Sunday, August 13, 2023

“No useful purpose would be served by remaining in a vertical posture”: HUMPHREY PAKINGTON, Four in Family (1932)

[I'm actually not even sure now when I drafted this review. It might be a few years ago now. Initially, I wanted to sample more of Pakington's books before raving about this one, and then I think I just had trouble fitting it in. Y chromosome and all... But better late than never!] 

The guests left the Deanery at an hour consonant with the evening engagements of a Cathedral City, and Mrs. Hodge, feeling that no useful purpose would be served by remaining in a vertical posture, intimated shortly afterwards that she desired to assume a position of horizontality.

I know there are few things more shocking than Furrowed Middlebrow writing about a male author, but you know that pure silly humor is like heroin for me, so how could I possibly resist a book with passages like this one?

Brad Bigelow at Neglected Books got to Humphrey Pakington way ahead of me, writing about him here quite a few years ago. But it has taken me longer, undoubtedly because of my incorrigible bias against the Y chromosome. So far I’ve only read this, Pakington’s first novel, but suffice it to say that this one could quite easily have been written by any one of several of my favorite women writers from E. M. Delafield to Carola Oman, perhaps with some help from Groucho Marx.

Four in Family is one of those lovely books that has no real overarching plot, but it primarily focuses on the Warmstrys--Robert and Helen and their four children Elizabeth, Crispin, June and Laura--who move to the country as their financial position improves. Robert is liberal-leaning, but finds himself confronted with the more conservative standards of the “County” and Helen’s yearning to be accepted. They must particularly play up to Colonel and Susan Canfield, the latter the self-styled mover and shaker of local social life, whose uptight sense of what is and is not “done” Pakington milks for all its comedic worth. The Dean and his sister, not to mention a Rector and a Bishop, figure in the proceedings, as do the hoity-toity Eaton-Shrubsoles, poor Miss Wilson from Ferry Cottage, who only gets invited to things when an extra woman is needed, and the Pilbeams, family friends also striving to find their place in the hierarchy.

Undoubtedly a Brit of Pakington’s time (and perhaps today) would recognize the various gradations of class in these characters better than an oblivious Yank, but it’s quite entertaining enough just seeing them all struggling to impress or beat down each other, and fortunately no subtle understanding of social structures and strictures is necessary to get the jokes.

Without any major overarching plot, Pakington is free to indulge in the most elaborate and entertaining set-pieces, such as the dialogue between Robert and Helen as they try to work out the precise language of the newspaper announcement of their move to the country. It takes several pages in all, but here's a sample:

"Can't you see that 'gone into residence' is impossibly pompous?"

"It's what the Canfields put when they came into Warnedon, Robert."

"Ah, but Warnedon is much more of a place than this, and the Canfields are much bigger people than we are, or think they are—and it's very different when one 'comes into' a place, as you call it. I should just say 'arrived at'."

"Very well, dear, but I think 'arriving' sounds rather sudden, as if we hadn't been expected."

There's an absolutely epic scene of the complications that ensue in Helen's efforts to ensure an equal balance of men and women at her first dinner party in the country—that and the party itself fill the better part of two hilarious chapters which in themselves are worth the price of admission.

And even more fun comes a few chapters along when Laura plans a house party that has at least one guest sleeping in a dressing room on a camp bed. I particularly loved the party games she insists upon, especially one in which she shows fragments of photos of famous figures' faces and the challenge is to guess who it is. Unsurprisingly, the results vary quite a lot—here's just a sample:

"Mummy, how on earth were we to know it was Queen Mary, with only a tiny bit of cheek showing?" cried June.

"You weren't supposed to know," said Elizabeth.

"Then why not cover the photograph up altogether? I'd got Mr. Henry Ford for that one."

"Why Ford?" asked the Rector. "Why not Morris?"

"Why not anyone?" said June.

"I had got William Morris for number eight," said Uncle William.

"You've made it much too difficult, Mummy," said June.

"I don't think so at all, dear. They seemed quite easy to me."

"That's all very well, but you saw them all first: who's number three?"

"Number three," said Helen, "is the Archbishop of Canterbury."

"By jove," said Robert, "I was close that time! I put Edith Sitwell. Did you spot the Archbishop, Rector?"

"Er, no, not exactly, but I've got him down later. I suppose I could count a half for that."

"What did you put for that, Miss Porter?" asked Elizabeth.

"I seem to have made some mistake," said Miss Porter; "I have been putting down the names of the photographers. I put Bassano for that one, but I see how you play now."

"It's all right, Miss Porter," said William Pilbeam, "I think you'll be as near as any of us."

At a later dinner party given by June in her new home, we encounter the dreadful Lady Langley, whose "medley of impertinences and insults" shifts from one victim to another as each is rescued in turn:

Mrs. Hodge, released from the jaws of the inquisition, dragged her mangled form into a corner to be solaced by the familiar chatter of her friend Lady Papworth, who was a bird-like little woman in black and white with an interest in the mission-field.

Pakington also has some fun with his local place names too, most prominently the Abbot's Bottom (a dip in the landscape), which gets quite a lot of amusing play. But my personal favorite is the church of St. Alice-in-the-Skittle-Alley.

It’s all absolutely terrific good fun, without any redeeming social or moral value whatsoever, which is right up my alley. Despite his Y chromosome, I’ve ordered a couple more of Humphrey Pakington’s novels and will be judiciously using them as needed for some sprightly literary uplift.


  1. Excellent fun! (Liz)

  2. Glad you gave one of Humphrey Pakington's books a try. At the risk of getting controversial, having a Y chromosome is almost a handicap for interwar middlebrow authors now. Pakington is hardly alone in his neglect. Now that you see me racing out to champion Eden Philpott or J. D. Beresford ... well, R. H. Mottram I could get behind just because he was from Norwich.

  3. I love the review. NOW, against all hope, I begin my search for said titles, but not a vain hope?
    I cannot use the word "hope' a third time, so let me just say, it would be NICE if somethng turns up!

  4. P.S. P.S. Great news! Los Angeles Public Library has quite a few of Pakington's titles, and so "Four in the Family" is on its merry way to me!

  5. I've been on a Pakington binge since I read this blog post. I haven't got hold of Four in Family but Aston Kings and The Roving Eye were both excellent.

  6. Got "Four in the Family," and I am just to the part where , I believe, the dashing young architect and one of the daughters are "interested" in each other.


NOTE: The comment function on Blogger is notoriously cranky. If you're having problems, try selecting "Name/URL" or "Anonymous" from the "Comment as" drop-down (be sure to "sign" your comment, though, so I know who dropped by). Some people also find it easier using a browser like Firefox or Chrome instead of Internet Explorer.

But it can still be a pain, and if you can't get any of that to work, please email me at I do want to hear from you!