other work and featuring a village gravedigger protagonist, has, according to the Orlando Project, never been published.

Holmes, Alex
          see SCOTT, AIMÉE BYNG

Holt, Martha
          see WILLANS, KATHARINE M[ARY].

Holt, Victoria
          see HIBBERT, ELEANOR

HOLTBY, WINIFRED (23 Jun 1898 – 29 Sept 1935)
1920s – 1930s
Journalist, poet, and author of eight volumes of fiction. Best known for her epic of village government, South Riding (1935), which was made into a film starring Ralph Richardson in 1937 and into a television miniseries in 2011. Her other novels are Anderby Wold (1923), The Crowded Street (1924, reprinted by Persephone), The Land of Green Ginger (1927), Poor Caroline (1931), and Mandoa, Mandoa! (1933). She published two story collections, Truth Is Not Sober and Other Stories (1934) and the posthumous Pavements at Anderby (1937), while a much later collection, Remember! Remember!: Selected Stories (1997) includes some additional uncollected stories. She was a close friend of Vera BRITTAIN, though their early friendship was rocky (see Brittain's portrayal of Holtby in her first novel, The Dark Tide). After her death, Holtby's letters to Brittain were published as Letters to a Friend (1937), and in 1940 Brittain published Testament of Friendship: The Story of Winifred Holtby.

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