I've been meaning to write about this novel and about Clavering herself for some time. She is certainly a "lesser-known" writer by any definition, and her books, with the exception of the present one, are virtually nonexistent outside of the major U.K. libraries.
Fellow blogger Jeanne at A Bluestocking Knits recently provided me with a plethora of information about Clavering, provided to her a while back by a cousin of Clavering herself. Jeanne had been meaning to write more about her, but hadn't gotten to it, so she graciously shared the information with me and is allowing me to share it here.
I'm planning to write a more in-depth post on Clavering herself in the next few days, but thought I'd start off by discussing the one novel of hers that can be tracked down with relative ease—especially since it happens to be quite relevant to D. E. Stevenson fans as well. Be sure to check out Jeanne's original post on this novel, too, which is what led to her contact with Clavering's cousin.
I first read Mrs. Lorimer's Family (published in the U.K. as Mrs. Lorimer's Quiet Summer) a couple of years ago, after it was recommended on the D. E. Stevenson discussion list as a DES-ish book with more than the usual number of DES connections. Molly Clavering was a neighbor of Stevenson's in Moffat, Scotland (called Threipford here), and the novel is at least somewhat autobiographical. The main character, Lucy Lorimer, is obviously modeled on Stevenson, and her close friend Grace ("Gray") Douglas is based on Clavering herself, who had already written several novels, albeit with considerably less success than Stevenson:
The two were friends and had been for many years before Miss Douglas, a little battered by war experiences, had settled down in Threipford, to Mrs. Lorimer's quiet content. Not only were they genuinely fond of one another, but they had many mutual interests; but neither had ever tried to probe into her friend's innermost reserves, and this reticence seemed only to have strengthened the friendship. Both wrote; each admired the other's work. Lucy possessed what Gray knew she herself would never have, a quality which for want of a better name she called "saleability." Lucy had made a name by a succession of quiet workmanlike novels, redeemed from any suggestion of the commonplace by their agreeably astringent humor and lack of sentimentality. Now she earned a comfortable income, and if she did not actually supply the family bread and butter, the family jam and cake depended largely on her.
In an article Clavering wrote about her friendship with Stevenson—in which she described her as "a quiet woman with curls of silvery hair, blue eyes and a low-pitched unforgettable voice, wearing for choice good tweeds and well-cut plain shoes"—she also noted how offhand Stevenson was about her writing:
Writing of course is her chief interest, but she does not allow it to absorb her entirely, except when a new book is under way, and even then she will emerge, dazed and blinking a little, to answer the calls made on her by her family and friends. Asked in respectful tones if she has been WRITING, she is quite likely to answer, "I've been making a cake," or "I've been helping John to cut down a tree in the garden."
That the tone of Clavering's short memoir matches so well the novel's descriptions of Mrs. Lorimer suggests that the novel is intended to be a fairly accurate portrayal of Stevenson.
Since I haven't been able to track down any of Clavering's other novels, I can't say for certain, but it seems too that Clavering might have been emulating Stevenson here in hopes of achieving comparable commercial success. Mrs. Lorimer's Family is very much in the DES style—a pleasant, cozy sort of novel about Lucy, her husband, her four children, three of whom are married, and several grandchildren, who have all come home for a visit. In addition, Gray is often present to provide moral support. If it was an attempt to reach a broader audience, the attempt may have been successful, as this seems to be the only one of Clavering's novels to have been published in the U.S., and it was taken up by the People's Book Club (with its usual colorful and interesting endpapers).
|The endpapers are always a high point of a People's Book Club title|
The novel is gently humorous, and the problems faced are generally minor and easily resolved by Lucy's and/or Gray's wisdom and life experience, but I found it to be completely entertaining and enjoyable, even during my recent second reading. Reportedly, Stevenson's children were somewhat upset by Clavering's portrayal of the family, and it's easy to guess why this might be. While Stevenson herself gets off lightly in Clavering's obviously admiring portrayal of Mrs. Lorimer, the children are a bit more problematic. (Presumably, however, any resentment was not lasting, as Stevenson's granddaughter wrote an affectionate obituary for Clavering in the local paper.) Daughter Phillis, for example, who feels neglected by her husband, is presented as rather temperamental and a bit spoiled, and Lucy vehemently disapproves of son Guy's romantic interest in a neighbor girl.
Most entertaining, though too brief, is the portrayal of daughter-in-law Mary, who, having flown planes during the war, now finds herself unequal to the challenges of housekeeping. Clavering doesn't make as much as she could of this rather poignant situation—one undoubtedly repeated many times in the lives of women all across Britain in the years after their war work had ended and they attempted to return to domesticity. But be that as it may, the solution Lucy suggests to Mary seems so perfectly Stevenson-esque that one feels it must be a glimpse of the real personality behind Clavering's portrayal:
"Instead of being apologetic about your absent-mindedness you must turn it into an asset," said Mrs. Lorimer impressively. "You must be an eccentric, that's all. It will work beautifully. Eccentrics always seem to be well served. Thomas must explain to the new cook that you were flying all through the war, and that you are not to be bothered with household affairs. The explanation will come better from him—"
"I am to have a mind above housekeeping, in fact?"
"Well, you do seem to, don't you, Mary dear? I mean, your head is always up in the sky," said her mother-in-law, but very kindly. "If your new cook really is a good one, she will be pleased to have the responsibility. Once she understands that you are something out of the ordinary, she will run the house for you, do the ordering of the food and cook it, so you and Thomas ought to be quite comfortable and well fed. It isn't as if you can't afford to pay a staff, after all."
And when Mrs. Lorimer goes on to add some detail about her own cook, a Stevenson fan could hardly fail to imagine Miss Buncle and her beloved Dorcas:
"I never waste my time and efforts on useless endeavor," said Mrs. Lorimer. "And I do understand, because when I am writing Nan takes over the housekeeping for me. She thinks I am a little mad at those times, but she is rather proud of me. I don't see why your cook shouldn't be the same."
It's difficult, too, not to be charmed by Clavering's self-portrait in the character of Gray:
Thimblefield, an old cottage, had been built on to at different times; one owner had added a room, another had put in a dormer window, and the result, though highly irregular, was attractive and harmonious. Miss Douglas loved her funny little house and was happy in it, and knew that she was happy, an enviable state which is rarer than one would suppose. She had reached that half-way stage in life when there seems to be a pause before starting down the far side of the hill to that unknown valley where death is waiting, and the dark river that has to be crossed. Youth with its fevers and unrest, its terrible miseries and lovely ecstasy, was behind her, gone for ever. She knew it was a loss, but an unavoidable one, and very sensibly seldom looked back over her shoulder.
Although Clavering herself, like Gray, never married, it's nice to see from passages like this one that her life may not have been lacking in romance. And her policy of not looking back may be reinforced by one of the most DES-ish events in the novel—Lucy's encounter with an old beau at a party:
Determinedly she drew the others into the conversation, but it was difficult, with Richard now muttering into her ear how wonderful it was of her to remember that he appreciated good cooking. Mrs. Lorimer could not imagine how some women seemed to find it romantic and exciting, even when they were happily married, to meet an old flame again. She was finding this maddeningly tedious, and it seemed impossible to make Richard understand that, far from being an old flame, he was the deadest of dead ash to her.
I admit that when the "old beau" was first mentioned, I perked up, shamelessly hopeful of some gossip. I have always been intrigued by the character of Tony Morley in Stevenson's loosely autobiographical, humorous Mrs. Tim novels. Morley shows up in all of the Mrs. Tim books, and always he persistently flirts with Stevenson's alter-ego, Hester. Always, too, Hester is either oblivious to his attempts or willfully misinterprets them (either interpretation makes for an entertaining way of reading the scenes in which Morley appears).
There's certainly never any indication that Morley is an "old beau" of Hester's, but I wondered nevertheless if, just maybe, Clavering had based the old beau in this novel on a real figure in Stevenson's life. It's not such a stretch, if we take both the Mrs. Tim novels and this one as based on Stevenson's real life. But alas, there was no revelation here that I could find. The old beau in Mrs. Lorimer's Family is truly an old bore, who bears no resemblance to the charming Morley.
But one more glimpse of Stevenson does seem to come through when the old bore mentions Lucy's literary success:
Mrs. Lorimer was conscious that she was babbling with most unusual loquacity, and it did not make her any happier to have Richard murmuring in his annoyingly confidential manner: "I read an article about you in a magazine, Lucy, by someone who described you as a very quiet woman. I must say I shouldn't have recognized you—"
"Oh, you can't go by those interviews with reporters. I was probably struck dumb and couldn't think of anything to say on that occasion," answered Mrs. Lorimer, unable to stem the nervous rush of words which was afflicting her.
These "insider" glimpses of Stevenson and her family are certainly fun (and if you'd like to know more about Stevenson, be sure to check out two wonderfully informative DES sites here and here), but there are other memorable moments in Clavering's novel as well—enough to make me yearn to get my hands on more of her books. As several folks at the DES discussion list suggested, she might be a perfect choice for a Greyladies author. It's true enough that she lacks some of Stevenson's subtlety in developing characters, and she is not always willing to trust her readers to find the humor of a situation, so that jokes are sometimes painstakingly spelled out. But it would be quite interesting to see what Clavering was able to do when she was not writing about a close friend—and not, perhaps, emulating her style.
More to come on Clavering in the next few days, with other biographical information as well as information about her other writings. For now, suffice it to say that she was considerably more prolific than I had ever realized…