Tuesday, January 1, 2013

British Women Writers of Fiction 1910-1960 (Sn - Sy)

For more information about this list, please see the introduction, linked below.

You can download the entire list in a single PDF. Clicking on the link below will open a Google Docs page displaying the entire list in PDF. To save a copy of the PDF, just click on the little down arrow in the upper left. You can also print the list from the Google Docs page, but be warned that it now weighs in at 418 pages!


Updated 6/9/2017


[Current total: 1,893 writers]


SNELLING, JOAN K[????]. (?1926 - ????)
(?married names Catlett and Kite?)
1940s
Author of three novels. The first, Queen by Proxy (1942), described by one reviewer as "unbelievably nonsensical," was written during the Blitz when she was only 14. The others are The Cruise of the Carrier Dove (1946) and Morning Waits (1947), the latter set during Queen Anne's reign.

Snow, Lyndon
          see ANSLE, DOROTHY PHOEBE

Somers, Jane
          see LESSING, DORIS [MAY]

SOMERVILLE & ROSS
(pseudonym of Edith Somerville [2 May 1858 – 8 Oct 1949] and Violet Martin [11 Jun 1862- 21 Dec 1915])
1880s – 1930s
Cousins, companions, and authors of eight volumes of fiction and several travel books. They remain most famous for Some Experiences of an Irish RM (1899), humorous tales of an Anglo-Irish "Resident Magistrate" clashing with Irish villagers. Two sequels followed—Further Experiences of an Irish RM (1908) and In Mr Knox's Country (1915)—and later on the stories were made into a television series. Their other fiction together were An Irish Cousin (1889), The Real Charlotte (1894), The Silver Fox (1898), All on the Irish Shore (1903), and Dan Russell the Fox (1911). Their travel writings include Beggars on Horseback (1895), which features a visit to the home of “the ladies of Llangollen". Following Martin's sudden death from a brain tumor, Somerville originally felt she could no longer write. As time passed, however, she began to believe that she was in psychic contact with Martin and that their collaboration was continuing. By this unusual method, she produced six more novels—Mount Music (1919), The Big House at Inver (1925), An Incorruptible Irishman (1932), The Smile and the Tear (1933), The Sweet Cry of Hounds (1936), and Sarah's Youth (1938). The pair's Selected Letters were published in 1989.

Somerville, Edith
          see SOMERVILLE & ROSS

SOMERVILLE, H. B. (1889 – 4 Nov 1950)
(pseudonym of Ina Violet McComas, sometimes MacComas)
1910s – 1930s
Author of six novels, at least some of which are historical in subject. Titles are Ashes of Vengeance (1913), set in France in the 1570s, Some Women and Timothy (1915), The Mark of Vraye (1917), The Man's Story (1919), Raoul the Hunchback (1922), and The Schemes of Men (1931), set during Queen Elizabeth's reign.

SOSKICE, JULIET [CATHERINE EMMA] (1880 – 14 Jun 1943)
(née Hueffer)
1920s – 1930s
Granddaughter of artist Ford Madox-Brown and sister of novelist and editor Ford Madox Ford. Chapters from Childhood (1921) is her acclaimed memoir of her bohemian family life. She also published five novels—A Woman Scorned (1925), Woman at the Wheel (1929), A Gay Rover (1931), No One to Guide Her (1933), and The Woman of Shadows (1937).

SOUTH, MARTHA (12 Nov 1891 – 1 May 1978)
(pseudonym of Grace Ashley Wood)
1930s
Author of two novels—Wind-Shaken Timber (1932), which judging by a review is a rural melodrama along the lines of Mary WEBB, and Apology of a Mercenary (1933), which follows one day in the life of an elementary school teacher. She later wrote a History of Hockerill Training College (1938).

SOUTHWART, ELIZABETH (1874 – 30 Sept 1947)
1920s
Author of three novels, including The Story of Jenny: A Mill Girl's Diary (1920), Ern Scar (1925), and The Road Beyond (1926), and what appears to be a children's title, The Password to Fairyland (1920). She also published the non-fiction Brontë Moors & Villages (1923).

SPAIN, NANCY [BROOKER] (13 Sept 1917 – 21 Mar 1964)
1940s – 1950s
Pioneering journalist, TV personality, biographer, children's author, and co-founder of the feminist She magazine. She also wrote three memoirs and ten humorous mysteries written in a campy style and containing thinly-veiled gay and lesbian characters and themes (Poison for Teacher, for example, is set at a girls' school called Radcliffe Hall). Mystery titles are Death Before Wicket (1946), Poison in Play (1946), Murder, Bless It! (1948), Death Goes on Skis (1949), Poison for Teacher (1949), Cinderella Goes to the Morgue (1950, aka Minutes to Midnight), R. in the Month (1950), Not Wanted on Voyage (1951), Out, Damned Tot! (1952), and The Kat Strikes (1955). Her first published work, Thank You, Nelson (1945), was a memoir of her own experiences in the war. The paperback edition featured the blurb, "The Irrepressible Nancy Spain's Witty, Vigourous and Inspiring Account of the W.R.N.S. at War." She published two subsequent memoirs, Why I'm Not a Millionaire (1956) and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way (1964), as well as biographies of Mrs. Beeton and Eleanor Tennant. Sadly, she and her partner of many years were killed in a plane crash.

SPARK, MURIEL [SARAH] (1 Feb 1918 – 13 Apr 2006)
(née Camberg)
1950s – 2000s
Major novelist whose 22 novels combine dark humor with a Catholic sensibility and rigorous explorations of the complexities of good and evil. In 2008, the Times placed her at #8 on their list of the 50 greatest British writers since 1945. Her most famous work, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1961), was included among Modern Library's 100 best English-language novels, and was made into a film for which Maggie Smith won a Best Actress Oscar. The Girls of Slender Means (1963) takes place in a London boarding-house for girls during the final days of World War II. Other acclaimed novels include Memento Mori (1959), The Ballad of Peckham Rye (1960), Loitering With Intent (1981), A Far Cry From Kensington (1988), and Symposium (1991). She was also acclaimed for her short stories, and her Complete Short Stories appeared in 2001.

SPENCE, BETTY [EILEEN] (8 Nov 1915 – 9 Mar 1997)
(married name Tettmar)
1950s
Author of three works of children's fiction—Wheels to the West (1953), The Family at the Yellow House (1956), her one school story, and Jen of the Yellow House (1959).

SPENCER, JILL (27 May 1897 - ????)
(born Hilda Marsden but went by Jill, married names Spencer and Tahourdin, aka Jay Marston, aka Jill Tahourdin)
1930s, 1950s – 1960s
Author of five early novels as "Jay Marston" and "Jill Spencer", including Full Moon (1930), Red Lava (1931), Ship's Magic (1933), A Bow at a Venture (1934), and Fool's Paradise (1934). She stopped publishing, apparently living in Uganda and later South Africa, until 1959, when she returned with several Mills & Boon romances under her second married name Jill Tahourdin.

SPENCER KNOTT, TINA [JUSTINA] (7 Jul 1915 - 1984)
(née Kuipers)
1950s
Author of two humorous memoirs—Fools Rush In (1949), about her and her husband's experiences buying a farm in Devon, and Keep It Clean (1958), about her subsequent venture setting up a launderette. She also published a single novel, Nemesis for Norman (1951), about British people working in the oilfields of Venezuela.

SPENCER SIMPSON, MOLLY (1915 - 1936)
1930s
Author of two crime novels—Crooks in Cabaret (1935), set in London and France, and The Four Dead Men (1936), a noir-ish thriller about four legally dead men who, having been falsely accused of crimes, set out for vengeance against ne'er-do-wells. She had been working as a shopgirl while writing her first novel, which was accepted when she was only 19. I wrote about her tragic early death here.

SPENDER, BRENDA ELIZABETH (1884 – 24 Mar 1967)
(aka Elizabeth Steward)
1930s – 1940s
Author of five children’s titles, including Mock Uncle (1932), a series of three pony books about "On’y Tony"—On'y Tony: The Adventures of Three Ponies and a Little Boy (1935), On'y Tony's Circus (1936), and On'y Tony and the Dragon (1938)—and one more later pony book, The Friends of Van (1949). She also published one romantic novel, The Unlikely Wooing (1932), under her pseudonym.

SPENDER, CONSTANCE M[ARY]. (1861 – 11 Jun 1943)
1910s – 1920s
Author of two children's books, The Gilroy Family (1919) and Lion Hearts (1920), the latter a girls' school story. She also published a book about Bath (1922).

SPIERS, HETTY [ELIZABETH] (6 Aug 1881 - 1973)
(born Spier, she apparently added the "s" herself, married name Reed)
1920s – 1930s
Costume designer and screenwriter for silent films and mother of child star Joan Langford Reed. Author, with her husband Herbert Langford Reed, of three novels. Potter's Clay (1923), about bohemian life in and around the Oxford potteries, was made into a film featuring Ellen Terry. Daphne Grows Down (1925) is about a young actress pretending to be a 12-year-old girl to aid her mother's vanity about her age. And The Mantle of Methuselah (1939) is a farce about a middle-aged couple who discover the fountain of youth, with unexpected consequences.

SPRIGGE, ELIZABETH [MIRIAM SQUIRE] (10 Jun 1900 – 9 Dec 1974)
(married name Napier)
1920s – 1940, 1960s
Children's writer, biographer, and author of seven novels, two of them historical. Home Is the Hunter (1930) is set in 19th century Dundee, complete with dialect, while The Raven's Wing (1940) follows the life of Elizabeth of Austria. The Old Man Dies (1933) seems to reflect Sprigge's growing interest in modernist writing, and was called a "brilliant performance" by the London Mercury. On the other hand, of The Son of the House (1937), a psychological novel, an Australian reviewer said, "300-odd pages are devoted to a young man whose every word and action makes one ache to do him violence." The other novels are A Shadowy Third (1927), Faint Amorist (1927), and Castle in Andalusia (1935). She published four works for children—Children Alone (1935), Pony Tracks (1936), Two Lost on Dartmoor (1940), and The Dolphin Bottle (1965). She then turned successfully to writing literary biographies. Alice B. Toklas was famously scathing about her obtuse biography of Gertrude Stein (1957), but she is still known particularly for her biography of Ivy COMPTON-BURNETT (1973). She also published works on August Strindberg (1949), Jean Cocteau (1968), and Sybil Thorndike (1971).

Squire, Mrs. J. C.
          see ANSTRUTHER, E[ILEEN]. H[ARRIET].

St. Helier, Mary
          see MARSH, EILEEN

ST. JOHN, THEA (THEODORA) [MARY LAND] (?1876-?1958)
(née James? [uncertain identification])
1920s
Author of a single novel, The Bride of the Revolution (1924), which the gushing publisher's blurb describes as a "romance of the Terror, in which the heroine, a beautiful daughter of one of the oldest families of the French aristocracy, through her own courageous self-sacrifice, gets drawn into the fiery furnace of the Revolution."

St. John, Christopher [Marie]
          see MARSHALL, CHRISTABEL

ST. JOHN-LOE, GLADYS [EVELYN] (22 Sept 1892 – 2 Mar 1977)
(née Camp, married name Loe, the "St. John" must have been added)
1920s – 1930s
Playwright and author of five novels—Spilled Wine (1922), Beggar's Banquet (1923), The Door of Beyond (1926), Who Feeds the Tiger (1935), and Smoking Altars (1936)—as well as one story collection, Dust of the Dawn and Other Stories (1922).

ST. VINCENT, ISOBEL (dates unknown)
1940s - 1950s
Untraced author of more than 30 children's books. Many of these are animal stories probably for younger children, but among them are three girls' school stories—A Rebel of the Fourth (1950), Mill School Mystery (1952), and Three in the Fourth (1952). Other titles probably for older children include All a-Growing: The Adventures of Two Young Gardeners (1943), They Came to England (1946), The Moorings Mystery (1948), and The Curse of the Claw (1954). She also published two biographical works for children—Young Marie: The Story of Madame Tussaud (1952) and The Fatal Necklace: The Story of Marie Antoinette of France (1954).

STACPOOLE, MARGARET ANN (1865 – 8 Jan 1934)
(aka Mrs. H. de Vere Stacpoole, née Robson)
1910s
Married to Henry de Vere Stacpoole, author of The Blue Lagoon (1908). Author of three novels of her own—Monte Carlo: A Novel (1913), London, 1913 (1914), and The Battle of Flowers (1916).

Standage, Virginia
          see RANDALL, RONA

STAFFORD, ANN (1901 - 1966)
(pseudonym of Ann Isabel Stafford Pedler, née Branfoot, aka Joan Blair [with Jane Oliver], aka Mrs. Mildred Hawker)
1930s – 1960s
Children's author and author of romance and historical novels, including some written with Jane OLIVER. Titles include Love on Wheels (1935), Green Eyes for Jealousy (1936), Pelican Without Piety (1937), Love and Sister Lorna (1939), Cuckoo Green (1941), Let April Linger (1942), Look Again, Lovers! (1945), Paradise Gate (1948), The Great Mrs. Pennington (1952), Blossoming Rod (1955), Rainbow in December (1960), A Match to Fire the Thames (1961), and The Young Bernadette (1965).

STANFORD, DAPHNE (dates unknown)
1940s
Untraced author of one book, June Harcourt (1940), set in a French pensionnat and perhaps, according to Sims and Clare, intended as much for adults as for children.

STANLEY-WRENCH, MRS. (1880 – 27 Oct 1966)
(pseudonym of Violet Louise Wrench, née Gibbs, aka Mollie Stanley-Wrench)
1900s – 1930s
Author of cookbooks and almost 20 romantic novels. Titles include Love's Fool: The Confessions of a Magdalen (1908), A Priestess of Humanity (1911), Divorced Love (1927), Green Pleasure (1934), and The Rose Dies Hard (1938).

STANNARD, HENRIETTE ELIZA VAUGHN (13 Jan 1856 – 13 Dec 1911)
(née Palmer, aka John Strange Winter, aka Violet Whyte)
1870s – 1910s
Author of around 80 volumes of fiction, mostly as John Strange Winter. The Ghost of an Old Love (1885), Stranger Woman (1894), The Heart of Maureen (1910), and Miss Peggy: The Story of a Very Modern Girl (1912), one of the first novels about a "flapper."

STANTON, CORALIE (1877 - ?1951)
(pseudonym of Alice Cecil Seymour Keay, married name Hosken)
1900s – 1930s
Author, with her husband Heath Hosken, of more than two dozen sensationalistic novels, including Miriam Lemaire, Money Lender (1906) and Raven, V. C. (1913), and on her own of eleven romance novels, including The Cottage Girl (1928) and The Pretty Stewardess (1932). Although Stanton's marriage in 1901 has been traced, her birth and death records remain elusive. If her birth year, which has been reported in other sources, is correct, she was born the year before her father's only known marriage, and was not residing with him and his wife on the 1881 census.

STARFORTH, ASTRAEA (4 Dec 1896 – 25 Nov 1985)
(née Hall)
1930s
Author of one girls' school story, The School in Spain (1931), and one adult romantic novel, The Loth Word (1939). John Cowper Powys said of the latter, "the publication of this arresting book will be the first milestone in a remarkable literary career," but the war, which she appears to have spent in Bath, may have interceded.

Starr, Jane
          see JESSE, STELLA MARY

STARR, LEONORA (1902 - 1972)
(pseudonym of Leonora Dorothy Rivers Mackesy, née Cook, aka Dorothy Rivers)
1930s – 1950s
Author of more than 30 romantic novels, including Hear the Bugle (1937), Gallant Heart (1941), The Heart of the Falconer (1942), Bird in the Bush (1945), Arrows at Random (1947), Fantails (1948), Family Story (1949), The Cinderella Sisters (1950), Love in the Wilderness (1954), and Chateau by the River (1958). Colonel's Lady (1937) is her memoir of her time in India. She also published two essay collections, To Please Myself (1948) and To Please Myself Again (1952).

STAWELL, MAUD [MARGARET] (c1866 – 27 Mar 1949)
(née Key)
1900s – 1910s
Translator of French literature, author of guidebooks of England for motorists, and author of several books of fairy-themed children's stories, including About Fairies and Other Facts (1902), Fairies I Have Met (1907), The Fairy of Old Spain and Other Important People (1912), and My Days with the Fairies (1913).

STEEL, FLORA ANNIE (2 Apr 1847 – 12 Apr 1929)
(née Webster)
1890s – 1920s
Novelist and folklorist whose work made vivid use of her life in India. Novels include Miss Stuart's Legacy (1893), Red Rowans (1895), Voices in the Night (1900), The Flatterer for Gain (1904), King-Errant (1912), The Law of the Threshold (1924), and The Curse of Eve (1929). The folktales she collected in Tales from the Punjab (1894) are still well-known today.

Steele, V. M.
          see FORTUNE, DION

STEEN, MARGUERITE [ELENA MAY] (12 May 1894 – 4 Aug 1975)
(née Benson, aka Jane Nicholson, aka Lennox Dryden)
1920s – 1970s
Biographer and author of more than 30 novels, several of them bestsellers. Matador (1934), which draws on her time in Spain, was a book club selection, and The Sun Is My Undoing (1941), about the Atlantic slave trade, was a bestseller in the U.S. as well as the U.K. Shelter (1942, as Jane Nicholson) makes effective if sometimes melodramatic use of the Blitz and incorporates modernist techniques. Other titles include The Gilt Cage (1927), Unicorn (1931), Stallion (1940), Rose Timson (1946), One-Eyed Moon (1949), The Swan (1951), Bulls of Parral (1954), The Woman in the Back Seat (1959), Candle in the Sun (1964), and When the Wind Blows (1975). She also published two memoirs of English literary life, Looking Glass (1966) and Pier Glass (1968).

STEPHENSON, MILDRED (dates unknown)
1920s
Untraced author of one novel, For One Brief Year (1928), about which I could find no information.

STEPNEY RAWSON, [ALICE] MAUD (c1865 – 22 Dec 1945)
(née Fife)
1900s – 1920s
Author of 18 novels, most of them historical romances. Titles include A Lady of the Regency (1901), The Enchanted Garden (1907), The Labourer's Comedy (1910), The Watered Garden (1913), and The Magic Gate (1917).

STERN, G. B. (17 Jun 1890 – 18 Sept 1973)
(pseudonym of Bertha [later changed to Bronwen] Gladys Stern)
1910s – 1960s
Journalist and author of more than 40 novels. Best known for her saga about a German-Jewish family loosely based on Stern's own, which spans several novels—Tents of Israel (1924, published in the U.S. as The Matriarch), A Deputy was King (1926), Mosaic (1930), Shining and Free (1935), and The Young Matriarch (1942).  Several of these were reprinted by Virago in the 1980s.  Among her other novels are Children of No Man's Land (1919), The Dark Gentleman (1927), Little Red Horses (1932), The Woman in the Hall (1939), No Son of Mine (1948), and Dolphin Cottage (1962). Among her several memoirs are All in Good Time (1954), The Way It Worked Out (1956), and One Is Only Human (1960).

Sterne, Julian
          see WEBSTER, NESTA HELEN

STEVENS, E[THEL]. S[TEPHANA]. (1 Dec 1879 – 27 Jan 1972)
(married name Drower, aka E. S. Drower)
1900s – 1920s
Noted anthropologist, travel writer, and author of more than a dozen novels. Particularly noted for her works on Mandaean history and culture. Novels include The Veil: A Romance of Tunis (1909), The Mountain of God (1910), The Long Engagement (1912), which one critic compared to Trollope and called "pleasant and restful to read", Allward: A Story of Gypsy Life (1915), Sophy: A Tale of Baghdad (1924), The Losing Game (1926), and Garden of Flames (1927). Among her travel books are My Sudan Year (1912), By Tigris and Euphrates (1923), and Cedars, Saints and Sinners in Syria (1926).

STEVENSON, ALICE MARGARET (26 Dec 1875 – 11 May 1957)
(née Adams)
1920s
Scholar and author of several books on Indian culture and language, Stevenson also published a single novel, Hilary: The Story of a College Girl (1920), about a young woman at Oxford who becomes a missionary providing medical attention to Indian women.

STEVENSON, D[OROTHY]. E[MILY]. (18 Nov 1892 – 30 Dec 1973)
(married name Peploe)
1920s - 1970
Author of nearly 50 novels, featuring strong characterization and a kind, thoughtful perspective on humanity. Her debut, Peter West (1923), was not a success, but she found her niche a decade later when a friend borrowed her diary and urged her to publish it. The result was Mrs. Tim of the Regiment (1934), followed by three more Mrs. Tim volumes—Mrs. Tim Carries On (1941), Mrs. Tim Gets a Job (1947), and Mrs. Tim Flies Home (1952)—reminiscent of E. M. Delafield's Provincial Lady novels and often involving Mrs. Tim facilitating one or more romances. Also in 1934, Stevenson published Miss Buncle's Book (1934), her best-known book, a comedy about a woman who writes a novel inspired by her village, then must keep her authorship secret from her outraged neighbors. Two sequels followed—Miss Buncle Married (1936), in which Miss Buncle marries her publisher and relocates to a new village, and The Two Mrs. Abbotts (1943), which presents Miss Buncle (now one of the Mrs. Abbotts of the title) during wartime. A fourth book, The Four Graces (1946), set in the final days of the war, is not properly a sequel but does contain characters from the earlier books. Among her other most popular titles are Miss Bun the Baker's Daughter (1938), The English Air (1940), Spring Magic (1941), Celia's House (1943), Listening Valley (1944), Vittoria Cottage (1949), Five Windows (1953), Amberwell (1955), Still Glides the Stream (1959), and Sarah Morris Remembers (1966). In recent years, many of her works have been reprinted by several publishers, and several volumes of previously unpublished work was released by Greyladies. For many years, she was the neighbor of Molly CLAVERING in Moffat, Scotland.

Steward, Elizabeth
          see SPENDER, BRENDA ELIZABETH

Stewart, Kaye
          see HOWE, DORIS [KATHLEEN]

Stewart, Marjorie
          see HUXTABLE, MARJORIE

STEWART, MARY [FLORENCE ELINOR] (17 Sept 1916 – 9 May 2014)
(née Rainbow)
1950s – 1990s
Children's author and novelist. Of her 20 novels, most are romantic suspense, often dealing with beautiful young heroines in peril in exotic locales, including such bestsellers as Madam, Will You Talk? (1954), Nine Coaches Waiting (1958), My Brother Michael (1959), The Ivy Tree (1961), The Moon-spinners (1962), This Rough Magic (1964), and Touch Not the Cat (1976). Her most famous works, however, are probably her Merlin trilogy of fantasy novels—comprised of The Crystal Cave (1970), The Hollow Hills (1973), and The Last Enchantment (1979), later supplemented by two more related Arthurian novels, The Wicked Day (1983) and The Prince and the Pilgrim (1995). Her children's titles are The Little Broomstick (1971), Ludo and the Star Horse (1974), and A Walk in Wolf Wood (1980).

STIRLING, [MABEL] ELIZABETH (c1884 – 14 Jan 1983)
(née Sprot)
1910s – 1920s
Author of three novels about which information is sparse—Barbara Mary (1919), Sweet Aloes (1920), and A Daughter of Martha (1921).

STIRLING, MONICA (1916 – 15 Nov 1983)
1940s – 1960s
War correspondent, biographer, and author of eight novels. She seems to have been fond of the romantic triangle theme, which, according to Contemporary Authors, features prominently in Boy in Blue (1955) and Some Darling Folly (1956). Her debut, Lovers Aren't Company (1949), makes use of her experiences in France and Italy in the final days of World War II. Her other novels are Dress Rehearsal (1951), Ladies With a Unicorn (1953), Sigh for a Strange Land (1958), A Sniper in the Heart (1960), and The Summer of a Dormouse (1967). She also published two story collections, Adventures Please Abstain (1952) and Journeys We Shall Never Make (1957), and two children's titles, The Little Ballet Dancer (1952) and The Cat from Nowhere (1969). She also received acclaim for her biographies, including The Fine and the Wicked: The Life and Times of Ouida (1957), The Wild Swan: The Life and Times of Hans Christian Andersen (1965), and A Screen of Time: A Study of Luchino Visconti (1979).

STONELEY, ANNIE (ANN) M[CKAY]. (1895 – 1 Aug 1958)
(née Ross)
Scottish author of a single girls' school story, Pat From Kilmara (1949), which is unusual for being Irish, though Sims & Clare found it "unmemorable."

STOOKE, ELEANORA H[EARN]. (1867 – 26 Jun 1944)
1890s – 1920s
Author of around 30 volumes of children's fiction, including two early girls' school stories—Little Maid Marigold (1902) and Prosperity's Child (1910). Others include Polly's Father (1896), Sir Richard's Grandson, or, A Soldier's Son (1902), Salome's Burden (1904) a girls' adventure set in Cornwall, Cousin Becky's Champions (1909), Little Soldiers All (1916), Whilst Father Was Fighting (1917), and Hurray for Peter Perry! (1924).

STOPES, MARIE [CHARLOTTE CARMICHAEL] (15 Oct 1880 – 2 Oct 1958)
(married names Gates and Roe, aka G. N. Mortlake, aka, Erica Fay, aka Marie Carmichael)
Known for her outspoken promotion of birth control and family planning in guides like Married Love (1918) and Radiant Motherhood (1920), she also published two pseudonymous novels, Love Letters of a Japanese (1911, as G. N. Mortlake) and Love's Creation (1928, as Marie Carmichael), and a children's book, The Road to Fairyland (1926, as Erica Fay).

STORM, LESLEY (19 Dec 1898 – 19 Oct 1975)
(pseudonym of Mabel Margaret Doran Clark, née Cowie)
1920s – 1930s
Screenwriter, playwright, and author of nine novels, known for her treatment of gender issues and marriage. Her novels are Lady, What of Life? (1927), Head in the Wind (1928), Small Rain (1929), Robin and Robina (1931), Just as I Am (1933), Strange Man's Home (1935), Gallows-Bird (1937), Parting at Morning (1939). She is largely remembered for her popular plays, including Heart of a City (1942), which takes place during the Blitz, and Great Day (1945), which presents preparations by the Women's Institute of an English village for a unexpected visit from Eleanor Roosevelt. I wrote about the latter here. Both were made into films.

Storm, Virginia
          see SWATRIDGE, IRENE MAUDE

STORR, CATHERINE (21 Jul 1913 – 7 Jan 2001)
(née Cole, later married name Balogh, aka Helen Lourie, aka Irene Adler)
1950s - 1980
Wife of self-help author Anthony Storr. Children's author and novelist, trained as a psychiatrist herself, whose work focuses on the unconscious and dreams. Titles include Marianne Dreams (1958), Lucy (1961), Thursday (1971), Kate and the Island (1972), and Tales from the Psychiatrist's Couch (1977), and Pen Friends (1980).

STOWELL, THORA (20 Sept 1885 – 13 May 1974)
(pseudonym of Alice Mary Dicken, née Ogden)
1920s – 1930s
Author of five or possibly six novels, including The Seller of Perfumes (1923), Strange Wheat (1925), The Crooked Plow (1926), The Black Camel (1927), and Red Candles in Spain (1938). Desert Flower (1928) appeared only in a U.S. edition and may be an American reprint of one of the other novels. She also published a late children's title, The Scarlet Flute (1951).

STRACHEY, DOROTHY (DOROTHEA) (24 Jul 1865 – 1 May 1960)
(married name Bussy, aka Olivia)
1930s
Sibling of historian Lytton Strachey, Freud translater James Strachey, and author Marjorie STRACHEY, sister-in-law of Ray STRACHEY. Her only major fiction is Olivia (written 1933, published 1946), a short novel set in a French girls’ school and detailing the love of a student for the headmistress, now seen as a lesbian classic. She is better known for her translations from French into English, which include most of the works of André Gide.

STRACHEY, JULIA (Aug 1901 - 1979)
(married name Gowing)
1930s, 1950s
Niece of historian Lytton Strachey, Freud translater James Strachey, and authors Dorothy STRACHEY and Marjorie STRACHEY. Translator from French and author of two novels—the short, surreal Cheerful Weather for the Wedding (1932), reprinted by Persephone, and The Man on the Pier (1951, aka An Integrated Man). She was also the subject of Frances Partridge’s memoir, Julia (1983).

STRACHEY, MARJORIE (1882 - 1962)
1920s
Sibling of historian Lytton Strachey, Freud translater James Strachey, and author Dorothy STRACHEY, sister-in-law of Ray STRACHEY. Author of one story collection, Savitri and Other Women (1920), and three novels—David the Son of Jesse (1921), The Nightingale (1925), about Chopin, and The Counterfeits (1927), about a woman adapting to peacetime life after nursing in WWI. She later published two theologically-themed non-fiction works about saints and early church fathers.

STRACHEY, RAY (RACHEL) [PEARSALL CONN] (1887 – 16 Jul 1940)
(née Costelloe)
1900s, 1920s
Sister-in-law of historian Lytton Strachey, Freud translater James Strachey, and authors Dorothy STRACHEY and Marjorie STRACHEY. Important early feminist and biographer of suffrage movement leaders, Strachey also wrote three novels—The World at Eighteen (1907), Marching On (1923), and Shaken by the Wind (1927)—the latter two set in the 19th century United States.

Strafford, Mary
          see MAYOR, F[LORA]. M[ACDONALD].

STRANGE, NORA K[ATHLEEN BEGBIE]. (11 Sept 1885 – 22 Mar 1974)
(married name Stanley, aka Melita Noose)
1920s - 1970
Author of around 50 novels, mostly set in Kenya where she lived for many years. According to Jill (1926) may have some crime content. Other titles include Latticed Windows (1924), Her Serenity (1931), Miss Wiston Goes Gay (1938), The Sunflower Scarf (1951), and The Quiet Girl (1967). Under her pseudonym, she wrote Blondes Prefer Gentlemen (1926), a parody of Anita Loos' bestseller.

Strathern, Christine
          see MORRISON, N[ANCY]. BRYSSON

STRATTON, FRANCES (1873 – 8 Jun 1946)
1890s – 1930s
Author of six volumes of children's fiction spread over quite a number of years. These include one girls' school story listed by Sims & Clare, Lighted Candles, or, The Girls of Barden School (1921). The others are Nan the Circus Girl (1898), Peggy, A Schoolgirl (1901), Branches of the Vine (1903), a sequel to Peggy, In Cap and Apron, or, I Cannot Stand Alone (1916), and A Hero's Daughter: A Story for Girls (1937).

STREATFEILD, [MARY] NOEL (24 Dec 1895 – 11 Sept 1986)
(aka Susan Scarlett)
1930s – 1970s
Prolific children's author and novelist. She began as a dancer and actress (including performing in a Shakespeare troupe with Ralph Richardson and appearing opposite John Gielgud in his debut role), experience which informed many of her books—most famously, her classic children's title, Ballet Shoes (1936). She published 38 books for children in all—other well-known titles include The Circus Is Coming (1938), The Children of Primrose Lane (1941), Curtain Up (1944), The Painted Garden (1949), The Bell Family (1954), The Growing Summer (1966), and When the Sirens Wailed (1974). She published a total of 28 adult novels, which she divided into two categories, her more serious fiction published under her own name, and a series of "romances" under her Susan Scarlett pseudonym. The former include The Whicharts (1931), Parson's Nine (1932), The Winter is Past (1940), about life in a country house in wartime, I Ordered a Table for Six (1942), a dark wartime book the premise of which is that three of the six people at the titular restaurant table will perish in a bombing raid, Saplings (1945), a family story about the lingering effects of the Blitz, Mothering Sunday (1950), Aunt Clara (1952), and The Silent Speaker (1961). Her 12 pseudonymous novels include Clothes-Pegs (1939), Under the Rainbow (1942), Summer Pudding (1943), Murder While You Work (1944), and Poppies for England (1948). All of the Susan Scarlett novels and several of Streatfeild's other novels have been reprinted by Greyladies in recent years, and Saplings was reprinted by Persephone. In the 1960s and 1970s, she published a popular trilogy of "memoirs," though these were fictionalized enough that many critics refer to them as novels. Titles are A Vicarage Family (1963), Away from the Vicarage (1965), and Beyond the Vicarage (1971). I wrote enthusiastically about The Winter Is Past here, and there's a tremendously informative site dedicated to Streatfeild's life and work, here.

STRETTON, ANNE (1900 - 1969)
(pseudonym of Gioia Vivian [sometimes Vivienne] Mary Elisina Grant Owtram, née Richards)
1930s
Author of two novels, Camilla (1934) and Proposal (1935). Of the former, Kirkus said smugly, "Just another of these English country novels, better written than their parallels in American stories, but unimportant. Circulating library appeal only."

Strong, Nigel
          see PETTMAN, GRACE

STRUTHER, JAN (6 Jun 1901 – 20 Jul 1953)
(pseudonym of Joyce Anstruther, married names Graham and Placzek)
1930s – 1940s
Poet and essayist immortalized by her creation of Mrs. Miniver (1939), derived from a series of articles she wrote for The Times about a family’s life in Chelsea just before WWII. Later editions of the book included additionally material dealing with the beginning of war, and its Oscar-winning film adaptation (1942) extended the story further to include the Blitz. Winston Churchill famously said that the book did more for the war effort than a flotilla of battleships. Struther’s other work includes poetry and the essay collections Try Anything Twice (1938) and A Pocketful of Pebbles (1946)—the latter of which contains most of the former, plus additional material. There has long been a story that Struther's run of appearances on the popular American radio show Information Please abruptly ended when she shocked some listeners by answering a question with the racially insensitive original title of Agatha Christie's And Then There Were None. However, the story would seem to have little basis, since most of her appearances on the show occurred after that incident. Struther's granddaughter is Ysenda Maxtone Graham.

Stuart, Alex
          see FINLAY, VIOLET VIVIAN

STUART, DOROTHY MARGARET (1889 – 14 Sept 1963)
(née Browne)
1910s, 1940s – 1950s
Historian, biographer, poetry anthologist, novelist, and children's author. Non-fiction includes historical surveys such as The Boy Through the Ages (1926) and A Child's Day Through the Ages (1941), and bios of Christina Rossetti, George VI, and others. Early in her career, she published one novel, St. Lô (1912), and in later years she published at least four volumes of children's fiction—The Children's Chronicle (1944), The Young Clavengers (1947), The Five Wishes (1950), and The Mysterious Mamma (1951).

STUART, ESMÉ (1851 – 12 Mar 1934)
(pseudonym of Amelie Claire LeRoy)
1870s – 1910s
Half sister of Mary BRAMSTON. Author of more than 60 volumes of fiction, primarily for children and young girls, some of it historical in subject matter. Titles include The Good Old Days (1876), The Prisoner's Daughter (1884), Miss Fenwick's Failures (1885), The Vicar's Trio (1890), A Woman of Forty (1893), Harum Scarum (1896), The Strength of Straw (1900), Two Troubadours (1912), and The Taming of Tamzin (1920).

STUART, MORNA [MARY] (7 Apr 1905 - 1972)
(married names Nicholas and Briscoe)
1930s, 1960s
Screenwriter, playwright, novelist and children's author. Now best known for her children's title Marassa and Midnight (1966), about a pair of boys caught up in the French Revolution. She had earlier written two adult novels, Nightrider (1933), set in the London theatre world, and Till She Stoop (1935). Her Wikipedia page says she also published an earlier children's title, The Children of Aries (1925) as C. J. Campbell, but I can find no independent confirmation.

Stuart, Robyn
          see FINLAY, VIOLET VIVIAN

STUART, SHEILA (1892 - 1974)
(pseudonym of Mary Gladys Baker, née Westwood)
1920s, 1940s – 1950s
Author of nearly 20 children’s titles, most notably her series of 15 "Alison" adventures, set in northwest Scotland and featuring Alison and her brother Niall. These are Alison’s Highland Holiday (1946), More Adventures of Alison (1947), Alison's Christmas Adventure (1948), Well Done, Alison! (1949), Alison's Easter Adventure (1950), Alison's Poaching Adventure (1951), Alison's Kidnapping Adventure (1952), Alison's Pony Adventure (1953), Alison's Island Adventure (1954), Alison's Spy Adventure (1955), Alison and the Witch's Cave (1956), Alison's Yacht Adventure (1957), Alison's Riding Aventure (1958), Alison's Cliff Adventure (1959), Riddle of Corran Lodge (1959), and Alison's Caravan Adventure (1960). She had already published two earlier children's books, Kitty Comes to Stay (1929) and The Morisons of Cleave (1929). Several of her "Alison" books were reprinted in recent years by Fidra Books.

Stuart, V. A.
          see FINLAY, VIOLET VIVIAN

Stuart, Vivian
          see FINLAY, VIOLET VIVIAN

Sturgeon, Flora
          see WAYNE, HILARY

Sturgis, Barbara
          see SILVER, BARBARA

STURT, MARY (1896 - 1994)
1930s
Author of various non-fiction works about education and psychology, Sturt also published at least three novels—Swallows in Springtime (1934), Be Gentle to the Young (1937, discussed in Anna Bogen's Women's University Fiction, 1880–1945), and The Hours of the Night (1938). She later published The Education of the People: A History of Primary Education in England and Wales in the Nineteenth Century (1966).

SULLIVAN, MAY (dates unknown)
1940s – 1950s
Untraced author of five school-related stories, three in the "Pocket Library" series—Sunnydene School, Chums of Sunnydene, and Sunnydene School Again (all 1941)—and two mentioned by Sims & Clare, Molly of Highdene House (1949) and Diana of Cliff End School (1955).

Surrey, Kathryn
          see MATTHEWMAN, PHYLLIS

SUTCLIFF, ROSEMARY (14 Dec 1920 – 23 Jul 1992)
1950s – 1990s
Novelist, children's author and memoirist. Best known for her historical fiction for children, which includes The Eagle of the Ninth (1954), set in Roman Britain, Outcast (1955), set in ancient Rome and Britain, The Shield Ring (1956), set among the Vikings, Warrior Scarlet (1958), set during the Bronze Age, and Blood Feud (1976), set during the Anglo-Saxon period. She also published several novels for adults, including Lady in Waiting (1956), The Rider of the White Horse (1959), and Blood and Sand (1987). Her memoir, Blue Remembered Hills (1983), deals with her childhood and her battle with arthritis, which she developed in childhood and which left her in a wheelchair for much of her life.

SUTER, [WINIFRED] JOAN (1908 - ????)
(married names Mackenzie-Kerr and Walker, aka Leonie Mason)
1940s
Author of two novels—East of Temple Bar (1946), described as being about Fleet Street, and the pseudonymous Murder by Accident (1947), presumably a mystery. She was living in Quebec by 1948, but we haven't been able to trace her death.

SUTHERLAND, JOAN (3 May 1890 – 6 Jun 1947)
(pseudonym of Florence May [sometimes Joan Maisie] Collings, married names Pope and Kelly)
1910s – 1940s
Author of more than 40 novels of romantic adventure, including Beyond the Shadow (1914), Beauty for Ashes (1920), The Circle of the Stars (1924), Onslaught (1927), Secret Places (1930), Silver Mist (1935), Dust Before the Wind (1940), and Wide Horizon (1942).

SUTHERLAND-LEVESON-GOWER, MILLICENT (20 Oct 1867 – 20 Aug 1955)
(née St. Clair-Erskine, later married names Fitzgerald and Hawes)
1890s – 1900s, 1920s
Society hostess, social reformer, and author of two novels—One Hour and the Next (1899) and That Fool of a Woman (1924), the latter semi-autobiographical about her three marriages. She also published one story collection, The Wind in the Tree: Seven Love Stories (1902). She was captured by and escaped from the Germans while nursing in France during World War I.

SUTTON, E[MILY]. M[AY]. (dates unknown)
1940s – 1950s
Untraced author of seven children's books, including one girls' school story, Making Trouble for Bryony (1951). The others are The Magic Tree (1943), All That Glitters— (1944), A Blue Pig and Other Stories (1944), The Truant Dolls and Other Stories (1945), The Spell That Went Wrong (1947), and The Lonely Giant (1948).

SWAN, ANNIE SHEPHERD (8 Jul 1859 – 17 Jun 1943)
(aka David Lyall, married name Burnett Smith)
1870s – 1940s
Author of more than 250 works of romantic fiction spanning more than six decades. Titles include Love, The Master Key (1905), Margaret Holroyd (1910), The Ruling Passion (1920), Love the Prodigal (1929), The Witch in Pink (1938), and Rebel Hearts (1940).

SWATRIDGE, IRENE MAUDE (6 Dec 1904 – 26 Oct 1988)
(née Mossop, aka Irene Mossop, aka Fay Chandos, aka Theresa Charles, aka Leslie Lance, aka Jan Tempest, aka Virginia Storm)
1930s – 1980s
Author of well over 200 works of fiction under her several pseudonyms, most of it romantic in theme. As Irene Mossop, she also published about 15 girls’ school novels, including Well Played (1928), Feud in the Fifth (1933), The Taming of Pickles (1933), and Gay Adventure (1937). Her romantic fiction includes Stepmother of Five (1936), Gay Knight I Love (1938), Wife for a Wager (1938), The Distant Drum (1940), A Prince for Portia (1943), Made to Marry (1944), The Ugly Prince (1950), Give Her Gardenias (1953), Model Girl's Farm (1958), Farm by the Sea (1967), Nurse by Accident (1974), Surgeon's Sweetheart (1981), and Heiress to the Isle (1987).

SWINBURNE, DOREEN (30 Oct 1916 - 1976)
(married names Dubner and Smith)
1940s – 1960s
Author of six girls' career stories focused on nursing, including Hospital Nurse (1941), Jean Tours a Hospital (1943), Jean at Jo's Hospital (1959), Jean, S.R.N. (1960), Jean's New Junior (1964), Kit at Kerminster (1965). Oddly, there is apparently an additional "Jean" title, Jean Becomes a Nurse (1947), written by a different author, Yvonne TREWIN.

SYLVANUS, PADDY (20 Dec 1876 - 1967)
(pseudonym of Beatrice Maude Bartlett)
1920s – 1940s
Author of four novels. Ten to One in Sweden (1929) is apparently based on the author's own time as a governess in Sweden. A bookseller blurb describes Too Saucy with the Gods (1931) as a "novel of young English people before the World War, revolving around the romance of a madcap heroine with her cousin, who is in the diplomatic service," while a blurb for Thunder in the Offing (1946) notes that it's about a village “where love, hate, and superstition mingle to strange effect.” The fourth was Tremendous Gain (1930), about which I could find no details.

SYMONS, [DOROTHY] GERALDINE (13 Aug 1909 - 1997)
(aka Georgina Groves)
1950s – 1970s
Author of nearly a dozen works of fiction. Her three adult novels are All Souls (1950), which covers nearly a century in the lives of members of one family, French Windows (1952), and The Suckling (1969). The rest of her books were for children, including a series of five books—The Rose Window (1964), The Quarantine Child (1966), The Workhouse Child (1969), Miss Rivers and Miss Bridges (1972), and Mademoiselle (1973)—set 1909-1914 and featuring Pansy and Atalanta, two young girls with a propensity for adventure. Her novel Now and Then (1977, published in the U.S. with the more evocative title Crocuses Were Over, Hitler Was Dead) is a time-slip story of a girl moving with her family to a country estate and occasionally slipping back into World War II, where she befriends a gardener and his dog from those earlier years. Symons's memoir is Children in the Close (1959).

SYRETT, NETTA (JANET) (17 Mar 1865 – 15 Dec 1943)
1890s - 1940
Author of more than 50 volumes of fiction, often with feminist themes and sensational plots. The Victorians (1915, aka Rose Cottingham) is based on her time at the North London Collegiate School for Girls, where she boarded with headmistress and girls' school pioneer Frances Buss, of whom Syrett was not fond. The God of Chance (1920) makes use of her own years working as a teacher. Portrait of a Rebel (1929) deals with the women's suffrage movement, and was made into the film A Woman Rebels, starring Katherine Hepburn, in 1936. Other novels include Nobody's Fault (1896), Women and Circumstance (1906), A Castle of Dreams (1909), Three Women (1912), The Path to the Sun (1923), Strange Marriage (1930), The Farm on the Downs (1936), and Gemini (1940). She also published several children's books, including two girls' school stories, A School Year (1902) and Girls of the Sixth Form (1934).

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